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Combo with public speaking chapter 3 and 2 others

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People spend more time listening than in any other communicative activity.
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True
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Hearing and listening are identical.
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false
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Listening for pleasure or enjoyment is called ____________ listening.
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appreciative
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____________ is listening to provide emotional support for a speaker.
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empathic listening
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Because the brain can process many more words per minute than we talk, this spare “brain time” makes listening easier.
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False
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Listening to understand the message of a speaker is called ____________ listening.
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comprehensive
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Listening to evaluate a message for purposes of accepting or rejecting it is called
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critical listening
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Listening and critical thinking are so closely allied that training in listening is also training in how to think.
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true
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The two kinds of listening most closely tied to critical thinking are
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comprehensive listening and critical listening.
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To improve your listening, you should think of listening as a passive process.
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False
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Skilled listeners try to remember a speaker’s every word.
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false
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At a coffee shop on campus, Rachel listens to her friend Shanti discuss his feelings about his mother’s recent death. According to your textbook, Rachel is engaged in ____________ listening.
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empathic
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Your textbook recommends taking word-for-word notes as a way to improve your listening skills.
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false
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The first step to improving your listening skills is to
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take listening seriously.
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__________ listeners give their undivided attention to the speaker in a genuine effort to understand her or his point of view.
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Active
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When business managers are asked to rank-order the communication skills most crucial to their jobs, they usually rank listening number one.
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True
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Ian is attending a union meeting in which the union president is discussing the company’s plan to decrease wages in exchange for an increase in vacation time. As Ian listens, he is trying to determine whether or not to vote for the plan. According to your textbook, Ian is engaged in ____________ listening.
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critical
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The primary purpose of speechmaking is to demonstrate your command of the topic.
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False
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Although most of the process of audience adaptation occurs as part of preparing a speech, a speaker may still need to adapt her or his remarks to the audience during the presentation of the speech.
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True
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Every speech contains two messages—the one sent by the speaker and the one received by the listener.
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True
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Ethnocentrism means that audiences typically approach speeches by asking, “Why is this important to me?”
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False
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Informative speeches about processes are usually arranged in chronological order.
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True
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A lawyer urging a jury to acquit her client is an example of informative speaking.
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False
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“To inform my audience how to create their own blog” is a specific purpose statement for an informative speech about a process.
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True
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Informative speakers need to work as hard as persuasive speakers at relating the topic directly to the audience.
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True
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If you find a topic that is interesting to you, you can usually be sure that your audience will find it interesting too.
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True
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Audience-centeredness means that public speakers should
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keep the audience foremost in mind throughout the speechmaking process.
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Audience analysis is an important factor in which of the following?
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selecting a topic organizing the speech choosing supporting materials all of the above
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In her speech introduction, Kaelyn asked, “Have you ever looked through old family photo albums and laughed at what people were wearing? Have you ever been amused by the bright colors, huge lapels, and crazy ties worn by characters in old TV shows? Like many of you, I’ve noticed the changes in fashion and feared that my effort to look stylish today may eventually be a source of amusement to my future children.” According to your textbook, by seeking to create a bond with her audience through emphasizing their common experiences and fears, Kailyn was engaging in
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Identification
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According to your textbook, which of the following is a demographic characteristic of a speech audience?
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their sexual orientation
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If you were giving an informative speech to a general audience about the war in Vietnam, the most important demographic factor to consider in analyzing your audience would probably be the
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Age of the audience
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According to your textbook, what are the three primary factors to consider when assessing an audience’s disposition toward a speech topic?
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knowledge, interest, and attitude
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Michael is preparing a persuasive speech for class in opposition to gun control. The most important factor for Michael to consider when analyzing his audience is probably its
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attitude toward the topic.
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Which of the following is an instance of informative speaking?
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a banker explaining how the stock market operates
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“To inform my audience about the history of Halloween observances” is a specific purpose statement for an informative speech about a(n)
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event
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“To inform my audience about the major elements of film theory” is a specific purpose statement for a speech about a(n)
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concept
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“To inform my audience about the pillars of faith in Islam” is an example of a specific purpose statement for an informative speech about a(n)
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concept
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If your specific purpose statement were “To inform my audience how to make authentic South American empanadas,” you would probably organize your speech in _________ order.
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chronological
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If your specific purpose statement were “To inform my audience about the three major types of pet lizards,” you would probably organize your speech in __________ order.
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topical
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Which of the following is discussed in your textbook as a guideline for effective informative speaking?
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Don’t overestimate what the audience knows.
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Which of the following does your textbook recommend for relating the subject directly to your audience in an informative speech?
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Speak in personal terms such as “you” and “your.”
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Your textbook recommends using _______ in your informative speeches as a way to keep your ideas from being overly abstract.
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contrast description comparison all of the above
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Which of the following does your textbook recommend as a way to deal with nervousness in your speeches?
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Visualize yourself giving a successful speech
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According to your textbook, saying “pas-ghetti” instead of “spaghetti” is an error in
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pronunciation.
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According to your textbook, when people in one region of the country say “warter,” while people in another region of the country say “water,” the difference is a matter of
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dialect
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The study of bodily motion and gestures is part of a subject called
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kinesics.
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What advice does your textbook give for practicing speech delivery?
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Record the speech to check how it sounds.
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Communication skills, including public speaking, are often ranked first among the qualities employers seek in college graduates.
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True
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Both public speaking and conversation involve adapting to listener feedback.
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True
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Public speaking is more highly structured than everyday conversation.
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True
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Thinking of stage fright as “stage excitement” or “stage enthusiasm” can help you get focused and energized for a speech.
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True
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It has been estimated that being fully prepared for a speech can reduce stage fright by up to 75 percent.
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True
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Because most people share the same frame of reference, the meaning of a message is usually the same to a listener as to a speaker.
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False
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When speaking from a manuscript, you should strive for the same directness and sincerity in your voice as in an extemporaneous speech. True
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True
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Speaking from memory is most effective when a speaker wants to be very responsive to feedback from the audience.
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False
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The “conversational quality” of extemporaneous speaking means that a speech has been well rehearsed yet sounds spontaneous to the audience.
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True
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If you say the “s” in Illinois or the “p” in pneumonia, you are making a mistake in articulation.
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False
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To say that public speaking is a way to make a difference about something we care about is to recognize that public speaking is____ .
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a form of empowerment
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Which of the following does your textbook recommend as a way to deal with stage fright?
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All of the above- Acquire speaking experience, turn negative thoughts into positive ones, don’t expect perfection.
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Which of the following does your textbook recommend as a way to deal with nervousness in your speeches?
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Visualize yourself giving a successful speech
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Research has shown that the anxiety level of most speakers drops off significantly
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when they are 30-60 seconds into the speech
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Which of the following strategies is least likely to help you deal with nervousness in your speeches?
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Concentrating on your stage fright
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As your textbook explains, the means by which a message is communicated is termed the.
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channel
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According to your textbook, the knowledge, experience, goals, values, and attitudes through which each listener filters a message is called the listener’s….
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frame of reference
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__________ lets you know how your message is being received.
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Feedback
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In the midst of a speech about volcanoes, a speaker notices quizzical expressions on the faces of her listeners. In response, she says, “Let me explain that point again to make sure it’s clear.” When this happens, the speaker is…..
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adapting to feedback
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Concern by a listener about an upcoming job interview, the lack of air conditioning, or a toothache are all examples of __________ in the speech communication process.
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Interference
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According to your textbook, a speech that sounds spontaneous to the audience no matter how many times it has been rehearsed has a strong __________ quality.
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Conversation
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The relative highness or lowness of sounds produced by the human voice is called..
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pitch
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It is the __________ of your voice that reveals whether you are asking a question or making a statement, whether you are being sincere or sarcastic…
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inflection
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According to your textbook, saying “pas-ghetti” instead of “spaghetti” is an error in.
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pronunciation
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According to your textbook, when people in one region of the country say “warter,” while people in another region of the country say “water,” the difference is a matter of.
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Dialect
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The study of bodily motion and gestures is part of a subject called.
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kinesics
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Hannah is giving a presentation in her physics class and is worried about what she should do with her hands. Which of the following recommendations would she find in your textbook?
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Hold your hands tightly in front of you to prevent distracting gestures.
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In which of the following situations will the personal appearance of the speaker have an impact on the audience?
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Record the speech to check how it sounds.
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When approaching the lectern and beginning your speech, you should….
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Establish eye contact with the audience before you start to speak.