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Educational Psychology – Chapter 1, Woolfolk, 11th Edition

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NCLB
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The No Child Left Behind Act was passed on January 8, 2002. The NCLB was a reauthorization of the ESEA p.5
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ESEA
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The Elementary and Secondary Education Act was passed in 1965. p.5
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What do William James, G Stanley Hall and John Dewy have in common with Socrates, Plato and Aristotle?
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James taught Hall who taught Dewy. p.10
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William James
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Founded field of Psychology in America and developed lecture series entitled “Talks to Teachers about Psychology.” p.10
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G. Stanley Hall
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James’s student, Hall founded the American Psychological Association. p.10
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John Dewy
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Hall’s student, Dewy founded the Laboratory School at the University of Chicago and is considered the father of the progressive education movement. p.10
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Educational Psychology
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A distinct discipline with its own theories, research methods, problems and techniques to apply in research on learning and teaching. p.10
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Descriptive Studies
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Studies that collect detailed info about specific situations using observation, surveys, interviews, recordings, or a combination thereof. p.12
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Ethnography
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A descriptive research approach focusing on life within a group and the meaning of the events to the people involved. p.12
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Participant Observation
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When the researcher becomes a participant in the situation for a better understanding of life in that group. p.12
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Case Study
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An intensive study of one person or situation. p.12
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Correlations
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Statistical description of how closely two variables are related. p.12 (-1.00 through 1.00) .10 = weak relationship .80 = strong relationship
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Positive Correlation
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Indicates that two factors are increasing of decreasing together. p.12
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Negative Correlation
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Indicates that one factor increases as the other decreases. p.12
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Experimental Studies
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Research with experimentation in which variables are manipulated and the effects recorded. p.12
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Participants AKA Subjects
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People being studied chosen at RANDOM. p.12
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Statistical Significant
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Differences in results for experimental studies that did not just happen by chance. p.13
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Field Experiment
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An experiment not conducted in a laboratory. p.13
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Single-Subject Experimental Designs
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The goal of these studies is to determine the effects of therapy or teaching method commonly using ABAB method p.13
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ABAB
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(A) Assess behavior (B) Intervene and note results (A) Remove intervention and assess behavior (B) Reinstate Intervention p.13
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Microgenetic Studies
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The goal of this study is to intensively study cognitive processes in the midst of change as the change is happening. p.13
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Longitudinal Studies
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Studies that take place over time, perhaps months or years. p.14
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Action Research
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Systematic observations or tests of methods by schools or teachers to improve teaching and learning. p.14
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Principle
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Established relationship between factors such as teaching style and student achievement. p.14
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Theory
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A scientific statement based on principles that attempts to explain a phenomenon and make predictions. p.14
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Stage Theory Psychologists
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Piaget, Freud, and Erikson p.16
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Jean Piaget
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(1896-1980) Described the four stages of cognitive development as sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational, and formal p.16
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Sigmund Freud
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(1856-1939) Dream analyst who decided there were the same five stages of psycho-sexual development for everyone. p.16
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Cognitive Development
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Gradual orderly changes by which mental processes become more complex and sophisticated. p.16
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Erik Erikson
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(1902-1994) Synthesized Piaget’s and Freud’s theories into his psychosocial theory. p.17
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Psychosocial Theory
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Interdependent stages with their own goals, concerns, accomplishments, and dangers describing individuals emotional needs to the social environment. p17
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Development Crisis
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Conflict between positive and negative alternatives we may use to resolve a developmental crisis and prepare for the next stage. p.17
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Learning and Motivational Theories
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Behaviorism, Information Processing, and Social Cognitive Theory. p.17
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Behaviorism
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Learning theory that focus on observable behavior. Key concepts: Conditioning, reinforcement, punishment, and cueing. p.17
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A-B-C
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Behaviorism, Antecedent-Behavior-Consequence
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Information Processing
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The human minds activity of taking in, storing, and using information. p.17
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Social Cognitive Theory
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Theory that adds concern with cognitive factors such as beliefs, self perceptions, and expectations to social learning theory. p.17
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Albert Bandura
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(1925-) Established social cognitive theory of learning and motivation to combine behavioral concerns with consequences and cognitive interests in thinking. p.17
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Context
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The total setting or situation that surrounds and interacts with a person or event. p.18
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Zone of Proximal Development
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Phase at which a child can master a task if given appropriate help and support. p.18
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Lev Vygotsky
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(1896-1934) Believed that human activities take place in a cultural setting and cannot be determined apart from those settings. p.18
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Urie Bronfenbrenner
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(1917-2005) Developed the bio-ecological Model that is most widely used today. p.19
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Bio-ecological Model
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A framework to map the many interactive nested social and cultural contexts that affect development. p.19