Developmental Psychology: The End of Life

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Dying people
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benefit profoundly in their last days and hours from social support responsive to their needs for emotional and spiritual closure
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In most industrialized nations today, doctors rely on __________ to signify death.
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brain death
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The greatest dignity in death is in
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the integrity of the life that precedes it.
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We can ensure the most dignified exit possible by
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offering the dying person care, affection, companionship, and esteem.
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Death anxiety is especially low among adults
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with deep faith in some form of higher force or being
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According to Kübler-Ross, a terminally ill person first reacts to the news that he or she is dying
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by denying the seriousness of the illness.
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According to Kübler-Ross, recognition that time is short promotes
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anger.
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Kübler-Ross’s five typical responses to the prospect of death
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are best viewed as coping strategies
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Family members who __________ can make dying more difficult for a patient.
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play the denial “game”
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For many African Americans,
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a dying loved one signals a crisis that unites family members in caregiving.
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To make dying at home feasible, __________ is essential.
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adequate support for the caregiver
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Crisis intervention services are needed to help survivors cope with
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sudden death.
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Nursing home
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care emphasizes rehabilitation rather than high-quality terminal care
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Hospice
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aims to provide a caring community sensitive to the dying person’s needs.
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A recent study showed that music vigils for dying patients result in
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reduced anxiety.
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Advance medical directives
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state in writing the desired end-of-life medical treatment
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Katherine stated in writing that without reasonable expectation of recovery, she should not be kept alive through medical intervention. This document
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is called a living will.
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The death of a __________, whether unexpected or foreseen, is the most difficult loss an adult can face.
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child

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