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Counseling Test #4

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Sandra is a reality therapist who is meeting her client Paul, who struggles with career indecision, for the first time. How might she begin her work with Paul?
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by asking Paul what he wants from therapy
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Reality therapy is best described as
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a short-term therapy that stresses doing
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WDEP stands for
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wants, doing, self-evalution, planning
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Which of the following is not a component of total behavior?
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wanting
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The function of the reality therapist is
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to assist clients in dealing with the present
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Wubboding believes all of the following encourage the client’s involvement in therapy except for
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allowing the client to focus on symptoms
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In reality therapy, the counseling environment is
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characterized by a therapeutic climate that establishes the foundation for implementing procedures
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Which method(s) is (are) often used in reality therapy?
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all of these
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Which of the following procedures would a reality therapist be least likely to employ?
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reliving an early childhood event
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Which of the following is not a function of the reality therapist?
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focusing on areas in the client’s life that need improvement so that he or she can achieve a “success identity”
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All of the following are true about planning and commitment in reality therapy, except:
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A great deal of time is spent on this step of reality therapy
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Reality therapy is based on which of the following orientations to understanding human behavior?
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existential-phenomenological
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Reality therapist are likely to deal with all of the following except for
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asking clients to recall, report, and share dreams
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A reality therapist will primarily focus on
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present behavior
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When reality therapist explore a client’s past, they tend to focus on
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past successes
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In reality therapy, when a client fails to carry out their plans, the therapist will
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challenge the client to accept the reasonable consequence of his or her behavior
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Which of the following is (are) a contribution of reality therapy?
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it provides a structure for both clients and therapist to evaluate the degree and the nature of changes
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Reality therapy rest on the central idea that
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we choose our behavior and are responsible for what we do, think, and feel
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Glasser would agree with all of the following conclusions except
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we are most likely to change if we are threatened by punishment
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A limitation of this approach as it applies to multicultural counseling is
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oppressed clients may have little choice over their circumstances
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All of the following are procedures that are commonly used in reality therapy except
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planning and commitment
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All of the following are key characteristics of contemporary reality therapy except for
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there is a focus on talking about symptoms that bring a client into therapy
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In working with Japanese clients, a reality therapist might do which of the following when asking clients to make plans and commit to them?
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the therapist might be likely to accept “I’ll try” as a firm commitment
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From the perspective of feminist therapy, the socialization of women inevitably affects their
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all of these
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What do the four feminist philosophies (liberal, cultural, radical, and socialist feminism) have in common?
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the same goal of activism
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Stephanie, who believes strongly in feminist principles, is working in an agency that requires therapist to diagnose their clients using the DSM. Stephanie is likely to consider which of the following questions?
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Who benefits from using this label? How might this label contribute to disempowering the person to whom it is assigned?
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Which of the following feminist principles views the therapist as simply another source of information, rather than as the expert in the therapy process?
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the counseling relationship is equalitarian
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Which of the following feminist principles recognizes the importance of working against oppression and discrimination on the basis of race, class, culture, religious beliefs, sexual orientation, age, and disability?
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All types of oppression are recognized
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Which of the following feminist principles implies that what has been typically viewed as individual clients’ personal problems are really socially and politically caused?
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the person is political
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All of the following are goals of feminist therapy except for
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resolving intrapsychic conflicts from early childhood
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Which of the following themes would clients in feminist therapy be least likely to explore?
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transference reactions toward their therapist
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After having a bad therapeutic experience with a mental health professional who pathologized her anxiety over financial issues, Lillian decided to consult with a feminist therapist. How is her new therapist likely to view her anxiety symptoms?
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as a sign of distress rather than psychopathology
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Of the following, which intervention would a feminist therapist probably consider most essential?
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challenging irrational beliefs
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All of the following are reasons many feminist therapist do not use diagnostic labels, or use them reluctantly, expect that
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diagnostic labels encourage adjustment to the norms of the status quo
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The preferred alternative to traditional diagnosis and assessment of feminist therapist is
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gender role analysis
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Which of the following interventions involves a shift from “blaming the victim” to consideration of social factors in the environment that contribute to a client’s problem?
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reframing
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All of the following strategies are unique to feminist therapy except for
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power analysis and intervention
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Of the following, which is not an assumption shared by the cognitive behavioral and feminist therapy approaches?
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assuming that the therapeutic relationship alone is necessary and sufficient to bring about change
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Who is most noted for her contributions to the development of feminist therapy?
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Laura Brown
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A feminist therapist is likely to become an advocate for change in the social structure by arguing for
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all of thesse
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Of the following, which is one of the major contributions that feminist have made to the field of counseling?
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paving the way for gender-sensitive practice
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Which of these statements is not true about lesbian feminism?
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queer theory and lesbian theory are identical
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The constructs of feminist theory, in contrast to traditional theories, include all of the following except for which characteristic?
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intrapsychic orientation
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The relational-cultural theory emphasizes the vital role
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that relationships and connectedness with others play in the lives of women
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The feminist perspectives on the development of personality
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all of these
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Which of the following principles of feminist psychology is most aimed at advancing a transformation in society?
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commitment to social change
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During the past 20 years ______ have found classic feminist theories wanting and have offered new theoretical perspectives focus on issues of diversity, the complexity of sexism, and the centrality of social context in understanding gender issues
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postmodern feminists
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A limit of the feminist approach from diversity perspective is
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the tendency to impose upon a client personal values that may not be consistent with the client’s cultural framework
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Which of the following is not considered one of the six core principles of feminist therapy?
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an intrapsychic orientation
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Feminist therapist reject
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the androcentric view
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From the perspective of feminist therapy, the socialization of women inevitably affects their
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all of these
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Feminist therapist, regardless of their philosophical orientation, believe all of the following except that
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human development and interaction are similar across races, cultures, and nations
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Which of the feminist principles views the therapist as simply another source of information, rather than as the expert in the therapy process?
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the counseling relationship is egalitarian
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Which of the following feminist principles recognizes the importance of working against oppression and discrimination on the basis of race, class, culture, religious beliefs, sexual orientation, age, and disability?
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all types of oppression are recognized
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All of the following are goals of feminist therapy except for
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resolving intrapsychic conflicts from early childhood
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Although feminist therapy shares many of the premises of person-centered therapy, feminist therapy does not agree with the notion that
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the therapeutic relationship is, in and of itself, sufficient to product change
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All of the following are reasons many feminist therapist do not use diagnostic labels, or use them reluctantly, except that
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diagnostic labels focus on the social factors that cause dysfunctional behavior
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Of the following, which is not an assumption shared by the cognitive behavioral and feminist therapy approaches?
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assuming that the therapeutic relationship alone is necessary and sufficient to bring about change
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Of the following, which is one of the major contributions that feminist have made to the field of counseling?
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paving the way for gender-sensitive practice
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The constructs of feminist theory, in contrast to traditional theories, include all of the following except for which characteristic?
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intrapsychic orientation
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Which of the following principles of feminist psychology is most aimed at advancing a transformation in society?
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commitment to social change
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The feminist approach to group counseling involves all of the following except
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an opportunity to experience and analyze multiple transferences
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A limit of the feminist approach from a diversity perspective is
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the tendency to impose upon a client personal values that may not be consistent with the client’s cultural framework
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A solution-oriented therapist might ask her client, a compulsive shopper, which of the following questions?
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If a miracle happened and your shopping compulsion was solved overnight, how would you know it was solved, and what would be different?
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Donna feels certain that no one will ever want to hire her because she has a timid personality. Her solution-oriented therapist would be most inclined to
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ask Donna to examine another side of the story she is presenting about herself and think of times when she was accepted by others
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In the view of the postmodern therapist, the most essential element of therapy is
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the collaborative therapeutic relationship
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All of the following are techniques used in solution-focused therapy except for
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using the reflecting team
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In the solution-oriented approach, which is not considered one of the three basic parts to the structure of summary feedback?
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expressing concern
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Which of the following is false as it applies to the practice of solution-focused brief therapy?
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using techniques in therapy is a way of discounting a client’s capacity to find his or her own way
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Solution-focused brief therapy has parallels with _____, which concentrates on what is right and what is working for people rather than dwelling on what deficits, weaknesses, and problems
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positive psychology
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Narrative therapist pay attention to “sparking events.” These are
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events that contradict problem-saturated narratives
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A limitation of the postmodern approach is
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inexperienced therapist may over rely on techniques and appear mechanistic
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Which is not a major contribution of the postmodern approaches?
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research on these approaches is considered empirically generalizeable
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The founder(s) of narrative therapy is (are)
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Micahel White and DAvid Epston