Civics Chapter 7 Page 206

Term Definition
Electoral College A group of people named by each state legislature to select the president and vice president.
Elector Person appointed to vote in presidential elections for the major candidates
Executive Order A rule or command that has the force of law.
Pardon A declaration of forgiveness and freedom from punishment.
Reprieve An order to delay a person's punishment until a higher court can hear the court.
Amnesty A pardon to a group of people.
Foreign Policy A nation's overall plan for dealing with other nations.
National Security The ability to keep the country safe from attack or harm.
Treaty A formal agreement between the governments of two or more countries.
Executive Agreement An agreement between the president and the leader of another country.
Ambassador An official representative of a country's government.
Trade Sanction An effort to punish another nation by imposing trade barriers.
Embargo An agreement among a group of nations that prohibits them all from trading with a target nation.
Cabinet A group of advisers to the president that includes the heads of 15 top-level executive departments.
Federal Bureaucracy The collective agencies and employees of the executive branch.
Government Corporation A business owned and operated by the federal government.
Political Appointee A person appointed to a federal position by the president.
Civil Service Worker Person hired into a government position.
Civil Service System The practice of hiring government workers based on the basis of open, competitive examinations and merit.
Spoils System Rewarding people with government jobs basis of their political support.
Merit System Hiring people into government jobs on the basis of their qualifications.
Independent Agency Federal board or commission that is not part of any cabinet department.

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