Communications Flashcard

Flashcard maker : Blake Terry
Public distance
10ft to infinity
Intimiate distance
0 to 18 inches
Personal distance
18 inches to 4ft
Social distance
4ft to 10ft
Proxemics
The study of peoples use of space as a special elaboration of culture
Expectancy
What people predict will happen
Edward hall
Anthropologist from the illinois inistitue of technology who coined the term proxemics
Personal space
The invisible variable volume of space surrounding and individual that defines that individuals prefferred distance from others
Coordination
The process by which people collaborate in an attempt to bring into being their vision of what is necessary noble, and good and to preclude the enactment of what they fear, hate, or despise
Speech act
Any verbal or non verbal message as part of an interaction the basic building block of the social universe people create threats promises insults compliments etc.
Social constructionists
Language theorists who believe that persons in conversation co construct their own social realities and are simultaneously shaped by the worlds they create
Dialogic communication
Conversation in which people seak in a manner that makes others want to listen and listen in a way that makes others want to speak
Generalized others
The composite mental image a person has his or herself based on community expectations and responses
Me
The objective self; the image of self seen when one takes the role of the other.
I
The spontaneous deiving force that fosters all that is novel unpredictable and unorganized in the self
Looking glass self
The mental image that results from taking the role of the other; the objective self; me
Taking the role of the other
The process of mentally imagining that you are someone else who is viewing you
Minding
An inner dialouge used to test alternatives rehearse action, and anticipate reactions before responding, self-talk
Threat threshold
The hupothtical outer boundry of intimate space; a breach by an uninvited other ocasions fight or flight
Theory
A set of systematic informed hunches about the way things work
Communication
The relational process of creating and interpreting messages that elicit a response
Text
A record of a message that can be analyzed by others.
Behavioral scientist
A scholar who applies the scientific method to describe predict and explain recurring forms of human behavior
Interperative approach
The lingusitic work of assigning meaning or value to communicative texts. Assumes that multiple meanings or truths are possible
Critical theorists
Scholars who use theory to reveal unjust communication practices that creat or perpetuate an imbalance of power
Ethnography
A method of participant observation designed to help a reasearcher experience cultures complex web of meaning
Experiment
A researh method that manipulates an independent variable in a tightly controlled situation in order to find out if it has the predicted effect
Control group
Subjects in an experiment who experience no form of the independent variable; a no treatment comparison group
Tetual analysis
A research method that describes and interprets the characteristics of any text
Epistemology
The study of the origin, nature, method and limits of knowledge
Quantitative research
Research in which the data is recorded in numeric form
Survey
A research method that uses questionaires and interviews to collect self reported data that reflects what respondents think, feel, or intend to do
Symbolic convergence
The linguistic process by which group members develop a sense of community or closeness; cohesiveness, unity, solidarity
Rethorical vision
A composite drama that catches up multiple groups of people into a common symbolic reality
Interpersonal communication
The interactive process of creating unique shared meaning
Symbolic interaction
Communication through symbols; people talking to each other
Explain the way scientists differ from interpretive scholars in their answers to the question what is truth ?
Scientists are better because they have scientific research that provides evidence and is more quantifiable whereas interpretative scholars go on assumptions
How can we call a scientific theory good if it is capable of being proven wrong ?explain with a specific example of the 12 criteria discussed which standard of quality is most important to you and why ?
We can call a scientific theory good if it meets one or two of the criteria proposed even though it can be proved wrong there was still a proposal of the data or hypothesis out of the 12 criteria discussed the explanation of data seems to be the most important just for the fact that with this explanation of data we can understand the human behavior
Describe one of the seven traditions in the words of the textbook then in your own words and give an example of the way you have seen it’s theory of communication in practice
Cybernetic because it places communication as a system of information processing
HUNCH: the message received is the message
What do interactionist believe are the crucial differences between humans and animals ? what is minding ? what is taking the role of the other ?
The difference is we use symbolic interactions and animals do not therefore they cannot adapt to the human nature. Minding is the inner dialogue & taking the role of the other is seeing how others view yourself
What does one mean by coordinated management of meaning explain coordination without shared meaning. Can you give an example from your own life ?
Every conversation has an afterlife
Ex. A speech given by someone like the president the intended message was 9/11 the further conversation of everyone is isis
What approximate advice would you give to a communicator who is perceived as unrewarding
The Proxemics advice I would give to communicators who believe they are seen as unrewarding is that social distance is good and the reward of a communicator is the sum of the positive and negative million says that the person brings to the encounter plus the potential he or she has to reward or punish in the future.
Name the eight parts of personal disclosure from exterior to interior of the onion image
The closer you get to someone the deeper you get into their onion
SIP social information processing theory proposes that CMC computer mediated communication conveys relational information just as well as face-to-face communication with only one difference what is the difference ?
CMC and face-to-face are different because in CMC it’s hard to become close to the person there is no physical relationship and it takes 10 times longer to get to know the person- so the difference would be time.

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member