Figurative Language


Simile
(simil) comparing two unlike things using words such as “like” or “as”
Example: They fought like cats and dogs!

Personification
…, A figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes

Metaphor
comparing two unlike things NOT using words such as “like” or “as”
Example: How could she marry that snake?
figure of speech comparing two different things


Onomatopoeia
…imitates a sound

Imagery
(Imagenes sensoriales) Descriptive language that create a picture in your mind

Hyperbole
( hiperbole) exaggeration

Alliteration
words that have the same beginning sounds together

Pun
A play on words using the double meaning for fun

Idiom
an expression that says one thing but means something else

Figurative Language
(Lenguaje figurado) word play

Assonance
repeating vowel sounds

Simile
Comparing two unlike things using words such as “like” or “as”
Example: The sisters fought like cats and dogs!

Metaphor
Comparing two unlike things NOT using the words “like” or “as.”
Example: How could she marry a snake like that?

Personification
Giving an object or animal human feelings, thoughts, attitudes or actions.

Hyperbole
Extreme exaggeration for effect.

Alliteration
Repeated beginning consonant sounds. Example: The fog filtered over the field finally hiding the fence.

Idiom
A common, often used expression that doesnt make sense if you take it literally. Example: Seeing the world through rose colored glasses = not seeing clearly or ignoring the bad in life.

Personification
Example sentence:
The delicious bread danced in my stomach.

Idiom
Example sentence:
When singing at church, my mom always said “break a leg.”

Alliteration
Example sentence:
Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers.

Hyperbole
Example sentence:
Ive said that a million times.

Metaphor
Example sentence:
Matthew is a tall, cool drink of water.

Idiom
Example sentence:
Getting an A on this test is a piece of cake.

Simile
Example sentence:
Jose sleeps like a log.

Idiom
A phrase commonly used in everyday language that doesnt make sense in another language.

Metaphor
A comparison of two unlike things without using like or as.

Simile
A comparison of two unlike things using “Like” or “As.”

Personification
Giving human characteristics to something non-human.

Hyperbole
Extreme exaggeration

Alliteration
Definition:
Repetition of consonant sounds.

Onomatopoeia
Examples:
Bang!, hiss, drip, whoosh
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