Family and Religion

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Family
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A social institution that unites people in cooperative groups to oversee the bearing and raising of children.
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Marriage
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Is a legal relationship, usually involves economic cooperation, usually involves sexual activity and childbearing, expected to be lasting.
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Extended Family
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A family composed of parents and children as well as other kin; also known as a consanguine family.
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Nuclear Family
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A family composed of one or two parents and their children; also known as a conjugal family.
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Endogamy
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Marriage between people of the same social category.
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Exogamy
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Marriage between people of different social categories.
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Homogamy
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Marriage between people with the same social characteristics.
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Matriacrchy
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A form of social organization in which female dominate males.
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Patriarchy
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A form of social organization in which males dominate females.
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Egalitarian
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Is a political doctrine that holds that all people should be treated as equals and have the same political, economic, social, and civil rights.
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Social Exchange Theory
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Describes courtship and marriage as forms of negotiation determining what each individual can offer the other and bring into the relationship.
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Courtship
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Based on romantic love is central to mate selection in the U.S.
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Child-rearing
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Family size has decreased
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Later life
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Final transition ends with the death of a spouse.
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Social Class
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Influences partner’s expectations regarding marriage.
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Race and Ethnicity
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Cultural variations are brought into the marriage, interracial marriages.
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Gender
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Men and women experience marriage differently.
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Divorce
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Four in ten marriages will end.
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Structural Functional Approach to Family
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Backbone of society performing the following tasks: socialization, regulation of sexual activity, social placement, material and emotional security.
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Social Conflict Approach to Family
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Central to our way of life as it perpetuates social inequality. Property and inheritance, patriarchy, race and ethnicity, although inequality may exist the family carries out functions of society not easily accomplished by other means.
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Symbolic Interaction Approach to Family
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A micro-level approach as individual’s experience and shape family life through the development of emotional bonds.
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Cohabituation
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The sharing of a household by an unmarried couple.
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Religion
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A matter of faith, belief anchored in conviction rather than scientific evidence. Refers to a social institution involving beliefs and practices based on a conception of the sacred.
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Sacred
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Set apart as extraordinary inspiring awe and reverence.
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Faith
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Belief based on conviction rather than on scientific evidence.
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Structural Functional Approach to Religion
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Addresses the functions of religion. Social cohesion social control provides a sense of purpose and meaning.
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Social Conflict Approach to Religion
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Marx noted that religion tends to legitimize inequality and the status quo endorsing patriarchy. \”The opiate of the people.\”
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Symbolic Interaction Approach to Religion
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Explains that we socially construct religious beliefs; we are especially likely to seek religious meaning when faced with life’s uncertainties and disruptions.

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