English 4 Unit Test
convince her audience that she is unbiased, intelligent, and rarely makes mistakes.
inform her audience that she will work hard to win back the broken trust of her followers.
persuade her audience that she will never make personal decisions that will harm England.
remind her audience that she is the ruler and in charge of enacting laws that protect England.
wealth and upbringing.
age and education.
audience and purpose.
location and gender.
to persuade Parliament that the method of choosing successors to the throne based simply on birthright needs to be revised
to persuade Parliament that her child should not be considered a possible choice for successor to the English throne
to persuade Parliament that simply because she has a child does not guarantee that the child will be a competent ruler
to persuade Parliament how catastrophic it could be if they acted ungraciously toward her or her child
pathos because she is encouraging the troops by explaining exactly why she has faith in them.
pathos because she is encouraging the troops by attempting to elicit their feelings of loyalty.
logos because she is encouraging the troops by reminding them of rewards they will receive.
logos because she is encouraging the troops by listing the reasons England is relying on them.
I do not desire to live to distrust.
I have the body but of a weak and feeble woman.
I have the heart and stomach of a king.
I myself will be your general, judge, and rewarder.
I am come amongst you, as you see, at this time.
She relies on logos by listing for Parliament some of her personal reasons for wanting to remain unmarried and childless.
She relies on pathos by attempting to make the members of Parliament feel sorry for her and the fact that she is unmarried and childless.
She relies on logos by providing reasons why Parliament should not worry about the fact that she is unmarried and childless.
She relies on pathos by making the members of Parliament feel foolish for worrying about the fact that she is unmarried and childless.
I give you all my hearty thanks for the good zeal and loving care you seem to have.
You may well assure yourselves, my meaning is not to determine any thing.
I always continued in this determination, although my youth and words may seem to some hardly to agree together, yet is it most true.
The realm shall not remain destitute of any heir that may be a fit governour, and peradventure more beneficial to the realm.
For though I be never so careful of your well-doing, and mind ever so to be, yet may my issue grow out of kind, and become perhaps ungracious.
She used an appeal to logos when addressing both the troops and members of Parliament.
She used an appeal to logos when addressing the troops and an appeal to pathos when addressing Parliament.
She used an appeal to pathos when addressing both the troops and members of Parliament.
She used an appeal to pathos when addressing the troops and an appeal to logos when addressing Parliament.
. . . it is vitally important to store hard fruit through the whole year.
Place them carefully in your fruit house or “hoard house” on clean dry straw . . .
. . . make sure they are not touching each other . . .
. . . turn them very carefully every month to avoid their collecting moisture.
During the Elizabethan period, food was often scarce.
During the Elizabethan period, houses were very cheap.
During the Elizabethan period, sheep were in short supply.
During the Elizabethan period, food was mainly shipped in.
What is the author’s purpose in this excerpt?
to explain why many Elizabethans tried poaching
to explain why poaching was dangerous
to explain why landowners punished poachers
to explain why poaching often was forgiven
Why does the author use third-person point of view in this excerpt?
The author wants to present factual information effectively.
The author wants to draw the reader deeper into the experience.
The author wants to directly address the audience.
The author wants to persuade the reader of his idea.
Which detail gives implicit information about the modern view of the Elizabethan landscape?
In a society in which people still starve to death, an orchard is not a beautiful thing in itself: its beauty lies in the fact that it produces apples and cider.
A wide flat field is “finer” than rugged terrain for it can be tilled easily to produce wheat and so represents good white bread.
Ranges of hills and mountains are obstacles to Elizabethan travelers and very far from picturesque features you go out of your way to see.
Hills might feature in an Elizabethan writer’s description of a county because of their potential for sheep grazing, but on the whole he will be more concerned with listing all the houses of the gentry, their seats and parks
Which detail from the text best supports the inference that farm animals were very valuable in Elizabethan England?
Taking livestock is theft, and theft is a felony which carries the death sentence.
Killing wild animals that live on another man’s land is also against the law . . .
It is unlikely that you will be hanged for taking a wild animal such as a rabbit . . .
If a gamekeeper attacks you and you defend yourself, you can be charged with assault.
Which ideas are implicitly stated in the excerpt? Check all that apply.
Food was more valuable in Elizabethan times than it is today.
Detached houses are cheaper than large flocks of sheep.
Difficulty in food transportation limited food availability.
Not many Elizabethans ate exotic fruit.
Food was more scarce during the winter months.
More people had food during harvest season
The details from this excerpt support the inference that
even the rich suffered during times of famine.
the laws prevented the rich from hoarding food.
the rich often still prospered while the poor starved.
many of the rich prevented the poor from starving to death.
In such circumstances, storage of food is most important. The principal rule is to have separate places for different types of commodity: dry things can be kept in a pantry with bread and dry linen; wet things are normally stored in the buttery. Wine and meat must be kept apart, and cellars should be avoided on account of their dampness. Meat should be seethed in summer to keep it fresh, then kept in a cool cellar, soaked in vinegar with juniper seeds and salt. Most yeomen will have vats and presses for making cheeses—a valuable source of protein in the long winter season. Similarly, most livestock owners have troughs for salting meat or allowing it to steep in brine.
What is the author’s purpose in this excerpt?
to explain how easy it was to store food properly during Elizabethan times
to explain how the proper way to store food was taught to Elizabethan cooks
to explain the complexities of proper food storage during Elizabethan times
to explain the errors people made trying to store food properly during Elizabethan times
Pig farmers keep their flitches of bacon back in storage until they can get a better price for them later in the winter. Such tactics are made even more profitable by the unhappy fact that harvests can fail, causing local—and sometimes national—food shortages. Large towns are less vulnerable, being part of an international market that sees preserved foods traded long-distance; but much of the countryside is dependent on fresh food. After a poor harvest, prices for all commodities—not just grain—rise dramatically and the poor are unable to make ends meet.
Which detail from the excerpt best supports the inference that food was more consistently available in larger towns?
Pig farmers keep their flitches of bacon back in storage until they can get a better price for them later in the winter.
Such tactics are made even more profitable by the unhappy fact that harvests can fail, causing local—and sometimes national—food shortages.
Large towns are less vulnerable, being part of an international market that sees preserved foods traded long-distance; but much of the countryside is dependent on fresh food.
After a poor harvest, prices for all commodities—not just grain—rise dramatically and the poor are unable to make ends meet.
Which sentence best summarizes the excerpt?
Water was thought to be cold and wet, so it was associated with phlegm.
Elizabethans believed that the balance of the four humors would keep them healthy.
Galen taught Elizabethan doctors about fire, water, earth, and air.
Air was the most important humor because it corresponded with blood.
Which sentence best summarizes the excerpt?
The plague was unavoidable, and unpredictable in regards to whom it would affect.
The plague was associated with filthy cesspits. It was a dirty disease with a foul odor.
People in diseased homes should certainly have left immediately to avoid infection.
The capital was the center of all medical care, and Elizabethans came for treatment.
“Elizabethans do not understand infection and contagion as we do.”
“In 1565 the people of Bristol count up the plague victims for that year and arrive at the figure of 2,070 . . .”
“This last epidemic originates in Portugal and is brought to Devon by mariners.”
“It is ironic that the great naval ships that deliver the English from the Spanish threat bring another danger . . .”
What is the central idea of this paragraph?
Another name for the plague in the 1500s was “the pestilence.”
In 1565 almost 20 percent of the population died of the plague.
The plague was the most deadly disease of the Elizabethan era.
Malaria and influenza killed almost as many people as the plague.
How does the paragraph develop the central idea that Elizabethans suffered from diseases that are unfamiliar to modern readers?
It lists diseases found only in modern England.
It describes the plague in great detail.
It gives a description of the English landscape.
It provides the example of sweating sickness.
Mortimer is a witty writer who adds humor to history.
It must have been horrible to live in Elizabethan times.
Quality health care today is wonderful, but overpriced.
Modern medicine has changed dramatically since the 1500s.
What is the central idea of this paragraph?
Infectious diseases, like the plague, killed many people.
Infectious diseases were a great source of concern.
Elizabethans faced health challenges similar to ours today.
Elizabethans faced a variety of challenges in staying healthy.
How does the paragraph develop the central idea that Elizabethan beliefs influenced their understanding of disease?
It provides details about Galen’s medical training.
It compares modern and Elizabethan techniques.
It details the belief that bodily humors affect health.
It describes popular Elizabethan treatments.
eliminate unnecessary information.
present information in a logical way.
organize details in order of importance.
envision a concept or scenario.
Which theater opened last?
Which sentence accurately describes the progression of events?
Because successful theaters were built outside of the city, many theaters shut down in the suburbs.
Because John Brayne built a new theater, city authorities restricted playhouses.
Because city authorities restricted playhouses, new theaters were built outside city limits and grew to be successful.
Because the Curtain was built in the suburbs, Puritan preachers began to oppose theaters in the city
How does the author effectively show the establishment of Elizabethan theaters?
by using a humorous and lighthearted tone.
by randomly listing when certain theaters were built in the past.
by using a grave and critical tone.
by listing in chronological order when several important theaters were built.
“At the start of the reign the majority of productions are miracle plays . . .”
“. . . a prompter goes to each actor in turn and whispers his speech to him, line by line.”
“. . . people increasingly choose to see secular plays on historical and moral themes.”
“If there are any female parts, these are played by boys dressed as women.
What was the most direct cause of the more passionate performances?
the play The Spanish Tragedy
the new verse forms and conceptual framework
the collaboration of Kyd and Marlowe
the play Tamburlaine the Great
definitions and key terms.
grammar and punctuation.
transitions and introductions.
text structure and style.
“Although many players visit Stratford in Shakespeare’s youth, the town’s corporation prohibits traveling actors from performing there in 1602.”
“The Lord Admiral’s Men have Edward Alleyn: a very tall and powerful man who roars his part as he crosses the stage.”
“You will see people standing in hats with pipes in hand, and women in their headdresses, all chatting, with an eye open for people they know.”
“There are two large columns, both elaborately painted, which support the roof that covers the back of the stage.”
the meaning behind the events
the causal relationships between events
the responses and reactions to events
the factors that influence events
the author’s purpose in describing the events
“Unfortunately this is located too far from the city . . .”
“The queen continues to encourage dramatic art . . .”
“Eight years later Francis Langley erects the Swan . . .”
“Thomas Nashe brings forth his masterpiece . . .”
When is my writing due?
Who will read my writing?
How long should my writing be?
How will I reach my writing goal?
What is the best thing for the writer to add to the paragraph to make it more effective?
a concluding statement
a specific point
a topic sentence
in the topic sentence
before making a point
after making a point
in the concluding statement
memorizes passages of interest.
adopts an attitude toward the text.
summarizes the main topics in the text.
judges it in a careful and thoughtful way.
Which underlined word would be the best to replace in order to create more precise wording?
Identify the author’s purpose.
Analyze elements of the author’s style.
Determine how the style supports the purpose.
Lukas is the author’s style.
In what way is the second sentence effective?
It highlights the number of impoverished people in Elizabethan England.
It explains how the reader can avoid dealing with the hungry poor.
It illustrates how the diet of Elizabethan England can benefit the reader.
It emphasizes why this passage is important to the reader personally.
add a point.
support a point.
introduce a topic.
conclude a topic.
Which sentence would further develop the paragraph by providing evidence to support the point?
In addition to providing facts, the writer uses a variety of interesting words.
The writer repeats the word “deadly” so much that it becomes alarming.
Last night, I couldn’t stop thinking, “Wow,” about what the writer said.
The writer has good control of his language, tone, and point of view.
Which revision uses a subordinating conjunction to combine the two sentences?
The concert attendees roared their approval; meanwhile, the band played a new song.
The concert attendees roared their approval while the band played a new song.
The concert attendees roared their approval, so the band played a new song.
The concert attendees roared their approval and the band played a new song.
How can the passage best be described?
It has all complex sentences.
It has all compound sentences.
The coordinating conjunctions are used incorrectly.
The subordinating conjunctions are used incorrectly.
although we walked to the store
they decided to take a long walk
we were able to arrive on schedule
since they will present their paper
he was unsure how to proceed
Which section of the passage is a dependent clause?
in the waning dark hours just before dawn
the mother raccoon clambered up the side of the tree
where she proceeded to chew a hole in the trunk
she moved into the tree with her two cubs
Which sentence from the passage is complex?
The panther paused to sniff the humid night air.
It heard noises up ahead, but it did not recognize the sounds.
The strange noises continued, and the panther became frightened.
The panther crept into a cave because it was afraid
Which revision changes the dependent clause into an independent clause?
After the conversation with her publisher, because she decided to write an autobiography.
Since the conversation with her publisher, when she decided to write an autobiography.
After having the conversation with her publisher, when she decided to write an autobiography.
After the conversation with her publisher, she decided to write an autobiography.
How should the writer revise the phrase to make it a clause?
by adding a subject and a verb
by deleting the coordinating conjunction
by changing the conjunctive adverb
by replacing the adjectives
While my brother takes his dance class, I go to soccer practice.
We can watch the movie after we’ve finished the book.
I painted my bedroom beige, but my sister painted her room blue.
They like to borrow our telescope when it’s clear enough to see the moon.
Which revision correctly uses a conjunctive adverb to link the two ideas?
Our breath frosted the night air; nevertheless, we lingered outside to study the constellations.
Our breath frosted the night air, yet we lingered outside to study the constellations.
Our breath frosted the night air; but, we lingered outside to study the constellations.
Our breath frosted the night air, however we lingered outside to study the constellations
Which word best fits in the blank?
Which is a possible rebuttal to the counterclaim?
Those solutions may make the road safer, but increasing the driving age is proven to save significantly more lives, according to studies comparing different state laws.
In addition to these solutions, teenagers should not be allowed to drive with other teens in the car, as this also increases the risk that they will get into an accident.
Any law that regulates teenage driving could save lives, whether it increases the driving age, increases the penalty for driving without a seat belt, or limits who can be in the car.
New laws and tougher driver’s education courses are important, because many teenagers drive to school, help drive younger siblings, and drive to after-school jobs.
1. State a claim. 2. State a counterclaim. 3. Provide a rebuttal. 4. Provide a reason. 5. Support the reason with evidence.
1. Provide a reason. 2. Support the reason with evidence. 3. Suggest a claim. 4. Address a counterclaim. 5. Provide a rebuttal.
1. State a claim. 2. Provide a reason. 3. Support the reason with evidence. 4. Address a counterclaim. 5. Provide a rebuttal.
1. State a counterclaim. 2. Provide a reason. 3. Support the reason with evidence. 4. Provide a rebuttal. 5. Restate the claim.
a chart that displays road fatalities in states that have similar driving ages
a chart that displays road fatalities in states that have different driving ages
a chart that displays road fatalities in one state that has a low driving age
a chart that displays road fatalities in one state that has increased its driving age
As a result
As an example
Which is an effective counterclaim to this claim?
The current price of public transportation is necessary for paying workers and maintaining safe equipment.
If public transportation were less expensive, more people would be able to utilize it on a daily basis.
The cost of public transportation at the current rate can really add up for a person who travels to work every day.
A person who chooses to use public transportation has several options, including buying a thirty-day pass.
Which is a potential counterclaim to this claim?
Thousands of trees are cut down each year to make paper napkins.
Using recycled paper napkins is better for the environment than using white napkins.
Cloth napkins can also be harmful to the environment because washing them wastes water and energy.
When paper napkins are bleached white, dangerous chemicals get into our water supply.