Eyes and Ears

Blepharitis
inflammation of the eyelid

Blepharoptosis
drooping of the eyelid

Conjunctivitis
inflammation of the conjunctiva

Dacryocystitis
inflammation of the tear (lacrimal) sac

Diplopia
double vision

Keratitis
inflammation of the cornea

Keratomalacia
softening of the cornea

Ophthalmalgia
pain in the eye

Ophthalmoplegia
paralysis of the eye (muscle)

Photophobia
abnormal fear of (sensitivity to) light

Retinoblastoma
tumor arising from a developing retinal cell

Retinopathy
(any noninflammatory) disease of the retina

Xerophthalmia
condition of dry eye

Astigmatism
defective curvature of the refractive surface of the eye

Cataract
clouding of the lens of the eye

detached
retina separation of the retina from the choroid in back of the eye

glaucoma
eye disorder characterized by optic nerve damage usually caused by the abnormal increase of intraocular pressure

hyperopia
farsightedness

macular
degeneration progressive deterioration of the portion of the retina called the macula lutea, resulting in loss of central vision

myopia
nearsightedness

nyctalopia
poor vision at night or in faint light

nystagmus
involuntary, jerking movements of the eyes

pinguecula
yellowish mass on the conjunctiva; may become a pterygium

presbyopia
impaired vision as a result of aging

strabismus
abnormal condition of squint or crossed eyes caused by the visual axes not meeting at the same point

sty
infection of an oil gland of the eyelid

Blepharoplasty
surgical repair of the eyelid

Keratoplasty
surgical repair of the cornea

Surgical
Terms Not Built from Word Parts

Enucleation
surgical removal of the eyeball

LASIK
laser procedure that reshapes the corneal tissue beneath the surface of the cornea to correct astigmatism, hyperopia, and myopia

Phacoemulsification
method to remove cataracts in which an ultra-sonic needle probe breaks up the lens, which is then aspirated

PRK
photorefractive keratectomy, procedure for the treatment of nearsightedness in which an Excimer laser is used to reshape (flatten) the corneal surface by removing a portion of the cornea

retinal
photocoagulation procedure to repair tears in the retina by use of an intense, precisely focused light beam, which causes coagulation of the tissue protein

scleral
buckling procedure to repair a detached retina in which a strip of sclera is resected or folded and an exoplant is used

trabeculectomy
surgical creation of a drain to reduce intraocular pressure

vitrectomy
surgical removal of all or part of the vitreous humor

Diagnostic
Terms Built from Word Parts

ophthalmoscope
instrument used for visual examination of the eye (interior)

ophthalmoscopy
visual examination of the eye

optometry
measurement of vision (visual acuity and the prescribing of corrective lenses)

pupillometer
instrument used to measure the pupil (diameter)

pupilloscope
instrument used for visual examination of the pupil

retinoscopy
visual examination of the retina

tonometer
instrument used to measure pressure (within the eye)

tonometry
measurement of pressure (within the eye)

Binocular
pertaining to two or both eyes

Corneal
pertaining to the cornea

Intraocular
pertaining to within the eye

Lacrimal
pertaining to tears or tear ducts

Nasolacrimal
pertaining to the nose and tear ducts

Ophthalmic
pertaining to the eye

Ophthalmologist
physician who studies and treats diseases of the eye

Ophthalmology
study of the eye

Ophthalmopathy
(any) disease of the eye

Optic
pertaining to vision

Papillary
pertaining to the pupil

Retinal
pertaining to the retina

Miotic
agent that constricts the pupil

Mydriatic
agent that dilates the pupil

Optician
specialist who fills prescriptions for lenses (cannot prescribe lenses)

Optometrist
health professional who prescribes corrective lenses and/or eye exercises

visual
acuity sharpness of vision

Mastoiditis
inflammation of the mastoid bone

Myringitis
inflammation of the tympanic membrane (eardrum)

Otalgia
pain in the ear

Otorrhea
discharge from the ear

Tympanitis
inflammation of the middle ear

Ménière disease
chronic disease of the inner ear characterized by dizziness, ringing in the ear and hearing loss

otitis externa
inflammation of the outer ear

otitis media
inflammation of the middle ear

presbycusis
hearing impairment in old age

tinnitus
ringing in the ears

vertigo
a sense that either one’s own body or the environment is revolving

cochlear
implant implant pertaining to the cochlea (prosthetic device to provide hearing)

mastoidectomy
excision of the mastoid bone

Audiogram
(graphic) record of hearing

Audiometer
instrument used to measure hearing

Audiometry
measurement of hearing

Otoscope
instrument used for visual examination of the ear

Otoscopy
visual examination of the ear

Tympanometer
instrument used to measure middle ear (function)

Tympanometry
measurement (of movement) of the tympanic membrane

Audiologist
one who studies and specializes in hearing

Audiology
study of hearing

Aural
pertaining to the ear

Cochlear
pertaining to the cochlea

Otologist
physician who studies and treats diseases of the ear

Otology
study of the ear (branch of medicine that deals with diseases of the ear)

Otorhinolaryngologist
physician who studies and treats diseases of the ear, nose, and larynx (throat)