Ethyl laurate C14H28O2 structure

C14H28O2 structure
Molecular Formula C14H28O2
Average mass 228.371 Da
Density 0.9±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point 269.0±0.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Flash Point 118.6±6.9 °C
Molar Refractivity 68.7±0.3 cm3
Polarizability 27.2±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension 29.6±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume 263.1±3.0 cm3
  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
    • Appearance:

      Colourless, oily liquid with a fruity, floral odour Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Ethyl dodecanoate
    • Safety:

      CAUTION: May irritate eyes, skin, and respiratory tract Alfa Aesar A11188
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      1580 (estimated with error: 47) NIST Spectra mainlib_229100, replib_10881, replib_249096
      1558 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 106332; Active phase: SPB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Riu-Aumatell, M.; Castellari, M.; Lopez-Tamames, E.; Galassi, S.; Buxaderas, S., Characterisation of volatile compounds of fruit juices and nectars by HS/SPME and GC/MS, Food Chem., 87, 2004, 627-637.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1582 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 106332; Active phase: SPB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Riu-Aumatell, M.; Castellari, M.; Lopez-Tamames, E.; Galassi, S.; Buxaderas, S., Characterisation of volatile compounds of fruit juices and nectars by HS/SPME and GC/MS, Food Chem., 87, 2004, 627-637.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1578 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.33 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 160 C; CAS no: 106332; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas-liquid chromatographic analyses. XLIII. Retention increments for 2-chloro-, 2,2-dichloro- and 2,2,2-trichloroethyl esters of aliphatic C2-C20 n-alkanoic acids on SE-30 and OV-351 capillary columns, J. Chromatogr., 329, 1985, 43-56., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.33 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 180 C; CAS no: 106332; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas-liquid chromatographic analyses. XLIII. Retention increments for 2-chloro-, 2,2-dichloro- and 2,2,2-trichloroethyl esters of aliphatic C2-C20 n-alkanoic acids on SE-30 and OV-351 capillary columns, J. Chromatogr., 329, 1985, 43-56., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 210 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 106332; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Takeoka, G.R.; Buttery, R.G.; Flath, R.A., Volatile constituents of Asian pear (Pyrus serotina), J. Agric. Food Chem., 40, 1992, 1925-1929., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 210 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 106332; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Takeoka, G.R.; Flath, R.A.; Mon, T.R.; Teranishi, R.; Guentert, M., Volatile Constituents of Apricot (Prunus armeniaca), J. Agric. Food Chem., 38(2), 1990, 471-477.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1579 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 210 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 106332; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Takeoka, G.R.; Buttery, R.G.; Flath, R.A., Volatile constituents of Asian pear (Pyrus serotina), J. Agric. Food Chem., 40, 1992, 1925-1929., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 210 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 106332; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Takeoka, G.R.; Flath, R.A.; Mon, T.R.; Teranishi, R.; Guentert, M., Volatile Constituents of Apricot (Prunus armeniaca), J. Agric. Food Chem., 38(2), 1990, 471-477.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1576 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.33 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 140 C; CAS no: 106332; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas-liquid chromatographic analyses. XLIII. Retention increments for 2-chloro-, 2,2-dichloro- and 2,2,2-trichloroethyl esters of aliphatic C2-C20 n-alkanoic acids on SE-30 and OV-351 capillary columns, J. Chromatogr., 329, 1985, 43-56.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1577 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.33 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 200 C; CAS no: 106332; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas-liquid chromatographic analyses. XLIII. Retention increments for 2-chloro-, 2,2-dichloro- and 2,2,2-trichloroethyl esters of aliphatic C2-C20 n-alkanoic acids on SE-30 and OV-351 capillary columns, J. Chromatogr., 329, 1985, 43-56., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 106332; Active phase: CP Sil 8 CB; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Tayoub, G.; Schwob, I.; Bessiere, J.-M.; Masotti, V.; Rabier, J.; Ruzzier, M.; Viano, J., Composition of volatile oils of Styrax (Styrax officinalis L.) leaves at different phenological stages, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 34, 2006, 705-709.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1588 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.33 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 220 C; CAS no: 106332; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas-liquid chromatographic analyses. XLIII. Retention increments for 2-chloro-, 2,2-dichloro- and 2,2,2-trichloroethyl esters of aliphatic C2-C20 n-alkanoic acids on SE-30 and OV-351 capillary columns, J. Chromatogr., 329, 1985, 43-56.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1581 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C=>2C/min=>60C=>4C/min=>260C; CAS no: 106332; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Andrade, E.H.A.; Santos, A.S.; Zoghbi, M.G.B.; Maia, J.G.S., Volatile constituents of fruits of Astrocarium vulgare Mart. and Bactris gasipaes H.B.K. (Arecaceae), Flavour Fragr. J., 13, 1998, 151-153.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1844 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 240 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 106332; Active phase: Supelcowax; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Riu-Aumatell, M.; Castellari, M.; Lopez-Tamames, E.; Galassi, S.; Buxaderas, S., Characterisation of volatile compounds of fruit juices and nectars by HS/SPME and GC/MS, Food Chem., 87, 2004, 627-637.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1850 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 106332; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Wong, K.C.; Teng, Y.E., Volatile Components of Mimusops elengi L. Flowers, J. Essent. Oil Res., 6, 1994, 453-458.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1847 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 106332; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Umano, K.; Shoji, A.; Hagi, Y.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile constituents of peel of quince fruit, Cydonia oblonga Miller, J. Agric. Food Chem., 34(4), 1986, 593-596.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1840 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 160 C; CAS no: 106332; Active phase: OV-351; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas-liquid chromatographic analyses. XLIII. Retention increments for 2-chloro-, 2,2-dichloro- and 2,2,2-trichloroethyl esters of aliphatic C2-C20 n-alkanoic acids on SE-30 and OV-351 capillary columns, J. Chromatogr., 329, 1985, 43-56.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1842 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 106332; Active phase: OV-351; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas-liquid chromatographic analyses. XLIII. Retention increments for 2-chloro-, 2,2-dichloro- and 2,2,2-trichloroethyl esters of aliphatic C2-C20 n-alkanoic acids on SE-30 and OV-351 capillary columns, J. Chromatogr., 329, 1985, 43-56.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1846 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 200 C; CAS no: 106332; Active phase: OV-351; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas-liquid chromatographic analyses. XLIII. Retention increments for 2-chloro-, 2,2-dichloro- and 2,2,2-trichloroethyl esters of aliphatic C2-C20 n-alkanoic acids on SE-30 and OV-351 capillary columns, J. Chromatogr., 329, 1985, 43-56.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1860 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 140 C; CAS no: 106332; Active phase: OV-351; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas-liquid chromatographic analyses. XLIII. Retention increments for 2-chloro-, 2,2-dichloro- and 2,2,2-trichloroethyl esters of aliphatic C2-C20 n-alkanoic acids on SE-30 and OV-351 capillary columns, J. Chromatogr., 329, 1985, 43-56.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1873 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 220 C; CAS no: 106332; Active phase: OV-351; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas-liquid chromatographic analyses. XLIII. Retention increments for 2-chloro-, 2,2-dichloro- and 2,2,2-trichloroethyl esters of aliphatic C2-C20 n-alkanoic acids on SE-30 and OV-351 capillary columns, J. Chromatogr., 329, 1985, 43-56.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1874 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 180 C; CAS no: 106332; Active phase: OV-351; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas-liquid chromatographic analyses. XLIII. Retention increments for 2-chloro-, 2,2-dichloro- and 2,2,2-trichloroethyl esters of aliphatic C2-C20 n-alkanoic acids on SE-30 and OV-351 capillary columns, J. Chromatogr., 329, 1985, 43-56.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1833 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 190 C; CAS no: 106332; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Tressl, R.; Friese, L.; Fendesack, F.; Koppler, H., Gas chromatographic–mass spectrometric investigation of hop aroma constituents in beer, J. Agric. Food Chem., 26(6), 1978, 1422-1426.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Lee):

      267.6 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 285 C; End time: 29.5 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 106332; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Donnelly, J.R.; Abdel-Hamid, M.S.; Jeter, J.L.; Gurka, D.F., Application of gas chromatographic retention properties to the identification of environmental contaminants, J. Chromatogr., 642, 1993, 409-415.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      1582 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35 0C (2 min) ^ 1 0C/min -> 90 0C ^ 3 0C/min -> 220 0C; CAS no: 106332; Active phase: SPB-1; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Borse, B.B.; Rao, L.J.M.; Ramalaksmi, K.; Raghavan, B., Chemical composition of volatiles from coconut sap (neera) end effect of processing, Food Chem., 101, 2007, 877-880.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1576 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(10min) =>2C/min =>200C(1min) =>2C/min =>250C (10min); CAS no: 106332; Active phase: SPB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Bosch-Fuste, J.; Riu-Aumatell, M.; Guadayol, J.M.; Caixach, J.; Lopez-Tamames, E.; Buxaderas, S., Volatile profiles of sparkling wines obtained by three extraction methods and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis, Food Chem., 105, 2007, 428-435., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 106332; Active phase: SF-96; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Fagan, G.L.; Kepner, R.E.; Webb, A.D., Additional volatile components of Palomino film sherry, Am. J. Enol. Vitic, 33(1), 1982, 47-50., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4.3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 285 C; CAS no: 106332; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Tesevic, V.; Nikicevic, N.; Jovanovic, A.; Djokovic, D.; Vujisic, L.; Vuckovic, I.; Bonic, M., Volatile components from old plum brandies, Food Technol. Biotechnol., 43(4), 2005, 367-372.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1588 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 106332; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 0.15 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ouattara, L.; Koudou, J.; Obame, L.C.E.; Karou, D.S.; Traore, A.; Bessiere, J.M., Chemical composition and antibacterial activity of Cochlospermum planchoni Hook. f. ex Planch essential oil from Burkina Faso, Pakistan J. Biol. Sci., 10(22), 2007, 4177-4179.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1577 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 106332; Active phase: SF-96; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Fagan, G.L.; Kepner, R.E.; Webb, A.D., Additional volatile components of Palomino film sherry, Am. J. Enol. Vitic, 33(1), 1982, 47-50., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 106332; Active phase: SPB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Riu-Aumatell, M.; Bosch-Fuste, J.; Lopez-Tamames, E.; Buxaderas, S., Development of volatile compounds of cava (Spanish sparkling wine) during long ageing time in contact with lees, Food Chem., 95, 2006, 237-242., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.762 mm; Column length: 600 ft; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 0 C; End T: 230 C; CAS no: 106332; Active phase: OV-1; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Schreyen, L.; Dirinck, P.; Sandra, P.; Schamp, N., Flavor analysis of quince, J. Agric. Food Chem., 27(4), 1979, 872-876.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1587.5 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 65 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 106332; Active phase: CP Sil 5 CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.4 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Joulain, D.; Casazza, A.; Laurent, R.; Portier, D.; Guillamon, N.; Pandya, R.; Le, M.; Viljoen, A., Volatile flavor constituents of fruits from Southern Africa: mobola plum (Parinari curatellifolia), J. Agric. Food Chem., 52, 2004, 2322-2325.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1579 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 225 C; End time: 20 min; CAS no: 106332; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lorenz, G.; Stern, D.J.; Flath, R.A.; Haddon, W.F.; Tillin, S.J.; Teranishi, R., Identification of sheep liver volatiles, J. Agric. Food Chem., 31, 1983, 1052-1057., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 30 min; CAS no: 106332; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Peppard, T.L., Volatile flavor constituents of Monstera deliciosa, J. Agric. Food Chem., 40(2), 1992, 257-262., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 106332; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Shibamoto, T., Retention Indices in Essential Oil Analysis, in Capillary Gas Chromatography in Essential Oil Analysis, Sandra, P.; Bicchi, C., ed(s), Hutchig Verlag, Heidelberg, New York, 1987, 259-274., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 210 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 106332; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Takeoka, G.; Butter, R.G., Volatile constituents of pineapple (Ananas Comosus [L.] Merr.), in Flavor Chemistry. Trends and Developments, Teranishi,R.; Buttery,R.G.; Shahidi,F., ed(s), American Chemical Society, Washington, DC, 1989, 223-237., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 106332; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1583 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C => 2C/min =>130C =>4C/min => 250C; CAS no: 106332; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.52 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Teai, T.; Claude-Lafontaine, A.; Schippa, C.; Cozzolino, F., Volatile compounds in fresh pulp of pineapple (Ananas comosus [L.] Merr.) from French Polynesia, J. Essent. Oil Res., 13(5), 2001, 314-318.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1590 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40 0C (2 min) ^ 5 0C/min -> 80 0C ^ 7 oC/min -> 160 0C ^ 9 0C/min -> 200 0C ^ 20 0C/min -> 280 0C (10 min); CAS no: 106332; Active phase: HP-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zhao, Y.; Li, J.; Xu, Y.; Duan, H.; Fan, W.; Zhao, G., EXtraction, preparation and identification of volatile compounds in Changyu XO brandy, Chinese J. Chromatogr., 26(2), 2008, 212-222., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 106332; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.13 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Rapior, S.; Konska, G.; Guillot, J.; Andary, C.; Bessiere, J.-M., Volatile composition of Laetiporus sulphureus, Cryptogamie, Mycol., 21(1), 2000, 67-72.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1580.4 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 100 C; End T: 260 C; CAS no: 106332; Active phase: RTX-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Restek, Restek International, 1999 Product Guide, 1(1), 1999, 578-591, In original 578-591.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1578 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 225 C; End time: 20 min; CAS no: 106332; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lorenz, G.; Stern, D.J.; Flath, R.A.; Haddon, W.F.; Tillin, S.J.; Teranishi, R., Identification of sheep liver volatiles, J. Agric. Food Chem., 31, 1983, 1052-1057., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 30 min; CAS no: 106332; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Peppard, T.L., Volatile flavor constituents of Monstera deliciosa, J. Agric. Food Chem., 40(2), 1992, 257-262., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 240 C; CAS no: 106332; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Shiota, H., Volatile components of pawpaw fruit (Asimina triloba Dunal.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 39(9), 1991, 1631-1635., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 210 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 106332; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Takeoka, G.; Butter, R.G., Volatile constituents of pineapple (Ananas Comosus [L.] Merr.), in Flavor Chemistry. Trends and Developments, Teranishi,R.; Buttery,R.G.; Shahidi,F., ed(s), American Chemical Society, Washington, DC, 1989, 223-237.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1581 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 240 C; CAS no: 106332; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Shiota, H., Volatile components of pawpaw fruit (Asimina triloba Dunal.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 39(9), 1991, 1631-1635.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1570 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 170 C; CAS no: 106332; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: Helium; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Alves, S.; Jennings, W.G., Volatile composition of certain Amazonian fruits, Food Chem., 4(2), 1979, 149-159.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1566.7 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.03 in; Column length: 1000 ft; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 225 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 106332; Active phase: SF-96; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mussinan, C.J.; Walradt, J.P., Volatile constituents of pressure cooked pork liver, J. Agric. Food Chem., 22(5), 1974, 827-831.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1595 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35 0C (5 min) ^ 3 0C/min -> 210 0C ^ 40 0C/min -> 240 0C (10 min); CAS no: 106332; Active phase: BPX-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: se Souza, P.P.; Cardeal, Z.DeL.; Augusti, R.; Morrison, P.; Marriott, P.J., Determination of volatile compounds in Brazilian distilled cachaca by using comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography and effects of production pathways, J. Chromatogr. A., 1216, 2009, 2881-2890., Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C=>2C/min=>60C=>4C/min=>260C; CAS no: 106332; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Andrade, E.H.A.; Maia, J.G.S.; Zoghbi, M.G.B., Aroma volatile constituents of Brazilian varieties of mango fruit, J. Food Comp. Anal., 13, 2000, 27-33., Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60 0C (3 min) ^ 10 0C/min -> 280 0C (1 min) ^ 3 0C/min -> 320 0C (20 min); CAS no: 106332; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Povolo, M.; Pelizzola, V.; Ravera, D.; Contarini, G., Significance of the nonvolatile minor compounds of the neutral lipid fraction as markers of the origin of dairy products, J. Agric. Food Chem., 57(16), 2009, 7387-7394., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 106332; Active phase: BPX-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: se Souza, P.P.; Cardeal, Z.DeL.; Augusti, R.; Morrison, P.; Marriott, P.J., Determination of volatile compounds in Brazilian distilled cachaca by using comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography and effects of production pathways, J. Chromatogr. A., 1216, 2009, 2881-2890., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 106332; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Bicalho, B.; Pereira, A.S.; Aquino Neto, F.R.; Pinto, A.C.; Rezende, C.M., Application of high-temperature gas chromatography-mass spectrometry to the investigation of glycosidically bound components related to cashew applie (Anacardium occidentale L. Var. nanum) volatiles, J. Agric. Food Chem., 48, 2000, 1167-1174.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1597 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C=>5C/min => 160C=>10C/min => 220C (10min); CAS no: 106332; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Demyttenaere, J.C.R.; Sanchez Martinez, J.I.; Tellez Valdes, M.J.; Verhe, R.; Sandra, P., Analysis of volatile esters of malt whisky using solid phase microextraction and dynamic headspace, in 25th International Symposium on Capillary Chromatography, 2002, 1-13., Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C=>5C/min=>220C=>10C/min=>240C(5min); CAS no: 106332; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Demyttenaere, J.C.R.; Sanchez Martinez, J.I.; Verhe, R.; Sandra, P.; de Kimpe, N., Analysis of volatiles of malt whisky by solid-phase microextraction and stir bar sorptive extraction, J. Chromatogr. A, 985, 2003, 221-232., Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C (10min) => 3C/min => 120C => 10C/min =>250C (5min); CAS no: 106332; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ansorena, D.; Astiasaran, I.; Bello, J., Influence of the simultaneous addition of the protease flavourzyme and the lipase novozyme 677BG on dry fermented sausage compounds extracted by SDE and analyzed by GC-MS, J. Agric. Food Chem., 48, 2000, 2395-2400., Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C (10min) => 3C/min =>120C =>10C/min =>250C (5min); CAS no: 106332; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ansorena, D.; Gimeno, O.; Astiasaran, I.; Bello, J., Analysis of volatile compounds by GC-MS of a dry fermented sausage: chorizo de Pamplona, Food Res. Int., 34, 2001, 67-75., Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(1min) =>5C/min => 220C => 10C/min => 240C(2min); CAS no: 106332; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Demyttenaere, J.C.R.; Dagher, C.; Verhe, R.; Sandra, P., Flavour analysis of Greek white wine using solid phase microextraction – capillary GC/MS, in 25th International Symposium on Capillary Chromatography, 2002, 1-16., Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(1min) =>9C/min =>130C =>2C/min =>230C; CAS no: 106332; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Hamm, S.; Bleton, J.; Connan, J.; Tchapla, A., A chemical investigation by headspace SPME and GC-MS of volatile and semi-volatile terpenes in various olibanum samples, Phytochemistry, 66, 2005, 1499-1514., Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(1min)=>5C/min=>180C=>10C/min=>220C(2min); CAS no: 106332; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Demyttenaere, J.C.R.; Dagher, C.; Sandra, P.; Kallithraka, S.; Verhe, R.; de Kimpe, N., Flavour analysis of Greek white wine by solid-phase microextraction-capillary gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr. A, 985, 2003, 233-246., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; CAS no: 106332; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: Nitrogen; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Scrivanti, L.R.; Anton, A.M.; Zygadlo, J.A., Essential oil conposition of Bothriochloa Kuntze (Poaceae) from South America and their chemotaxonomy, Biochem. Systematics Ecol., 37, 2009, 206-213., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 106332; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Guntert, M.; Rapp, A.; Takeoka, G.R.; Jennings, W., HRGC and HRGC-MS applied to wine constituents of lower volatility, Z. Lebensm. Unters. Forsch., 182(3), 1986, 200-204.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1591 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 106332; Active phase: HP-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zhao, Y.; Li, J.; Xu, Y.; Duan, H.; Fan, W.; Zhao, G., EXtraction, preparation and identification of volatile compounds in Changyu XO brandy, Chinese J. Chromatogr., 26(2), 2008, 212-222., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 106332; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Moio, L.; Dekimpe, J.; Etievant, P.; Addeo, F., Neutral volatile compounds in the raw milks from different species, J. Dairy Res., 60(2), 1993, 199-213.) NIST Spectra Isopropyl laurate C15H30O2 structure
    • Ethyl 4-chlorobenzoate C9H9ClO2 structure
    • Ethyl trichloroacetate C4H5Cl3O2 structure
    • Methyl laurate C13H26O2 structure
    • Lauryl laurate C24H48O2 structure
    • 1-Ethyl-3-propylbenzene C11H16 structure
    • benzyl ethyl ether C9H12O structure
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