Comm371 exam2

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Ascription
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Process by which others attribute identities to an individual
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What is true about high context communication
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Contains contexts and non verbal cues
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World views are
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Underlying assumption about the nature of reality and human behavior
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Critical approach
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Intercultural communication has a goal of initiating social change
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Feminine values
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A culture with less specific gender roles that values the quality of life for all
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History has a influence over
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The formation of our identities
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Identity management
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The way individuals make sense of their multiple images concerning the sense of self in different social contexts. a. Identities emerge during the communication process. •b. They are negotiated, co-created, reinforced, and challenged through communication. •c. Presenting our identities is complex and sometimes the received image conflicts with the presented image.
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Identity tourism
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A concept that refers to people taking on the identities of other races, genders, classes, or sexual orientations for recreational purposes.
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E.T. Hall contributed what to the origin of intercultural communication?
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Introduced proxemics (personal space) and identified the 4 distance zones (initiate, personal, social, public)
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Semantics
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Study of meaning
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Role of power in construction of historical accounts
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Power is central dynamic in writing of history, influenced the content of the history we know and the way it is delivered, power dictates what is taught and what is learned, what is silenced, what is available and what is erased
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Static dynamic dialectic
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Intercultural communication addresses the fact that some of our cultural patterns are constant and some are shifting
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Relationship between communication and context
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Context typically is created by the physical or social aspects of the situation in which communication occurs. -The physical characteristics of the setting influence the communication. -People communicate differently depending on the context -Context is neither static nor objective and it can be multilayered -Context may consist of the social, political, and historical structures in which the communication occurs.
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\”Symbolic significance\”
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The importance or meaning that most members of a cultural group attach to a communication activity (evokes feelings that extend beyond itself)
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Familial identity
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Stresses the importance of emotional connectedness to and interdependence with others
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Communication
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Symbolic process whereby reality is produced, maintained, repaired and transformed
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Does nonverbal communication differ from verbal communication?
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Yes- more unconscious and learned implicitly
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What are communicated by nonverbal behaviors?
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Gestures, postures, eye contact, and facial expressions
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What is true about nonverbal behavior?
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Vary by culture, they are symbolic, communicate meaning and are patterned , operates at a subconscious level
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Monochronic/polychronic/chromatics
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Label that refers to the way people conceptualize and think about time (mono-punctual, poly-does not care about time)
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Cultural space
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-Cultural Space: the social and cultural contexts in which our identity forms – where we grow up and where we live (cultural meanings created in these places) -Influences cultural identity and includes homes, neighborhoods, regions, and nations -Two ways of changing cultural spaces are Travel and Migration -Postmodern cultural spaces, like cyberspace, are tenuous and dynamic.
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Which orientation of time prevails in the U.S.?
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Monochronic
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What are the universal facial expressions?
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Happy, sad, disgust, fear, anger and surprise
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Study of linguistics
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Thinks about language, provides us with a useful foundation for our exploration of language in intercultural communication
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High context communication
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People are not totally dependent on words to express their meaning, use a lot of non verbals, meaning can be conveyed through status
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Qualified relativist position
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School of thought that refers the Sapir-whorf assumption
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Low context
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Preferred communication style in the US, need to be verbal
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Language acquisition
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Process of learning language
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Researchers are able to prevent their own cultural biases from affecting their intercultural research
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False
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Code switching refers to the phenomenon of changing languages, dialects or accents
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True
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Worldviews have little influence on the approach researchers take to studying intercultural communication
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False
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The ability to behave effectively and appropriately in interacting across cultures is called intercultural competence
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True
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Social science, interpretivist and critical perspectives are contradictory and cannot be connected in ways that help us better understand social reality
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False
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The goal of researchers who study human behavior from the interpretive is to explain and predict human behavior
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False
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Interdisciplinary means integrating knowledge from different areas of study in conducting research and constructing theory
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True
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Cultures that emphasize quick results in endeavors and social pressure to conform have a long term orientation
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False
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Positive stereotypes are not damaging or harmful to individuals of a cultural group
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False
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Prejudice is often expressed by nonverbal behaviors
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True
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Blind children’s facial expressions are very different from seeing children’s facial expressions
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False

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