Civics Ch. 3

question

What best defines the principle of popular sovereignty
answer

The ultimate source of governmental authority is the people
question

The idea of a Republic or representative government first developed in ancient
answer

Rome
question

Who is known as the father of the Constitution and the principal author of the Bill of Rights
answer

James Madison
question

What historic document first established the principal of Rule of Law
answer

Magna Carta
question

Which complaint was the greatest barrier to ratifying the Constitution
answer

It did NOT include a Bill of Rights
question

Consider these quotes: “Life, liberty, and property…” – John Locke “Life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness…” – Thomas Jefferson Both quotations list what our nation’s founders believed to be
answer

natural rights
question

What issue at the Constitutional Convention was resolved by what is known as the “Great Compromise”
answer

the representation of the states in Congress
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The Articles of Confederation reflected American’s fear of
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a strong central government
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Which political philosopher favored separate legislative, executive, and judicial branches
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Baron de Montesquieu
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Thomas Paine, author of Common Sense, was influenced by Rousseau’s argument that a government should be dissolved if it
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acted contrary to the general will

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