CWV quiz (unit 6)

question

Briefly list the ten commandments. How do the first four commandments differ from the last six?
answer

• You shall have no other Gods before me • You shall not make or worship idols • You shall not use the Lord’s name in vain • Keep the Sabbath day holy • Honor your father and mother • You shall not murder • You shall not commit adultery • You shall not steal • You shall not give false testimony about your neighbor • You shall not cover your neighbor’s belongings The first four are about loving God, while the last 6 are about loving others.
question

Read the Beatitudes, the blessings of Jesus in the opening verses of the Sermon on the Mount in Matthew chapter 5:1-12. Which one is repeated and emphasized?
answer

Those who are persecuted will inherit the kingdom of Heaven.
question

From the lecture and textbook, write out the short quote that philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche made famous about truth.
answer

\”There is no truth, only interpretations.\” -Nietzsche
question

From the textbook, describe how Raphael, in his great painting School of Athens, depicted Plato and Aristotle.
answer

Plato and Aristotle are depicted front and center, with Plato pointing up and Aristotle pointing horizontally. This indicates two ways of understanding truth. Plato’s method points to God as the knower of all absolutes (ultimate truths are, therefore, present), while Aristotle’s method indicates that truth is observed through interaction with the world and its circumstances and time period.
question

According to the lecture, what kind of absolute truths require the existence of God?
answer

Without God there can be no moral and spiritual absolute truths.
question

Briefly define General and Special Revelation.
answer

General Revelation: God has revealed himself universally to humanity through nature, history, science, and reasoning Special Revelation: God reveals himself to people through direct communication (the Bible, Jesus, etc.)
question

From chapter 8 of the textbook, define exclusivism and pluralism.
answer

Exclusivism: There is only one way to God Pluralism: All religions hold a piece of the puzzle
question

According to chapter 7 in the textbook, the lecture, and Job 1-2 and 38-40, does Job ever find out why he suffered? What is the best explanation from our perspective?
answer

Job realized that he didn’t deserve anything, and that God can do whatever he wants. Job realizes that as long as he truly desires to love God and follow his purpose, he can trust that, even in terrible suffering, God will bring about his ultimate good. He learns that all things work together for the good of those who love God.
question

Read the story of the raising of Lazarus in John 11. What can we learn about Jesus and death from this account of the event?
answer

1. Jesus is compassionate 2. God has control over death and life 3. If we trust in God, he will do amazing things in our lives 4. He cares deeply for humans
question

Read the 11 reasons for suffering listed in the lecture. Which reason(s) might provide good cause for a Christian to \”count it all joy\” as James says to do in James 1:2-4?
answer

• Suffering increases our compassion and equips us to comfort others who suffer • Suffering strengthens our character • Suffering teaches us obedience • Suffering draws us to God, compelling us to repent of our sins • Suffering keeps us humble and dependent on Christ • Suffering compels us to look up and long for our heavenly redemption • Suffering joins us closer to Christ and His sufferings, especially in persecution • Even in the midst of suffering God is aiming for our ultimate good • Especially in the midst of suffering God wants us to experience His amazing love
question

Define theodicy.
answer

A defense of God’s goodness and power despite the presence of evil and suffering in the world.
question

What are two explanations Christians might give to explain the problem of evil, how a good and powerful God would allow suffering?
answer

Suffering gives people a chance to surrender to God and trust in his goodness. It also allows those who trust Jesus to be shaped into who he wants us to be—his children, ready for eternal life with him. If life was perfect, there would be very few people who would come to God.
question

According to Philippians 2:1-11, how are Christians to behave in light of what Jesus endured?
answer

Imitate Christ’s humility by showing love, considering others better than yourself, and being unified in spirit. Take on the form of a servant as Jesus did. We should not exalt ourselves—that’s God’s job if he so desires.

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