College Speech Class Chapter 1

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Intrapersonal
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communication with yourself
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interpersonal
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communication between 2 people
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group
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communication involving 3 or more people interacting with and influencing one another.
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public
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communication in which one person speaks face to face with an audience.
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Mass
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Communication with audience not face to face. Method of communication becomes very important
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Speaker
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Sender, source, or encoder
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Message
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The ideas communicated
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Listener
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who the message is sent to, they shape the message through decoding.
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Feedback
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Includes all messages, verbal and nonverbal, sent by listeners to speakers.
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Channel
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Way by which the message is sent. Both Speaker and Listener use this to send the message and feedback. Ex. Vibrations in the air from the speakers voice.
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Environment
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1. The occasion during with the communication occurs. 2. The physical setting where the communication occurs
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Noise
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anything that distracts from effective communication
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Physical Noise
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Anything physical that distracts from communication. Ex. Traffic, lighting, temperature, etc…
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Physiological Noise
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Bodily distractions from communication. Ex. Stomach growling, headache, cold affecting hearing or sight, etc…
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Psychological Noise
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Mental distractions from communication. Ex daydreaming, anxiety, joy, etc…
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Encoding
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The process of putting ideas into symbols
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Decoding
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Attaching meanings to the words, gestures, and vocal inflections.
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Critical Thinking
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Reasonable reflective thinking that is focused on deciding what to believe or do.
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Communication
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The sharing of meaning by sending and receiving symbolic cues.
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Interpreter
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Person who is communicating with words and other symbols. Both the sender and receiver of messages are this.
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Symbol
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Anything to which people attach or assign a meaning
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Referent
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the object or idea for which the symbol stands, and depends on each individuals knowledge and experience.

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