EMT Chapter 3 EMS Systems

Flashcard maker : Thomas Alday
Which of the following statements about the patient care report is correct?
It is difficult to prove actions were performed if they are not included on the report.
You and your partner arrive at the scene of a major motor vehicle crash. The driver, a young male, is severely entrapped in his car. He has an open head injury and massive facial trauma. He is unresponsive, is not breathing, and does not have a palpable carotid pulse. You should:
have your partner check for a pulse to confirm that the patient is deceased.
The EMT’s scope of practice within his or her local response area is defined by the:
medical director.
Where would you MOST likely find information regarding a patient’s wishes to be an organ donor?
Driver’s license
Putrefaction is defined as:
decomposition of the body’s tissues.
You arrive at the scene of a motor vehicle-versus-pedestrian accident. The patient, a 13-year-old male, is unconscious and has multiple injuries. As you are treating the child, a law enforcement officer advises you that the child’s parents will be at the scene in approximately 15 minutes. What should you do?
Transport the child immediately and have the parents meet you at the hospital.
In which of the following situations does a legal duty to act clearly exist?
A call is received 15 minutes prior to shift change.
You are called to attend to an elderly patient with an extensive medical history who is now in cardiac arrest. The patient’s family tells you that the patient has a DNR order. There is no paperwork available but the patient does have a MedicAlert bracelet indicating Do Not Resuscitate. You should:
confirm the patient identity and then confirm the DNR by calling the MedicAlert Foundation number on the bracelet.
During your monthly internal quality improvement (QI) meeting, you review several patient care reports (PCRs) with the staff of your EMS system. You identify the patient’s name, age, and sex, and then discuss the treatment that was provided by the EMTs in the field. By taking this approach to the QI process, you:
are in violation of HIPAA because you did not remove the PHI from the PCR beforehand.
In which of the following circumstances can the EMT legally release confidential patient information?
The patient is competent and signs a release form
When is forcible restraint permitted?
When the patient poses a significant threat to self or others
Which of the following general statements regarding consent is correct?
All patients older than 18 years can legally refuse treatment or transport.
When performing his or her duties, the EMT is generally expected to:
exercise reasonable care and act prudently.
Which aspect of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) MOST affects EMS personnel?
Protecting patient privacy
Maintaining the chain of evidence at the scene of a crime should include:
not cutting through holes in clothing that were caused by weapons.
To help protect patients, EMS agencies are required to have __________.
a privacy officer to answer questions
You respond to the home of a 59-year-old man who is unconscious; has slow, shallow breathing; and has a weak pulse. The family states that the patient has terminal brain cancer and does not wish to be resuscitated. They further state that there is a DNR order for this patient, but they are unable to locate it. You should:
begin treatment and contact medical control as needed.
Which of the following components are needed to prove negligence?
Duty to act, breach of duty, injury/damages, and causation
As an EMT, the standards of emergency care are often partially based on:
Locally accepted protocols
Which type of consent is involved when a 39-year-old mentally competent female with a severe headache asks you to take her to the hospital?
expressed
abandonment
unilateral termination of care by the EMT without the patient’s consent and without making provisions for transferring care to another medical professional with the skills and training necessary to meet the needs of the patient
advanced directive
written documentation that specifies medical treatment for a competent patient should the patient become unable to make decisions; also called a living will or health care directive

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