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CMA Review Book Chapter 23 Physical Therapy

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Physiarty
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The branch of medicine that used physical devices or agents therapeutically for the diagnosis, treatment, management, and prevention of disease is
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Range of motion
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The degree to which a joint is able to move is known as
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Scoliosis
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Lateral deviation in the normal vertical curve of the spine is called
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Paraplegia
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Paralysis of the lower portion of the body?
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Cryotherapy
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The use of dry or wet cold applications to control bleeding by constricting blood vessels is known as
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For pregnant or menstruating women
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Heat therapy should not be used
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15 to 30 minutes
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How long does diathermy usually last?
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To reduce clotting
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Cryotherapy is not used for what purpose
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Hemiparesis
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Muscular weakness of one half of the body is called
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Move crutches no more than 6 inches at time
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Patients instructed on how to use crutches should be told to
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On a towel or pillowcase places over the pad
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When using a heating pad, the patient must lie
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Flexion
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Movement allowed by joints to decrease the angle between two adjoining bones is called
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Reduction
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Correction of a fracture, dislocation, or hernia is called
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Action potentials
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Electromyography is the process of electrically recording muscle
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Metal implants
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Diathermy is not used for treating patients with
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2 to 4 feet
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How far from the area being treated should a heat lamp be placed?
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Shortwave diathermy
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What heat therapies used radio waves to provide heat deep in the body?
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Gait assessment
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A way of assessing the patient’s walking behavior is called
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Knead the pad and then cover it with cloth before placing it on the patient
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When using a chemical hot pack in heat therapy, you should
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Level with the top of the femur
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How high should the top of a cane be?
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Lordosis
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Exaggerated anterior curvature of the lumbar spine is called
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Four-point gait
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A slow gait used by persons who can bear weight on both legs is referred to as a
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Swing-to gait
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A modified three-point gait often used by persons with physical disabilities is called
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Goniometry
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What methods of measurement is used to assess the range of motion of a joint?
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Prevention of swelling
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A patient comes to the medical office for annual physical examination. While walking into the office, the patient trips and falls on his right knee. What is the most likely effect of immediately applying ice to the patient’s knee?