Extra Practice

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Employers today rely on knowledge workers’ _____ skills to keep them competitive.
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computer
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The term computer _____ best describes the level of technology skills needed in today’s business.
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fluency
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A(n) _____ is classified as a special-purpose computer.
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iPod
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A general-purpose computer relies on the _____ being used to perform an activity.
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software
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A computer relies on the combination of _____ and _____ to operate.
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hardware, software
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A computer that manages information uses a _____ to organize and deliver it.
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database
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A byte can represent up to _____ units of information.
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256
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Depending on the _____ used, a byte can represent either a letter or a color.
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encoding
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A computer uses _____ to display an image after it has been digitized.
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pixels
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Digitizing the things we sense typically requires an analog-to-_____ conversion.
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digital
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Personal music videos that combine user generated photos with chart music is a good example of _____.
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digital convergence
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Thanks to _____, voice and data traveling together through our telecommunications lines will be seamless.
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VoIP
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ASCII is the standard used to represent _____ in digital form – with 1s and 0s.
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keyboard characters
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The _____ encoding scheme has arisen to take over for ASCII for many applications.
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UTF-8
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A number system referred to as _____ is used to represent color in digital graphics.
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hexadecimal
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What two digits represent the binary number system?
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0 and 1
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Typical _____ computing providers deliver common software online that are accessed from another Web service or software.
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cloud
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Users of iPods and iPhones are well acquainted with the process of _____ files.
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synchronizing
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In a _____ network, a centrally located server allows individuals to access and share common data.
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distributed
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A _____ is an example of a computer assigned to a special task.
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kiosk
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The _____ computer platform provides a lot of computing power, such as gaming, at a single location.
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desktop
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A popular term used to identify devices such as the iPad is known as a _____.
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Tablet PC
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One thing to consider when choosing a mobile device is _____.
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battery life
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A Kindle is an example of a(n) _____ computer.
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special-purpose
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A large tower case that houses a desktop PC’s circuit boards is known as the _____.
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system unit
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Cloud computing is not possible without _____.
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an Internet connection
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All of the following are examples of uses for embedded systems EXCEPT _____.
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cloud computers
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The most powerful type of computer is a _____.
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supercomputer
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A(n) _____ computer is among the largest, fastest, or most powerful computers.
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super
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A(n) _____ server stores and delivers Web pages and content.
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Web
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The speed of the _____ dictates how fast the processor can process data.
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internal clock
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A gaming system takes advantage of _____ processors to power up its speed and performance.
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multicore
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Integrated circuits are also known as _____.
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microchips
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Moore’s Law states that the number of transistors on a chip will double about every _____.
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two years
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The specifications of a computer usually include the speed of the _____ bus.
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front side
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The _____ is the key, active component in practically all modern electronics.
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transistor
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Transistors allow for the control of the flow of _____.
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electrons
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All of the following are kinds of multicore processors EXCEPT _____.
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oct-core
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The size and shape of the _____ influence what a system component may look like.
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motherboard
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A typical desktop computer has its _____, main memory, and other essential components connected to the motherboard.
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microprocessor
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An example of a storage _____ is a DVD drive.
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device
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Most of today’s PCs come equipped with at least 512 _____ of video memory.
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megabytes
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ROM is used for important programs like the _____ which tells the computer how to start.
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BIOS
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The _____ rate for a hard disk drive is much slower than that of solid-state storage.
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access
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Random Access Memory is considered _____ storage.
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primary
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The task of video _____ is to serve as a buffer between the processor and the monitor.
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memory
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Video memory acts as a(n) _____ between the microprocessor and the display.
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buffer
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_____ consists of programs and data from the computer manufacturer, including the boot process used to start the computer.
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Firmware
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Magnetics disks are a _____ access storage medium.
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direct
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Solid-state storage is quickly replacing _____ for storing data in small devices.
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microdrives
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Two types of _____ include commands and user responses.
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input
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Business typically use _____ to output large maps and designs.
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plotters
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Display size is measured _____.
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diagonally
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Large retail stores use _____ terminals to track purchases and inventory.
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POS
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Music speakers are classified as _____ devices.
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output
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A video card can be found inside the computer, plugged into the _____.
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motherboard
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Video cards have their own _____.
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memory
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An all-in-one _____ combines functions such as faxing and scanning.
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printer
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Output that you can feel is called _____ output.
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haptic
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Through the use of _____, surgeons can operate on patients from a remote location.
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virtual reality
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Understanding the _____ design for a software task is the first step in writing the program code.
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logical
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A _____ allows different applications from different sources to communicate with each other over the Internet.
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web service
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Which of the following is NOT an object-oriented programming language?
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UNIX
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The use of a(n) _____ programming interface, along with a software development kit, allows all levels of programmers to develop applications for various devices.
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application
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A PC comes with all of the following EXCEPT _____.
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custom software
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_____ software is mass-produced and distributed in large quantities for general use.
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Off-the-shelf
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Acquiring software through _____ gives you a chance to \”test drive\” the product before purchasing it.
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shareware
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A specific software program developed for a particular company or organization is called _____ software.
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contract
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Small businesses can take advantage of _____ software in the cloud to keep track of their customers and everyday transactions.
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CRM (customer relationship management)
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Salesforce.com is an example of _____ as applied to customer relationship management.
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SaaS (Software as a Service)
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_____ licenses grant licensees the right to copy, modify, and redistribute source code.
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Open-source
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The _____ license was designed to fill the gap between full copyright and public domain options for authors, artists, and educators.
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Creative Commons
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A printer requires that its _____ is installed on the computer in order to operate.
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device driver
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Which of the following uses the New Technology File System (NTFS)?
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Windows 7
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The most recent version of Windows is _____.
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Windows 7
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The _____operating system is the foundation of the Mac OS X.
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UNIX
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Linux is _____ software, which means users can manipulate the source code to make the OS behave differently.
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open-source
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The Apple iPhone provides access to tens of thousands of applications provided by software developers using the iPhone _____.
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SDK (Software Development Kit)
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A cell phone’s _____ operating system is not released to users and developers.
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proprietary
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All of the following are network operating systems EXCEPT _____.
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Windows Me
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Through the use of _____, one physical server can run several server operating systems.
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virtual servers
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An industrial operating system works with a large computer system requiring a _____.
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server
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Google Docs, classified as _____, allows multiple users to share and edit a common document from different locations over the Web.
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groupware
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Which of the following is a free, open-source productivity suite?
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OpenOffice.org
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Spreadsheet software, such as _____ 2010, is excellent for making complicated calculations, creating \”what-if\” scenarios, and creating graphs.
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Excel
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With presentation software, you can select a(n) _____ for a type of presentation, such as recommending a strategy for managers, or communicating bad news to a salesforce.
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template
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The difference between a cell phone and a smart phone is its _____.
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connection to the Internet
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When installing software from the web, be sure to first review the _____ file before you begin.
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README
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Software _____ consist of one or more defects or problems that prevent the software from working as intended or working at all.
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bugs
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To remove software in Mac OS, drag the program icon from the _____ window to the trash can.
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Applications
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The internet uses _____ that allow(s) different types of networks to communicate.
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protocols
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Creating a _____ allows you to connect computers together and share resources such as files, software, processors, storage, and printers.
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network
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A _____ computer is typically a powerful computer that can accommodate a large amount of user requests simultaneously.
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server
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When a domain name’s IP address is compromised due to _____, the IP address is usually replaced with a malicious web site.
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pharming
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A database of root domain name server oversees and tracks all _____ and domain names.
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Internet addresses
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Combining voice, video, and data communications into one interface is known as _____ communications.
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unified
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A(n) _____ is an element in an electronic document – a work, a phrase, or an image – that, when clicked, opens a related document.
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hyperlink
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The _____ protocol is commonly used for Web browsers to communicate with Web servers.
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HTTP
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A popular Web server software today is _____.
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Apache
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HTML is also known as _____ Markup Language.
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Hypertext
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Web developers use _____ to categorize and classify content when creating a Web page.
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XML
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_____ can be applied to more than one Web page producing a Web site with consistent design and appearance.
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Cascading Style Sheets
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An evolving extension of the Web, known as the _____ Web, will access information more intelligently and perform tasks on behalf of users.
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semantic
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A Cascading Style Sheet file can be identified by its _____ extension.
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.css
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Cookie files contain _____.
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data
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The most popular software to manage podcasts is _____.
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Apple iTunes
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The most popular search engines use _____ to store information about Web pages.
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a database
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A search engine attempts to catalog every Web page by topic through the use of a _____.
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spider
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A Web _____ is a Web page that combines useful information and links and acts as an entry point to the Web.
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portal
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Using a form of _____ communication requires all participants to be engaged in communication at the same time.
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sychronous
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A popular compressed music format is _____.
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MP3
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As Internet _____ continue(s) to increase, streaming video and television are becoming commonplace.
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bandwith
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A(n) _____ online game is text-based and very interactive.
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MUD
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Sometimes Web applications can be integrated into a(n) _____ to offer greater value to users.
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mashup
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Through the use of a _____, users can freely express their views and opinions.
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blog
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The _____ Web knows all, and delivers the information you need before you even ask for it.
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semantic
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In a _____ portal, a user can access information related to their specific company, including communications tools for collaboration.
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corporate
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The reason on-line content cannot always be trusted is the lack of _____ on the Web.
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quality control
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Many colleges use a product called _____ to integrate a Web environment into its curriculum.
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Blackboard
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Which of the following may be considered an unsafe way to download music due to copyright issues?
answer

BitTorrent

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