DC History Ch. 5-7

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Which city did the British capture early in the American Revolution and hold for the remainder of the war?
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New york
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In late December 1776, George Washington was able to reverse American fortunes by:
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winning battles at Trenton and Princeton
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The alternative to the Virginia Plan was called
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The New Jersey Plan
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The Patriot militia
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frustrated Washington with their lack of dicipline
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The Great Compromise established that the number of Senators in the Senate from each state could be
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based on equal representation of 2 per state
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On the western frontier, Indian tribes such as the Mohawks, Shawnees, and Cherokees
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supported the British
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The great exploit of George Rogers Clark was the
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conquest of the frontier
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American settles who defended Kentucky were led by
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Daniel Boone
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The news of Yorktown inspired the British to
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end the war
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Which branch of government writes the laws
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legislative
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The treaty with Britain that ended the Revolutionary War
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recognized American independence
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Americans of the Revolutionary generation believed that a republic
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required a virtuous citizenry
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Most of the state constitutions adopted during the Revolution
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contained bills of rights
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Under the Articles of Confederation, Congress
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combined legislative and executive power
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What are 2 nation government powers under the Articles of Confederation?
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Authority to coin money, run a postal service, and direct Indian affairs. Control of government in Western territories.
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The Bostonian described as “the supreme genius of revolutionary agitation” was
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Samuel Adams
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The Virginia Plan proposed a
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Congress divided into two houses
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The celebration of _________ soon became the most popular public ritual in the US.
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Independence Day
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WIth the end of the war, many Americans viewed the US as a
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nation with a special destiny
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In the final years of the Revolutionary War, ______ emerged as the most influential figure in the government.
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Robert Morris
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What gave the Confederation government the most trouble?
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Finances
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The bill of Rights was made up of ___ amendements
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10
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What was part of the Northwest Ordinance?
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Religious freedom was guaranteed in a “bill of rights.” and territorial governors were to be chosen by Congress
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The Constitution was to be considered ratified as soon as it had been approved by
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9 of the states
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By 1783, American trade with Britain
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resumed
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Shay’s Rebellion was led by
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indebted farmers
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The last of the 13 original states to ratify the Constitution was
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Rhode Island
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How many states were represented at the Annapolis Convention
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5
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The Constitutional Convention met in
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Philadelphia
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At the outset of the Constitutional Convention, who did the delegates unanimously elect president of the convention?
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George Washington
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The Great Compromise
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settled the question of congressional representation
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In regard to citizenship, the Constitution
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gave Congress authority over naturalization
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According to the Constitution, the president has the authority to
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veto acts of Congress and appoint diplomats and judges
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The Constitution was to be considered ratified as soon as it had been approved by
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9 of the states
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The US departed from the colonial policies of Great Britain by
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promising equal statehood to all unsettled western territory
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In response to Shay’s Rebllion, Thomas Jefferson
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said occasional revolts were necessary
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Most of the Federalist essays were written by
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Alexander Hamilton
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Federalist Number 10 explains how a republic can
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be a successful in a large, diverse society
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Who was an anti-Federalist?
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Patrick Henry
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In early 1789, the new Congress gathered in the national capital, which was
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New York City
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The Bill of Rights
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safeguarded freedoms such as press, speech, and assembly and constituted the first 10 amendments to the Constitution
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In regard to religion, the Constitution
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prevents Congress from establishing an official religion
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Alexander Hamilton’s basic vision of America was to make it
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a vibrant capitalist power
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Hamilton’s plan to fund the national debt as its full face value would most benefit
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speculators
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The national bank proposed by Hamilton
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would provide a stable national currency
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Madison decided to support Hamilton’s debt proposals in return for an agreement to
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relocate the national capital southward
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The emergence of political parties
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reflected basic philosophical differences between Jefferson and Hamilton
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The party led by Madison and Jefferson that opposed Hamilton was the
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Republicans
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Thomas Jefferson was
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Washington’s Secretary of State and skilled and educated in a wide range of subjects
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The Hamiltonians viewed developments in France by the early 1790’s as
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radical and horrifying
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Edmond Genet
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encouraged Americans to attack Spanish territory on the frontier
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Jay’s Treaty
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infuriated Republicans for its concessions to the British
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The Tenth Amendment to the Constitution
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said that the powers not specifically given to the national government remained with the states of the people
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By the mid-1790’s, Americans became incensed with the British over
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British seizure of American merchant vessels
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Opposition to Hamilton’s excess tax on whiskey was strongest among
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frontier farmers
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The 1796 presidential election
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was the nation’s first partisan election
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The Alien Act of 1798
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was aimed especially at the French and Irish Republicans
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The Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions argued that
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states could decide if laws were unconstitutional
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Just before he left office, Adams
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appointed John Marshall chief justice
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Paine’s writings ____ _______ the American soldier to remain steadfast in his desire and willingness to fight
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helped convince
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Realized the Americans needed a victory, he gambled on a surprise attack on _______ _______ 1776
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Christmas Night

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