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Political Science Chapter Test: 5th Grade Social Studies Time4Learning

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laws
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body of official rules and principals that help maintain social order in a community.
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due process
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a civil right established to protect the legal rights of an individual. This is granted to every American as a civil right.
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Democratic
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This type of laws are important because they represent the will of the people who elected the government officials.
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civil conflict
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This type of conflict takes place within a single country.
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citizens
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All persons born or naturalized in the United States
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establishing and enforcing laws
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America has tried to resolve conflict by doing this at the state and federal levels.
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the same ethnic, racial or religious background
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Unlike most countries of the world, the citizens of the United States do not share these.
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Constitution
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American citizens’ civil rights are protected by this.
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international conflict
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This type of conflict takes place among two or more countries.
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laws
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City, state, and national governments make and enforce these so that people can live safely within a community.
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special interest groups
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groups that work to influence public policy
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Vice President
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If the president of the United States is no longer able to serve as President, this person would become President.
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House and Senate
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In order to become a law, a bill must pass through these.
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elected
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In the United States, most government officials are ________ by the people.
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contacting their representatives
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Individuals can try to influence the shape of public policy by contacting their representatives.
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lifetime
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Justices of the Supreme Court are appointed by the president with the consent of the Senate. Justices hold this length of term, unless they resign or are impeached.
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every American citizen
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Obeying the law, attending school, and paying taxes are all responsibilities of these people.
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Korea and Vietnam
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Since World War II, America has become involved in wars in these two Asian countries.
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Speaker of the House
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The next person in line for the presidency after the vice president
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checks and balances
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This system limits the powers of each branch of the government.
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four years
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The term of office for the United States President
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six years
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The term of office for United States senators
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bring peace
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The United States has worked to __________ to the other countries of the world.
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vote
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United States citizens have the right to do this.
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democratic republic
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The United States was the first one of these in the world and continues to be an example for other countries.
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authority
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Power in the United States is exercised primarily through this. Because of the country’s great size, the best choice is for a majority of the people to give permission to leaders to have control.
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The Great Compromise
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Although the Founding Fathers agreed that government should be representative, this measure that divided Congress into two houses, was necessary to reach an agreement among the states.
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bicameral system
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In this system, each state has two seats in the Senate and a number in the House of Representatives in proportion to its population.
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cabinet departments
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The number of these has increased since 1789 because the country has become so much larger and more complex.
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Franklin Delano Roosevelt
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This president was elected for four terms of office from 1933-1945, but did not complete his last term.
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The President Pro Tempore of the Senate
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If the president and vice president are killed, the Speaker of the House would succeed as president. However, if the Speaker of the House does not meet the Constitutional requirements, the next person in line is this.
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Rosa Parks
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She started a movement that was democracy at work by insisting on her rights. This triggered actions that ended in sweeping civil rights across the nation.
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Native Americans
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This group has been the most badly treated by the United States government
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lobbyists
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An accepted way for groups with a common interest to try to influence public policy is the hire these people to track legislation and influence Congressmen.
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Neither President Ford nor Vice President Rockefeller were elected by the people.
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This unusual and undesirable situation occurred as a result of the resignation of President Nixon and Vice President Agnew.
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25th Amendment
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This amendment addressed the important question of what process should be followed if a president is alive but unable to work.
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special committees
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Congressmen know enough to make good decisions about proposed legislation because proposed laws are referred to __________ that can hold public hearings and consult experts.
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Passes a simple majority of Congress and signed by the president
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A proposed bill finally becomes a law after it is passed by a two-thirds vote in the House, then ________.
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committee stalling, filibusters, compromises and presidential veto
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These things usually delay the passing of a bill
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majority party
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This group in Congress can have influence on which laws are passed because the committee chairperson, the majority of the committee, and the majority of the members of Congress are all from this group.
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Congress
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This group has the final say in whether a bill will be made into law, if it is able to override the president’s veto by a two-thirds vote.
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Great Compromise
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The disagreement over how many representatives each state should have was solved with this.
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Native Americans
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Except for these people, all Americans are immigrants or descended from immigrants.
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14th and 15th Amendments
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The government failed in its Constitutional duty regarding freed slaves for many years after the Civil War because these 2 amendments were not enforced in many southern states.
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exercise of free speech and press, and the right to peaceably assemble and present grievances
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These Constitutional rights were used to change public policy regarding civil rights of African Americans.
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discrimination
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The fact that sometimes race, ethnic background, or religion is used as a reason not to hire someone is evidence that this still exists in the United States.
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political parties
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These groups are very effective in influencing public policy because of their large membership, clear statement of purpose, and skill in getting people elected.
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lobbiest
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A person who helps others get their voices herd in Congress.
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public interest group
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Consumer lobbying groups and political parties are examples of these.
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diplomacy and negitiation
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The best alternatives to armed conflict
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United Nations Charter
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This world organization’s charter is modeled after the US Constitution.
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Political party’s platform
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As a candidate for presidency, you have pledged to support this for your party to the best of your ability.
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government reform
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The Constitution allows for this, meaning there is a process by which our government can change to be more helpful to its citizens.
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public policy
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Establishing a fair _______________ is difficult because the interests of one group are almost always in conflict with those of another group.
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Civil War
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The most serious internal conflict faced by the United States.
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War of 1812
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The United States was propelled into this war because they didn’t follow George Washington’s advice to avoid entangling alliances with foreign countries.
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Mexican War
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The Civil war was fought to enforce the Constitution, while this war had no Constitutional basis. This war resulted in 1/3 of Mexico ceding to the United states, extending US territory all the way to the Pacific Ocean.
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Spanish American War
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This war was a result of the US belief that it should protect the democratic rights of people in other countries. President McKinley sent the battleship Maine to Cuba to show support for Cuban’s revolting against Spain. This war resulted in the US gaining control of Puerto Rico, Guam and the Philippines.
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Theodore Roosevelt
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This future president earned his fame in the Spanish American War.
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Monroe Doctrine
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This was an early signal to the rest of the world that the United States would be a world leader.
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great territorial and economic expansion
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These actions helped the United States become a world leader.
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world affairs
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New weapons, world trade and instant communications give us no choice but to be a part of this.
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voting
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The most important responsibility of a citizen of a democratic republic.
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defend their country
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Many men volunteered for the armed services in the World Wars because they wanted to do this.
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paying taxes
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Citizens best support our country by doing this.
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born in the United States
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The president of the united states must be ________
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using your rights to endanger others
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With all the rights to guaranteed to you by the Constitution, this right is denied.
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Rosa Parks
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The Great Compromise
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vote
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United States citizens have the right to do this.
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vote
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