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Developmental Psych Test 2.2

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Five-month-old Patricia has learned to clap her hands and play patty-cake when her sister claps her hands and smiles. In which of the following behaviors is Patricia engaging?
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making interesting sights last
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Hugh enjoys playing with your keys. When you take them away and place them in your pocket, Hugh does not search for them. Piaget would say that Hugh does not understand:
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object permanence.
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When infants observe others’ actions and then imitate them at a later time, they have exhibited:
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deferred imitation.
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Verbal skills are necessary for which type of memory?
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explicit
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According to Piaget, the core of intelligence is:
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adaptation.
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Piaget’s stage six of sensorimotor intelligence is known as:
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mental combinations.
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After the child’s vocabulary has reached about 50 expressed words, the vocabulary increases by approximately ______ words per month.
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50-100
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The usual order of the development of spoken language is:
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reflexes, cooing, babbling, spoken words.
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Because of ______, a 10-month-old may later pick up and try to use the scissors that his brother used to cut paper.
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deferred imitation
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In Piaget’s terminology, sensorimotor stage two is described by:
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the first acquired adaptations.
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An infant’s growing awareness of vertical depths and their dangers is mostly due to:
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the experience of crawling.
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Five-month-old Patricia has learned to clap her hands and play patty-cake when her sister claps her hands and smiles. In which of the following behaviors is Patricia engaging?
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making interesting sights last
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When studying infants, there are always problems with:
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fidelity and credibility.
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Learning adjectives is easiest in which languages?
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Italian; Spanish
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As I’m walking with my toddler son one day we see a beautiful rose, and I bend down to smell it. I notice, though, that there is a bee in the rose so I quickly back away. Before I can stop my son, he has already stuck his nose into the rose and has been stung by the bee. Which of the following best explains the differences in our behaviors?
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Because of my life experience, my selective perception of the affordances offered by the combination of the rose and the bee allowed me to know the danger.
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Which of the following statements is true?
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In the final stage of sensorimotor intelligence, toddlers begin to anticipate and solve simple problems by using mental combinations
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Which of the following positively correlates with early onset of the naming explosion?
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the mother’s responsiveness to the child’s language
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During the sensorimotor stage, the main task is to:
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use senses and motor skills to understand the world.
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Verbal skills are necessary for which type of memory?
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explicit
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Piaget’s stage six of sensorimotor intelligence is known as:
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mental combinations.
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Greti’s little girl is deaf and, therefore, we would expect that she would:
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babble manually at about the same time normal children babble.
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Information-processing theorists would describe perception as a(n):
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cognitive process.
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While Piaget’s theory of cognitive development describes cognitive changes in 6 distinct stages of infancy, information-processing researchers have demonstrated cognitive advances:
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on a day-to-day basis during infancy.
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The Piagetian sensorimotor stages that involve the infant’s responses to her own body are:
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stages one and two.
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Which of these stages develops prior to new means through active experimentation?
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new adaptation and anticipation
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Which of the following groups is most likely to ascribe to the idea that “children should be seen but not heard”?
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fathers from low-SES households
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As infants acquire language, they say more ______ than any other parts of speech.
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nouns
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Some studies have found that infants as young as ______ months old can remember.
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3
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Jean Piaget was interested in:
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studying how children think.
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The first two stages of sensorimotor thought involve:
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the infant’s own body.
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Which of the following is a behavior that you would observe in the second of Piaget’s sensorimotor stages?
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an infant grabbing a bottle to suck on
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A technique that measures electrical activity in the cortex of the brain is a(n):
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EEG.
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Newborns prefer:
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speech over most other sounds.
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Once infants begin to interpret their perceptions through the process of adaptation, they are:
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thinking.
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During sensorimotor stage two, an infant:
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begins to adapt reflexes to the environment.
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The process of getting used to an object or event through repeated exposure to it is referred to as:
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habituation.
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Research has found that “baby talk” is:
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characterized by a high pitch, simple vocabulary, and short sentences.
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In which of Piaget’s sensorimotor stages do infants become aware of things and respond to people and objects?
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stage three
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According to Piaget, the core of intelligence is:
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adaptation.
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The use of prefixes, suffixes, intonation, verb forms, pronouns, and other parts of speech are all parts of:
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grammar.
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Which of the following groups is most likely to ascribe to the idea that “children should be seen but not heard”?
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fathers from low-SES households
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You roll a ball across the floor to a baby. The ball rolls out of sight behind a chair. For the first time, the baby crawls to search for it. The baby is probably about:
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8 months old.
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According to Piaget, the stage-five infant is like a:
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scientist who experiments to see.
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Which of the following capabilities is listed in the text as an example of where a baby’s goal-directed behavior comes from?
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enhanced awareness of cause and effect memory for actions already completed understanding of other people’s intentions
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A ______ is an experience that helps people recollect an idea, thing, or event.
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reminder session
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You are holding your 9-month-old son on your lap. You pluck a dandelion that has gone to seed out of the grass and blow the seeds into the air. Your son is fascinated by the flying seeds and reaches out to grab them. This is an example of which of the following?
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secondary circular reactions
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Which of the following is one of the explanations offered in your text as to why English-speaking children use more nouns than verbs when they begin to speak, as compared to children of Chinese or Korean descent?
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Interactions between children and objects are more common in English-speaking cultures, while social interactions are more common in Asian cultures.
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Information-processing theorists believe that perception:
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is something each individual experiences in his or her own way.
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Explicit memory depends on the maturation of which of the following brain structures?
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hippocampus
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That objects continue to exist when they cannot be seen defines:
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object permanence.
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Elain communicates with her new baby in child-directed speech, also known as:
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motherese.
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Which of the following groups is most likely to ascribe to the idea that “children should be seen but not heard”?
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fathers from low-SES households
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An infant’s growing awareness of vertical depths and their dangers is mostly due to:
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the experience of crawling.
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According to research on babies and their emotional affordances, which of the following is most likely to cause babies to smile brightly?
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seeing and hearing their mothers happy
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Which of the following statements is true?
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In the final stage of sensorimotor intelligence, toddlers begin to anticipate and solve simple problems by using mental combinations.
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Verbal skills are necessary for which type of memory?
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explicit
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At approximately what age will a child begin to utter her first two-word sentences?
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21 months
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The behavior of an infant in sensorimotor stage four might best be described as:
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deliberate.
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Once infants begin to interpret their perceptions through the process of adaptation, they are:
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thinking.
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Fourteen-month-old Tony would most likely be in a sensorimotor stage that involves:
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experimentation.
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Sensorimotor stage four is the stage of:
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new adaptation and anticipation.
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Twenty-month-old Hans is thinking carefully before pulling a pot out of the kitchen cupboard because the last time he did this all of the pans fell out and made a loud crashing sound. In which of the following behaviors is Hans engaging?
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making mental combinations
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A baby sticks out its tongue and another person laughs. The baby joins in the laughter and deliberately sticks out its tongue again. Piaget would call this behavior:
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secondary circular reactions.
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Babies between 6 and 15 months understand about ______ times more words than they can actually say.
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10
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Elaine communicates with her new baby in child-directed speech, also known as:
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motherese.
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The usual order of the development of spoken language is:
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reflexes, cooing, babbling, spoken words.
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Once infants become active in exploration and experimentation within their environment, they are engaging in:
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tertiary circular reactions.
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Verbal skills are necessary for which type of memory?
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explicit
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Attempting to eat spaghetti by trying to put a piece in the ears as well as in the mouth is typical of sensorimotor stage:
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stage five.
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Aisha uses “baby signing” to teach her infant son, Ahmed, how to communicate before he is old enough to talk. Ahmed has just started using a few signs in response to his mother. He can make the sign for “more” and “all done” during meals. Ahmed is most likely:
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between 6 and 12 months old.
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Elaine communicates with her new baby in child-directed speech, also known as:
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motherese.
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Piaget’s stage six of sensorimotor intelligence is known as:
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mental combinations.
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The technique that measures changes in blood flow anywhere in the brain is called:
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fMRI.
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Vanna is 14 months old and does not yet respond to any specific words. When she began to babble, she did not respond to her parents’ voices and soon she stopped. Her parents should:
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have her hearing tested.
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Which of the following best summarizes the research conducted by Baillargeon and others regarding object permanence?
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Her research indicates that children have a sense of object permanence much earlier than Piaget believed.
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An infant’s reaction to the visual cliff is supposed to measure her:
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depth perception.
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Which of the following research results provides support for the social impulses theory of language learning?
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Toddlers learn new words best when they are taught in person.
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Sensorimotor stage four is the stage of:
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new adaptation and anticipation
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As early as 5 months old, babies seem to prefer:
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adults who engage in child-directed speech.
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Jacob is 3 months old and is sucking on his pacifier. According to Piaget, he adapted to the pacifier since it does not provide food. This adaptation is a sign that Jacob is:
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thinking.
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That objects continue to exist when they cannot be seen defines:
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object permanence.
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Piaget called the infants’ first period of cognitive development:
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sensorimotor intelligence.
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The behavior of an infant in sensorimotor stage four might best be described as:
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deliberate.
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Which of the following is one of the explanations offered in your text as to why English-speaking children use more nouns than verbs when they begin to speak, as compared to children of Chinese or Korean descent?
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Interactions between children and objects are more common in English-speaking cultures, while social interactions are more common in Asian cultures.
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When Becky’s mother speaks to her, she uses a high-pitched voice, simple words or phrases, and lots of repetition. At four months of age, Becky delights in her mother’s use of:
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child-directed speech.
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On average, children begin saying recognizable words at about:
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12 months of age.
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By 10 months of age, Alan has a vocabulary of a dozen words. B. F. Skinner would have attributed Alan’s rapid speech development mainly to his:
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parents’ talking to him frequently.
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The percentage of all 2-year-olds with a vocabulary of at least 100 words is:
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90.
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During the sensorimotor stage, the main task is to:
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use senses and motor skills to understand the world.
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Which of these stages develops prior to new means through active experimentation?
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new adaptation and anticipation
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Using the word “more” to mean “I want another cookie” is an example of a(n):
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holophrase.
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A particular stage-four baby does not like to get wet. If his mother turned on the faucet and got out his bath towel, the baby might:
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howl and move away from her and the bathroom.
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On average, names for significant caregivers, siblings, and sometimes pets are learned between ______ months.
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12 and 18
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A toddler experimentally varies the way she handles a ball—first squeezing it, then throwing it—to learn what effect each variation has. This child is demonstrating:
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tertiary circular reactions.
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An example of stage-three behavior is:
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looking for a smile and smiling back.
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Makesha is 8 months old. Research on object permanence would suggest that she:
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has limited search abilities.
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Once an infant becomes responsive to other people and to objects, and touches and moves them, she is engaging in:
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tertiary circular reactions.