CPR and First Aid Unit 1 Assignment Review

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The leading cause of death and disability in children and young adults is _______________.
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Unintentional injuries.
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Who primarily benefits from first aid training?
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Oneself.
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First aid is intended to do what?
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It is intended to provide temporary help until proper medical care, if needed, is obtained.
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Properly applied, first aid may mean the difference between what?
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Life and death, rapid recovery and long hospitalization, temporary disability and permanent injury.
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Consent to give first aid must be obtained from every victim who is what?
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If they are responsive, mentally competent, and of legal age.
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If the victim is unresponsive, permission to give first aid is known as what?
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Implied consent.
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Which of the following is a true statement regarding obtaining consent to give first aid?
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Consent should be obtained from every responsive, mentally competent adult.
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In cases of psychiatric emergencies, who has authority to restrain and transport a person against the person’s will?
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A police officer.
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A first aider must stay with the victim until another equally or better trained person takes over. Failure to do so would be considered what?
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Abandonment.
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Deviating from accepted standards of care that results in further injury to the victim is known as what?
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Negligence.
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Duty to act, breach of duty (substandard care), and injury and damages inflicted are all factors involved in what?
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Negligence.
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A first aider who breaks his or her responsibility to a victim by failing to provide the type of care that another person with similar training would provide, commits what?
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Breach of duty.
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Which of the following statements concerning Good Samaritan laws is true?
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They protect first aiders acting in good faith.
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Minimizing the risk of a lawsuit includes but is not limited to which of the following?
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Obtaining consent, not exceeding your training level, and staying with the victim once care has begun.
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If a victim refuses first aid treatment, the first aid responder should do what?
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Call 911 and stay with the victim until help arrives.
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Who is a vital link between emergency medical services (EMS) and the victim?
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Bystanders.
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What is the first action a bystander should take in an emergency?
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Recognize the emergency.
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Severity, physical distance, relationship and time exposed are all factors that can help the bystander with what?
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Recognize the emergency.
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Refusing to acknowledge an emergency is a strategy that can interfere with which emergency action?
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Deciding to help.
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Someone must call 911 if you are unsure of the victim’s condition, if the victim’s condition is life threatening or could become life threatening, or what?
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The victim needs the skill and equipment of EMS, a spinal injury is suspected, and distance or traffic could delay getting to the hospital.
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In a serious situation, who should you call first?
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911.
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When calling 911, which of the following information should be given to the EMS dispatch?
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The victims location and condition, number of person’s involved, and your name and the phone number you are calling from.
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Desensitization relates to what?
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Overcoming anxieties caused by unpleasant sights and sounds.
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What should the rescuer look for during the scene size up?
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Hazards that could be dangerous to the rescuer, the victim, or bystanders, the mechanism or cause of injury, and the number of victims.
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A ______________ is a disease that can be spread from one person to another.
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Communicable disease.
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The most common type of personal protective equipment available for first aiders to protect against blood borne pathogen is what?
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Gloves.
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What is the best method for personal protection against contact with blood borne pathogens?
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Wearing proper personal protective equipment.
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Which of the following are blood borne diseases?
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Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, and HIV.
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Hepatitis C virus can cause ____________ disease or cancer.
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Liver.
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___________ are transmitted through the air by coughing or sneezing.
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Airborne diseases.
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Which three body systems include the most important and sensitive organs?
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Respiratory, circulatory, and nervous.
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Which organ carries food to the stomach?
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Esophagus.
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The passage of air into and out of the lungs is called what?
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Respiration.
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Signs of inadequate breathing include which of the following?
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An abnormal breathing rate, pale or blue-gray skin, cool and clammy skin.
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The normal heart rate for newborns is ________ beats per minute.
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It is 120 to 140.
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Which of the following is the major artery of the upper arm?
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Brachial.
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Which portion of blood defends against bacteria?
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White blood cells.
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The _____________ occupies nearly 75% of the cranial cavity?
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Cerebrum.
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Sensations such as smell, touch, heat, and sound are carried from the body to the brain and spinal cord by what?
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Sensory nerves.
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The flat narrow bone in the middle of the front wall of the chest is known as what?
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The sternum.
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Which bone forms the ankle knob at its lower end?
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The fibula.
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The bone of the upper arm, the ________ , is the arms largest bone.
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Humerus.
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Which type of muscle allows for voluntary movement?
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Skeletal.
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The outer layer of the skin is called what?
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Epidermis
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The inner layer of the skin is called what?
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Dermis.
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What is the sequence of actions that helps determine what is wrong with a victim is called what?
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Victim assessment.
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What is the purpose of the initial check?
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To identify and treat life-threatening conditions.
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For an alert, responsive victim, you can evaluate his or her ability to remember by asking.
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Person, place, time and event.
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When checking for severe bleeding, search what?
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The victim’s entire body head to toe, floor or ground for pooling blood, and victims clothing.
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A secondary check of an adult assesses the victim’s entire body from what?
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Head to toe.
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The mnemonic DOTS can help you remember what?
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The signs and symptoms of an injury.
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PERRL is a mnemonic used when assessing what?
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The eyes.
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Abnormal skin temperature feels like what?
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Hot, cool and cold, and clammy.
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Which of the following should be checked when assessing the victims skin condition?
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Skin color, skin temperature, and skin moisture.
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The capillary reflex technique is more accurate in what?
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Children and infants.
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Should you remove the victims clothing when conducting the initial check?
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You should remove only as much clothing as needed.
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Medical identification tags can help the first aider identity.
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Allergies, medications, and medical history.
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While waiting for an ambulance, the initial assessment should be repeated every _______ minutes for an unresponsive victim?
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5
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The process of prioritizing victims is called what?
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Triage.
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The care and transportation priorities for victims should follow which sequence?
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Immediate care, delayed care, walking wounded, and dead.

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