EDUC 1330 Final Essay

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A federally funded program established in 1965 to improve the basic skills of low-ability students from low-income families is called______
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Title I
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According to education data, the ethnic group that consistently has the lowest high school completion rate is _______
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Hispanic
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All of the following are strategies for reducing the impact of gang activities on schools except ________.
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retaining graffiti on school property as a symbol of gang destructiveness
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All of the following are influences on the culture of school except __
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tax-based programs
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All of the following are characteristics of students at risk for dropping out of school except ____
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performance at or above grade level
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An intervention approach based on a comprehensive service delivery network of teachers, social agencies, and health service agencies is ________.
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the case management approach
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Teachers can rely on identifying at-risk factors as good indicators of ________ in their students.
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potential academic problems
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The incidence of child abuse, poor health, underachievement in school, and attendance problems is higher among children who ________.
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are homeless
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The organizational arrangement whereby academic subjects are taught by teachers who specialize in those areas and students move from classroom to classroom for their lessons is called ________.
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departmentalization
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Groups that see the school as a means of perpetuating their preferred way of life include all of the following except ________.
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public schools
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In a classroom, the physical characteristics of the setting and the social dimensions of the group interact to shape ________.
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the classroom culture
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Mr. Fineday teaches in an elementary school where students do most of their work independently, with a number of teachers providing individual guidance as needed. His teaching area is also large and has movable walls and furniture that can be rearranged easily. Mr. Fineday teaches in a(n) ________.
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open-space school
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Schools that are often the focal point for community life and reflect values and beliefs that tend to be fairly conservative are typically ________.
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rural schools
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Since 1990 the teenage pregnancy, birth, and abortion rates have ________.
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declined
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Between ________ is the most likely time for youth to engage in risk-taking or delinquent behaviors or to be victims of a crime.
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3 p.m. – 8 p.m
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All of the following are true of female and male involvement in suicide except ________.
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students in grade 12 are the most likely to attempt suicide
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The effective school is a caring community of adults who attend to the academic, emotional, and social needs of the children and youth entrusted to its care. This is a metaphor describing schools as ________.
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families
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In regard to equal educational opportunity, evidence exists to demonstrate ________.
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that certain groups are denied equality
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Measures of success for schools include all of the following except ________.
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fewer numbers of children enrolled in special education
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Schools that serve their communities by integrating educational, medical, and social and/or human services are called ________.
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full-service community schools
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A constructivist teacher would expect all of the following learnings from students except ________.
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learning how to ready themselves for work
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A perennialistic curriculum should stress ________.
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students’ intellectual growth in the arts and sciences
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A social reconstructionist curriculum would likely feature all of the following except ________.
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study of the Great Books
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According to the text, all of the following are major philosophical orientations to teaching except ________.
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behaviorism
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According to the text, your behavior as a teacher is strongly connected to your beliefs about all of the following except ________.
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administrators
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An essentialistic curriculum would most likely emphasize ________.
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basic skills
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An existentialist is most likely to believe that ________.
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freedom has rules
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An understanding of philosophy of education is important for all of the following reasons except ________.
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to help you enhance your professionalism in teaching
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Constructivism is based on the notion that ________.
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knowledge is constructed by learners
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John Dewey (1859-1952) believed that ________.
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public school curriculum should derive from students’ interests and needs
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John B. Watson (1878-1958) and B. F. Skinner (1904-1990) are most closely associated with the ________ branch of psychology.
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behavioristic
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Jimmy has submitted a term paper that his teacher suspects was copied from the Internet. In deciding whether to give Jimmy a grade of “F” or have him attempt the assignment a second time, the teacher is confronted with a(n) ________.
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ethical dilemma
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In the progressively oriented classroom, the teacher serves as ________.
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a guide whose primary responsibility is to facilitate student learning
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In the 1950s and 1960s, humanistic psychology became the basis of educational reforms that sought to enhance students’ ________.
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achievement of their potential through self-actualization
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Having a clear educational philosophy can help teachers to ________.
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make appropriate decisions in the middle of a lesson
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Existential philosophy is unique in that it ________.
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focuses on the experiences of the individual
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The most definitive description of the Socratic method can be said to consist of ________.
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holding philosophical conversations
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Teachers’ beliefs about students are based on all of the following except ________.
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their studies of the brain and cognitive changes
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Students who spend a great deal of time learning by rote memorization likely have a teacher who views knowledge as ________.
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the sum total of small bits of subject matter
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Progressivism is based on the belief that education should be student-centered and adhere to all of the following assumptions except ________.
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curriculum should focus on the enduring disciplines of knowledge
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Philosophy is concerned with ________.
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identifying the basic truths about being, knowledge, and conduct
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Perennialism views truth as ________.
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constant
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The professional goals a teacher sets are influenced by all of the following factors except ________.
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college degrees
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When Dewey refers to the general theory of education, he is referencing ________.
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the philosophy of education
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The transmission view of teaching includes all of the following except ________.
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students learn by applying thinking to projects
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All of the following statements concerning the financing of education in the 50 states are generally correct except ________.
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the states have similar regulations for funding schools
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Which of the following is considered to be one of the most controversial educational issues of the twenty-first century in the United States?
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for-profit schools
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All of the following are powers of the states to maintain and support schools except ________.
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the right to fire teachers within local bargaining units
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An approach to school improvement in which teachers, principals, students, parents, and community members manage individual schools and share in the decision-making process is known as ________.
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school-based management
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State-appropriated funds to cover the costs of educating students with special needs are known as ________.
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categorical aid
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At the local level, most funding for schools comes from ________.
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property taxes
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Over the past decade, corporate contributions to education have ________.
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significantly increased
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The responsibility for maintaining schools is primarily a function of the ________.
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states
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Allocating funds according to legitimate educational needs such as low-income students or students with limited English proficiency is called ________.
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vertical equity
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In one of the nation’s most dramatic education reform efforts, the Kentucky Education Reform Act (KERA) required each of the state’s schools to form a school-based management council to set policy in each of the following areas except ________.
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teachers salaries
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Shared governance, administrative decentralization, teacher empowerment, professionalization, bottom-up policy-making, school based planning, and school-based management are all examples of ________.
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school reconstructing
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Ensuring that schools operate in accordance with federal and state guidelines is the responsibility of the ________.
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superintendant
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Supplemental programs to help meet the needs of special school populations are called ________.
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entitlements
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A federal program designed to provide preschool experiences to poor children is ________.
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Head Start
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An influential and extensive federal education program signed into law by President Roosevelt in 1944 is the ________.
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G.I. Bill of Rights
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Advantages of for-profit schools that proponents advocate include each of the following except ________.
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better public relations`
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The highest educational agency in a state is the ________.
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state board of education
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Programs in which states set the same per-pupil expenditure level for all schools and districts are called ________.
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full-funding programs
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All of the following are responsibilities of the state department of education except ________.
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passing legislation related to education
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At the state level, most funding for schools comes from ________.
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sales taxes and income taxes
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Sam is working to make his curriculum multicultural. According to Banks, he should focus on ________.
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a range of groups that differ in their characteristics, experience, and values
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________ refers to a shared feeling of common identity, based on a “common ancestry, culture, history, tradition, and a sense of peoplehood.”
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ethnicity
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Any group numbering less than half of the total population is called a(n) ________.
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minority
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The expanded math, science, and technology programs for females is an example of the passage of the ________.
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Women’s Educational Equity Act
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________ is the way of life common to a group of people consisting of their values, attitudes, and beliefs.
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Culture
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Ms. Williams wants to create a gender-fair classroom whereby the girls in her third-grade class have the same educational opportunities and experiences as the boys. According to the general guidelines, Ms. Williams should do all of the following except ________.
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provide special tutoring for the girls
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The three largest Asian groups are ________, ________, and ________.
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Chinese; Filipinos; Japanese
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To create classrooms that are truly multicultural, teachers must select instructional materials that are all of the following except ________.
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written in several different languages
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________ is committed to the goal of providing all students, regardless of socioeconomic status, gender, sexual orientation, or ethnic, racial, or cultural backgrounds, with equal opportunities to learn in school.
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multicultural eduaction
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Kim is an Indochinese-American student in a California high school. She is doing well academically but her parents worry about the cultural conflicts that she is experiencing. All of the following may be cultural conflicts for Kim except ________.
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the focus on academic performance in society
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The federal poverty level is approximately ________ a year for a family of four.
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$22,000
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A(n) ________ is made up of individuals within a larger culture who share a self-defined racial or cultural identity and a set of beliefs, attitudes, and values.
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ethnic group
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Ms. Bird has developed “cultural immersion” experiences within several cultures to develop an increased understanding and appreciation for others. This is an example of ________.
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multiculturalism
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Ms. Delayne has recently been hired to teach in a Afrocentric school. What would the focus of her school be?
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history and culture for African-American students
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________ is a set of beliefs based on the importance of seeing the world from different cultural frames of reference and on recognizing and valuing the rich array of cultures within our nation and global community.
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multiculturalism
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All of the following are arguments opposed to bilingual programs except ________.
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the research is clear that bilingual programs are not effective
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A strategy for creating a gender-fair classroom is ________.
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encourage more competition between boys and girls
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Frank has two Native-American students in his classroom. According to the text, which of the following classroom strategies may be difficult for Native-American children because of the differences in cultures?
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all of the above
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According to research, ________ contributes most strongly to students’ achievement in school.
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socioeconomic status
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The term that describes uneven education progress between White and Hispanic, Black, and American Indian/Alaska Native is called the ________.
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achievement gap
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________ students have limited ability to understand, read, or speak English, and they have a first language other than English.
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Limited English proficient
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________ is the process of attributing behavioral characteristics to all members of a group.
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stereotyping
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Marco teaches in a secondary school where subjects are taught in both Spanish and English. This curriculum is called ________.
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bilingual education
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Jose is encouraged to be able to function effectively in two or more linguistic and cultural groups. The term used to describe this is ________.
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biculturalism
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All of the following are arguments in favor of bilingual programs except ________.
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The cost of bilingual education is low, therefore the time spent is beneficial.
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Students’ learning styles are determined by ________.
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hereditary and environmental influences
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Tobias is a junior in high school and a member of the National Honor Society. He has spastic cerebral palsy, uses a wheelchair, and participates in regular education curriculum with his peers. Tobias is an example of ________.
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mainstreaming
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During Erikson’s school-age stage, children should be playing seriously, mastering new skills, producing products, being workers, and developing a sense of ________.
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industry
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The period where an individual has a quest for personal meaning that supersedes the regard of peers, moving one toward the establishment of a feeling of efficacy and a more integrated sense of identity is ________.
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late adolescence
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The integration of all students with disabilities into general education classes and school life with the active support of special educators and other specialists is called ________.
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inclusion
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For each stage of Erik Erikson’s model of psychosocial development, the central characteristic in the individual’s emotional and social growth is ________.
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a psychosocial charateristic
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One approach to teaching values and moral reasoning is known as a(n) ________ program, which “promotes the teaching of core values through course curricula.”
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character education
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Tonya is a fifth grader attending her neighborhood elementary school. She is quadriplegic due to a spinal cord injury as a result of a car accident. Tonya receives all her special education services in the regular classroom including occupational therapy and learning disabilities assistance. Tonya’s educational experience is an example of ________.
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full inclusion
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Bridget is transported to school on a special bus that has a ramp for her electric wheelchair. In addition, as part of her school day, Bridget receives occupational therapy for 30 minutes. These are examples of ________.
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related services
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An awareness of and ability to manage feelings, talent in terms of interpersonal relations, and natural leadership abilities are examples of ________.
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emotional intelligences
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In Maslow’s model of a hierarchy of needs, the highest level of need is ________.
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self-actualization
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The theory Lawrence Kohlberg developed involves ________.
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moral development
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A student must be mainstreamed into a general education classroom whenever such integration is feasible and appropriate. This is called ________.
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least restrictive environment
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The two disabilities with the largest percentage of students are ________ and ________.
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speech or language impairments; specific learning disabilities
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Piaget is known for his theory of ________.
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cognitive development
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All of the following may be early indicators of students with learning disabilities except ________.
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highly developed social skills
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According to Howard Gardner’s theory of multiple intelligences, individuals have ________.
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eight types of intelligences
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Robinson (2008) suggests that a common characteristic of teachers who are most likely to be effective teachers of gifted students is that they ________.
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are interested in cultural and intellectual matters
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As children develop physically, their bodies undergo numerous changes. As they develop cognitively, their mental capabilities expand so that they can use language and other symbol systems to solve problems. These are examples of ________.
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stages of development
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While mainstreaming refers to the application to the least restrictive environment clause of PL 94-142, ________ goes beyond mainstreaming to integrate all students with disabilities into general education classes and school life with the active support of special educators and other specialists and service providers.
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inclusion
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In 1990, PL 94-142 was replaced by the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). IDEA included the major provisions of PL- 94-142 and extended the availability of a free, appropriate education to ________.
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children and youth from ages 3 to 21
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According to Piaget, the principal goal of education is to create learners who ________.
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are capable of learning new concepts
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All of the following except ________ are among general characteristics of gifted and talented students.
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highly-regimented cognitive habits
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The psychological issue of adolescence according to Erikson’s theory is ________.
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identity versus role confusion
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Mr. Onofrio is a ninth-grade English teacher and a member of a team that is developing an individual education program (IEP) for one of his students, Karen, who has visual impairments. All of the following are mandated to be part of the IEP team except ________.
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the county social worker

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