DE US CH 21- Quizzes and Test!

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President Theodore Roosevelt defined “civilized” and “uncivilized” nations on the basis of race. naval power. economic development. both race and economic development. All these answers are correct.
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Race
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In order to secure control of the Panama Canal zone, the United States carried out the overthrow of the president of Panama. organized a trade embargo against Colombia. assisted a revolution in Panama. purchased the land for the canal from Colombia. surrounded the canal site with a “Great White Fleet.”
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assisted a revolution in Panama.
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The policy idea behind “Dollar Diplomacy” was to create stable governments in less-developed nations. reduce the deployment of troops from the United States to other nations. encourage other nations to peg their currency to the U.S. dollar. financially reward Latin nations that supported the interests of the United States. extend investments and influence of the United States in less-developed regions.
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extend investments and influence of the United States in less-developed regions.
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The diplomatic efforts of President Woodrow Wilson toward Latin America were decidedly non-expansionist. curtailed the use of the military as a tool of diplomacy. became known as the “good neighbor” policy. were similar to those of Theodore Roosevelt and William Howard Taft. were the product of considerable interest and experience in international affairs.
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were similar to those of Theodore Roosevelt and William Howard Taft.
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In his dealings with Pancho Villa, President Woodrow Wilson ordered a military expedition into Mexico to capture Villa. saw American troops capture Villa and bring him to the United States. eventually released Villa in order to smooth relations with the Carranza government. both ordered a military expedition into Mexico to capture Villa, and eventually released Villa in order to smooth relations with the Carranza government. All these answers are correct.
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ordered a military expedition into Mexico to capture Villa.
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In 1914, the “Triple Entente” consisted of Italy, France, and Russia. Great Britain, France, and the United States. Germany, the Austro-Hungarian Empire, and Italy. Great Britain, France, and Russia. Germany, Italy, and Japan.
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Great Britain, France, and Russia.
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On the eve of the Great War, the chief rivalry in Europe was between Germany and Great Britain. Austro-Hungary and Russia. Germany and France. France and Russia. France and Great Britain.
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Germany and Great Britain.
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The immediate cause of war in Europe in 1914 was a struggle between European powers for control of the international diamond trade. the sinking of the British passenger liner Lusitania. the death of Otto von Bismarck in Germany. the German invasion of Poland. the assassination of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand.
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the assassination of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand.
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The German submarine attack on the British liner the Lusitania resulted in the death of more than 100 Americans. True False
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True
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The decision to send the “Great White Fleet” around the world was directed primarily at the country of _______.
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Japan
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The so-called “Zimmermann telegram” was intercepted by agents working for the United States included a proposal for the return of the American Southwest to Mexico. helped weaken public support in the United States for war. revealed plans by Germany to expand the use of its submarine fleet. revealed that Germans were attempting to foment a race riot in the American South.
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included a proposal for the return of the American Southwest to Mexico.
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In March 1917, the United States moved closer to entering the Great War when the czarist government of Russia was overthrown. the Bolsheviks came to power in Russia. Russia asked the Allies to call for an armistice. a German offensive threatened to capture Moscow. Russia and Germany negotiated a separate peace.
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the czarist government of Russia was overthrown.
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As the United States entered World War I, President Woodrow Wilson declared U.S. ground troops would not be used. Britain and France had few reserves of combat-age men. Russia decided to re-enter the war. Germany made plans to surrender. Germany was threatening an invasion of Great Britain.
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Britain and France had few reserves of combat-age men.
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During World War I, extensive systems of trenches were used by both sides because the destructive power of weapons meant soldiers could not live in the open field. because trenches prevented tanks from reaching the soldiers’ positions. because soldiers were safer from poisonous mustard gas closer to the ground. both because the destructive power of weapons meant soldiers could not live in the open field, and because trenches prevented tanks from reaching the soldiers’ positions. None of these answers is correct.
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because the destructive power of weapons meant soldiers could not live in the open field.
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During World War I, technologically-advanced submarines used engines powered by diesel. gasoline. steam. electricity. coal.
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diesel
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The country that lost the greatest number of lives in World War I was Russia. Great Britain. France. Germany. Italy.
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Germany.
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During World War I, the War Industries Board (WIB) was seen as a model for rational organization when led by Herbert Hoover. was plagued by mismanagement and inefficiencies under Bernard Baruch. coordinated government purchases of military supplies. saw itself as an adversary of individual businesses. All these answers are correct.
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coordinated government purchases of military supplies.
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During World War I, the United States government primarily financed the war through deficit spending and currency manipulation. foreign loans and the printing of new currency. private business and banking loans. currency inflation and the sale of gold reserves. public bond sales and new taxes.
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public bond sales and new taxes.
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One of the most important social changes of the war years was the migration of hundreds of thousands of African Americans from the rural South to California to work in defense plants and shipyards. This became known as the “Great Migration.” True False
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False
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Soldiers on both sides carried gas masks at all times in case of a chemical attack of poisonous _______.
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mustard gas`
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In the United States during World War I, the Committee on Public Information (CPI) established strict rules of censorship for journalists reporting on the war. became increasingly sensationalist in its information campaign. criticized the federal government’s reporting of the war. was led by a panel of American military officers. became a haven for pacifists and conscientious objectors.
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became increasingly sensationalist in its information campaign.
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The Sabotage Act and the Sedition Act of 1918 eliminated jury trials for anyone charged under these laws. were most frequently directed at German Americans. were created after the Supreme Court invalidated the Espionage Act of 1917. made illegal any public expression opposing the war. were rarely if ever enforced by the Wilson administration.
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made illegal any public expression opposing the war.
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President Woodrow Wilson’s “Fourteen Points” included a ban on the production of armaments. an end to secret treaties. an international agreement to “outlaw war.” the division of postwar Germany into two countries. recognition of independence for all imperial colonies.
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an end to secret treaties.
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In 1919, all of the following figures were at the Paris Peace Conference EXCEPT Alexander Kerensky of Russia. Georges Clemenceau of France. David Lloyd George of Great Britain. Vittorio Orlando of Italy. Woodrow Wilson of the United States.
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Alexander Kerensky of Russia.
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During the last eighteen months of Woodrow Wilson’s presidency his mental health was stable but his physical health was very poor. he was essentially an invalid. there was growing public sentiment for Wilson to step down from power. his vice president, Thomas Marshall, essentially ran the White House. he became more pragmatic and willing to compromise.
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he was essentially an invalid.
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Regarding the Treaty of Versailles, the United States Senate decided in 1919 to ratify it without change. ratify it after Democrats accepted the Republican “reservations.” ratify it with the change that the United States would not join the League of Nations. ratify it only after Article X was struck from the treaty. not ratify it.
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not ratify it.
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The Espionage Act and the Sedition Act made criticism of the government a crime. True False
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True
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Republicans scored major victories in both houses of Congress in the elections of 1918. True False
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True
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The new Bolshevik government of Russia was not a participant in the Paris Peace Conference. True False
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True
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10. President Wilson’s major enemy in the fight over the League of Nations was _______.
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Henry Cabot Lodge (WW HCL)
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“Dollar Diplomacy” is associated primarily with the administration of William McKinley. William Howard Taft. Theodore Roosevelt. Woodrow Wilson. Warren Harding.
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William Howard Taft. ($tafy)
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In the early twentieth century, the United States’ actions toward Mexico included encouraging an overthrow of the Madero government. a refusal to formally recognize the Huerta government. sending an American expeditionary force across the border into Mexico. both encouraging an overthrow of the Madero government and refusing to formally recognize the Huerta government. All these answers are correct.
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both encouraging an overthrow of the Madero government and refusing to formally recognize the Huerta government.
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In 1914, when war erupted in Europe, President Woodrow Wilson called on the American public to be completely impartial. expressed sympathy for Germany. declared that the “Triple Alliance” must be defeated. held secret diplomatic meetings with Great Britain. brokered separate peace treaties with both sides of the conflict.
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called on the American public to be completely impartial.
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In 1914-1915, the United States responded to a British naval blockade of Germany by ending trade with all of Europe to maintain its neutrality. ending trade with Great Britain to pressure it to lift the blockade. defying the blockade and continuing to trade with Germany. ending trade with Germany but continuing trade with Great Britain. rerouting all trade with Germany through the Mediterranean.
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ending trade with Germany but continuing trade with Great Britain.
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In the aftermath of the sinking of the British passenger liner Lusitania, the United States declared war on Germany. Germany pledged to the United States it would not repeat such an action. President Wilson prohibited Americans from traveling to Europe. Great Britain began an intensive campaign to build a submarine fleet. the United States began leasing its submarines to Great Britain.
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Germany pledged to the United States it would not repeat such an action.
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The Selective Service Act in the United States was enacted during the last months of World War I. gave the government, for the first time, the authority to draft citizens for military duty. was supported by President Woodrow Wilson. drafted far fewer men than those who volunteered for military duty. brought nearly 300,000 men into the army.
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was supported by President Woodrow Wilson.
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During World War I, American ground troops saw combat that was relatively brief but intense. were assigned to serve under the command of foreign officers. were not available for battle in significant numbers until the fall of 1918. both saw combat that was relatively brief but intense, and were assigned to serve under the command of foreign officers. None of these answers is correct.
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saw combat that was relatively brief but intense.
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During World War I, the United States military effort in Europe saw American soldiers engage solely in light skirmishes. saw U.S. forces carry the fighting into Germany. lasted only a few months but suffered light casualties compared to the other combatants. saw American combat troops kept separate from Allied forces. took place mostly in Belgium and the Netherlands.
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lasted only a few months but suffered light casualties compared to the other combatants.
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During World War I, the new technology of warfare created logistical problems, which slowed many offensives. allowed the attack of the enemy without direct combat were largely responsible for the appalling level of casualties. both created logistical problems, which slowed many offensives, and allowed the attack of the enemy without direct combat. All these answers are correct.
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both created logistical problems, which slowed many offensives, and allowed the attack of the enemy without direct combat.
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10. During World War I, airplanes were used for all of the following EXCEPT bombing the enemy. transporting troops. attacking other aircraft. reconnaissance. “dogfights.”
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transporting troops.
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American casualties in World War I numbered approximately 350,000. numbered approximately 60,000. were as likely to be from disease as from combat. were very low in all battles that U.S. troops participated in. were comparable in number to those of the European powers.
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were as likely to be from disease as from combat.
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After the United States entered World War I, most German Americans supported the American war effort. German books were removed from many American schools and libraries. the playing of German music was banned in many American communities. sauerkraut in the U.S. was renamed “liberty cabbage.” All these answers are correct.
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All these answers are correct.
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In 1918, President Woodrow Wilson antagonized many Republicans when he pushed for the election of Democrats to Congress. when he refused to put prominent Republicans on the peace conference negotiating team. when he tied support of his peace plans to the midterm elections. both when he tied support of his peace plans to the midterm elections and when he pushed for the election of Democrats to Congress. All these answers are correct.
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both when he tied support of his peace plans to the midterm elections and when he pushed for the election of Democrats to Congress.
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In 1919, President Woodrow Wilson believed the Paris Peace Conference treaty should have placed large reparations on the defeated Central Powers. agreed with most of his Fourteen Points. had ended colonialism. was a success because of the acceptance of the League of Nations. was a complete and utter failure.
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was a success because of the acceptance of the League of Nations.
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When President Woodrow Wilson presented the Treaty of Versailles to the Senate, the American public clearly supported its ratification. most so-called “irreconcilable” senators favored it in principle. he was willing to compromise on the language of the treaty but not its major points. he found a close ally in the Senate Foreign Relations Committee chairman, Henry Cabot Lodge. he refused to appeal to the public, believing the treaty should stand on its merits alone.
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the American public clearly supported its ratification.
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16. Immediately following World War I, the American economy saw prices plunge. fell into a protracted recession. was marked by a continuing labor shortage. boomed for many months. fell into a deflationary spiral.
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boomed for many months.
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As a result of the service of African American soldiers in World War I, activism by blacks for their rights increased. public attitudes on race were significantly altered. the country saw a general improvement in race relations. the federal government integrated the armed forces. northern black factory workers were able to keep their jobs when white veterans returned.
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activism by blacks for their rights increased.
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18. In 1919, the racial climate in the United States worsened in both the North and South. worsened in the South but not in the North. improved in both the North and South. improved in the North but not in the South. generally stayed the same as it had been before the war.
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worsened in both the North and South.
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The most prominent exponent of black nationalism following World War I was Claude McKay. Booker T. Washington. Marcus Garvey. W. E. B. Du Bois. Malcolm X.
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Marcus Garvey.
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In 1920, Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti admitted they were anarchists. were convicted of murder. drew widespread support from the public. both admitted they were anarchists and drew widespread support from the public. All these answers are correct.
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All these answers are correct.
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In 1920, passage of the Nineteenth Amendment marked the beginning of a new era in progressive reform. outlawed the production, sale, and consumption of alcohol. gave women the right to vote. required the direct election of senators. disallowed Woodrow Wilson from running for a third term.
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gave women the right to vote.
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President Roosevelt did not believe that Japan could be considered among the ranks of the “civilized” countries. True False
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Falsw
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23. In early 1915, virtually the entire European continent was at war as a result of an assassination of an Austrian archduke. True False
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True
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Between 1914 and 1916, the United States gradually transformed itself from a neutral country into an arsenal of the Allies. True False
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True
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25. When the United States entered World War I, Germany was near defeat. True False
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True
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26. The majority of American soldiers who fought in World War I were volunteers. True False
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False
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The most celebrated foreign policy accomplishment of Theodore Roosevelt’s presidency was the construction of the _______.
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Panama Canal
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28. Those senators—many of whom were western isolationists—who opposed the Treaty of Versailles in all its forms were called _______.
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question

29. The United Negro Improvement Association was led by _______.
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Marcus Garvey
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30. The greatest strike of 1919 took place in the ________ industry.
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Steelworkers

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