Apex Learning Health Unit 4

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Physical activity that is planned, structured, and involves repetitive body movements.
low/light physical activity
Physical activity that does not increase your heart rate.
moderate physical activity
Physical activity that gets you up and moving and makes your heart beat faster. Will make you slightly breathless, but you will still be able to talk.
vigorous physical activity
Physical activity that increases your heart rate and makes you breathe hard and sweat. Sometimes, this physical activity will make it difficult to talk.
physical activity
A game, sport, exercise, or other action that involves moving your body, especially one that makes your heart beat faster.
physical fitness
The ability to do daily activities without becoming tired.
cardiorespiratory endurance
The ability of the body’s circulatory and respiratory systems to supply fuel and oxygen during sustained physical activity.
muscle strength
The amount of force a muscle can exert, typically in a one-time burst of effort.
muscle endurance
The ability of your muscles to do their job over a period of time without becoming tired.
The ability to move the muscles and joints easily through a full range of motion.
body composition
The ratio of body fat to lean body mass, which includes muscles, bones, water, and connective tissues.
aerobic exercise
Any rhythmic, repeated physical activity that uses either or both your arms and legs and requires a large amount of oxygen for an extended period of time.
isometric exercise
An exercise in which muscles are contracted and held for a few seconds, but the body doesn’t move.
isotonic exercise
An exercise in which muscles move against gravity or a resistance weight for a specified number of times.
anaerobic exercise
Any physical activity that is short, explosive, and depends solely on the energy that is stored in a muscle, not on oxygen intake.
isokinetic exercise
An exercise using special machines that provide resistance and control the speed of contraction within the range of motion.
The ability to quickly change the direction or position of your body.
The ability to maintain your equilibrium against the force of gravity or to keep from falling when still or moving.
The ability to perform a set of movements with proper rhythm and sequencing.
reaction time
The length of time that it takes for you to respond to a stimulus.
The ability to move quickly.
The combination of strength and speed.
FITT formula
A formula that can help you obtain fitness while being physically active. It stands for frequency, intensity, time, and type.
resting heart rate
The number of times your heart beats in one minute when you are not active.
target heart rate
The heart rate you should maintain during exercise to obtain fitness and health benefits.
lifelong physical activity
A physical activity that you enjoy and can do now and for the rest of your life.
A period of non-strenuous activity that slowly prepares the body for physical activity, especially the muscles, by increasing the amount of blood going to the muscles and by raising body temperature.
A period of non-strenuous activity following physical activity that helps the body adjust to the decrease in physical activity with a reduction in pulse and the return of blood to the heart.
The promotion of health products, services, or practices of questionable safety, effectiveness, or validity for an intended purpose.
What is the recommendation for daily physical activity?
60 minutes daily
What are the physical, mental and emotional, and social benefits of physical activity?
1.Teens who play sports do better in school.
2.Physical activity improves your mood.
3.Teens involved in athletics are less likely to be heavy smokers or drug users.
4.Being physically active while you are a teen may decrease your risk of getting certain cancers as an adult.
5.Physical activity doesn’t have to be strenuous to have health benefits.
What are the five components of health-relate fitness?
1. Cardiorespiratory endurance
2. Muscle strength
3. Muscle endurance
4. Flexibility
5. Body composition
How do you calculate your target heart rate?
HR Max=220-age
Low Target Heart Rate=HR Max x .5
High Target Heart Rate=HR Max x .9
What are some internal influences on your physical activity level?
• How much you know about physical activity

• Your lifestyle — what can you afford to do?

• Your likes and dislikes

• Your experiences

• How you feel about yourself

What are some external influences on your physical activity level?
• Your family, friends, peers, teachers, and role models

• Media messages on the Internet, on television, on the radio, in magazines, in newspapers, in books, and on billboards

• Your cultural background

• The community or environment where you live (including your home, neighborhood, and school)

What are some preparations that can help reduce the risk of injury when participating in physical activities?
1. warming up and cooling down
2. wear loose clothing made for comfort, climate, and cleanliness
3. wear leather or cloth shoes made specifically for your activity
4. wear helmets, goggles, and padding if necessary
5. be visible
6. wear sunscreen, sunglasses a wide hat, and clothing to cover up from sunburns
7. drink water
How do you find your resting heart rate?
Find your pulse on your wrist or neck with your index and middle fingers, then count how many beats occur in 60 seconds.

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