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family therapy quiz 2 chapter 7 & 8 Essay

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“Unbalancing” involves
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taking sides
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The primary treatment goal of structural family therapy is to:
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alter the family structure
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Minuchin’s term for psychological isolation that results from overly rigid boundaries around individuals and subsystems in a family is ________.
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disengagement
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In order to highlight and modify interactions in the family, structural therapists must use intensity to:
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Answer is all of the above –interrupt rigid patterns of conflict-avoidance —-break families loose from their patterns of equilibrium —extend interactional sequences beyond the point where dysfunctional homeostasis is reinstated
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The goal in structural family therapy when working with enmeshed families is to:
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differentiate individuals and subsystems by strengthening the boundaries around them
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In order to discern a family’s structure two things are necessary: a theoretical system that explains structure and:
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live observation
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When parents are unable to resolve the conflicts between them, a common pattern is to continue to argue through the children. When father says mother is too permissive, she says he’s too strict. He may in turn withdraw, and she responds to the child with excessive concern and devotion. The structural term which best describes the resulting family structure is:
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a cross-generational coalition between mother and child
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_____________ is another method of modifying interactions, which structural therapists use to help family members employ more functional alternatives already in their repertoire of skills.
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shaping competence
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Structural therapists attempt to alter the family’s view of reality by:
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challenging cognitive constructions
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When two people marry, they must learn to negotiate the nature of the boundary between them, as well as the boundary separating them from the outside. This structural requirement is known as _______________.
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accommodation
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Disengaged subsystems are surrounded by _________ boundaries while _________ subsystems have _________ boundaries.
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rigid; enmeshed; diffuse
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Structuralists believe the family must first accept the therapist, in a process called ________, which allows the therapist to increase stress and unbalance the family homeostasis, thus opening the way for structural transformation in the family.
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joining
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A family therapist who begins a session by greeting individual family members by name and asking for each person’s view of the problem is demonstrating which strategy?
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JOINING
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Minuchin, Rosman, and Baker (1978) reported a 90% improvement rate in the results of their treatment study of structural family therapy in treating _____________.
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anorexia
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An interaction stimulated in structural family therapy in order to observe and then change transactions which make up family structure is called:
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an enactment
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During which phase of structural family therapy does assessment occur?
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opening
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Structural family therapists use _________ to observe and then change transactions that make up family structure.
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enactments
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Structural family therapists are _______________, because they believe symptoms in one member are expressive of the entire family structure.
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functionalists
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Research on emotionally-focused couples therapy has shown that greater ________ on the part of spouses results in more productive sessions and better treatment outcomes.
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experiencing
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Experiential family therapists believe _________ is/are the primary cause of dysfunction in families.
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unexpressed emotion
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The notion that the personality is subdivided has been proposed by Freud, the object relations theorists, and __________ theorists.
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internal family systems
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The goals of experiential family therapy would not include
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restructuring of the family system
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Experiential therapy differs from most systems approaches with respect to its emphasis on _________ versus techniques that specifically facilitate interaction.
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expanding experience
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Carl Whitaker, like Murray Bowen, believes that personal growth (i.e., individuation) also requires:
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family connectedness
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Experiential family therapy is designed to:
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facilitate emotional experiencing in family members
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__________ is considered more important by experiential therapists for healthy family functioning than either problem-solving skills or functional family structure.
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open, spontaneous experiencing
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Johnson and Greenberg have found that emotionally-focused couples therapy is more successful when the therapist first _________ and then __________, in that order.
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softens the attacking spouse’s stance; engages the withdrawn spouse
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Experiential therapists often use __________ to help minimize countertransference responses to family members in session.
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co-therapists
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An essential role of an IFS therapist is to:
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help family members notice when their parts have taken over
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A non-verbal experiential technique, in which family members position themselves in a tableau that reveals significant aspects of their perceptions and feelings, is known as:
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family sculpting
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R.D. Laing’s concept that many families distort their children’s experience by denying or relabeling it is known as:
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mystification
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Among experientialists, families are typically conceived of and treated as ___________.
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groups of individuals
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According to Schwartz’s study of inner systems, exiles are
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parts of us that contain pain, fear and sadness from past hurtful experiences.
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The goal of internal family systems therapy is to:
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achieve self-leadership
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The IFS therapist uses ______________ or sense of when people are and are not leading with their Selves, to help family members maintain Self-leadership as they interact.
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a parts detector
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Internal family systems theorists use techniques such as ___________ from structural family therapy to help people get their polarized parts to deal with each other while blocking the interference of other parts.
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boundary making
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A collection of beliefs based on a distortion of historical reality and shared by all family members, which help shape the rules governing family functioning are known as:
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family myths
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Within experiential therapy, the ____________ is believed to be the essential healing force in the psychotherapeutic process, whereby the therapist establishes caring, person-to-person relationships with each family member while modeling openness, honesty, and spontaneity.
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existential encounter
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Unlike Bowenians, experiential therapists will ____________ then behave in alternately provocative and supportive ways in order to help families learn to express honest emotion.
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raise the level of anxiety in the family
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An important concept in experiential family therapy–defined as the process of developing and fulfilling one’s innate, positive potentialities.
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self-actualization
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The primary goals of experiential family therapy include all except which of the following?
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symptom relief
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The use of high-probability behavior to reinforce low-probability behavior is known as:
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Premack principle
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According to Jacobson and Margolin, behavioral marital therapists prefer to use ________ to identify problems and understand their etiology.
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b and c written questionnaires direct observation