Cicerone Certified Beer Server

What type of system must alcoholic beverages comply with in the United States?
The three-tier system

What are the three-tiers that combine to make the three-tier system?

Who do those that make up the three tier system sell to?
Brewers and Importers —> wholesalers and distributors. Wholesalers/Distributors —> on- and off-premise retailers. Retailers —> Consumers

Some states have granted exceptions to the three-tier system. What are common exceptions?
1. Brewpubs that both brew and retail to consumers
2. Breweries that brew and sell directly to retailers or consumers.

How/when is beer best consumed?

When is beer ready to drink?
When it is released from the brewery

What drinks may be interesting to drink months or years later if properly cellared?
Strong or intensely flavored beers with high ABV

How can freshness be preserved or enhanced by wholesaler and retailer actions?
1. Rotating Inventory
2. Storing Beer Properly
3. Serve Beer Properly

What does rotating inventory mean?
Making sure beer is consumed in the order of dating, removing out of date products from service inventory, and have staff encourage, sell, and promote all beers offered.

How do you store beer properly?
Refrigerated storage is best for all beers at all times and is required for draft beer and many craft beers. Non-refrigerated storage accelerates aging and development of off- flavors

What types of beers are subject to skunking?
Bottled Beers

Why are bottled beers subject to skunking?
Sunlight and fluorescent light.

Name the types of bottled beers in order from most effective at preventing skunking to least.
1. Cans, ceramic bottles, and bottles in closed case boxes that completely shield beer from light give max protection from skunking
2. Brown glass – Blocks 98% of skunking wavelengths of light. Provides the best protection of any bottle.
3. Green glass bottles – Block 20% of skunking wavelengths. Development of skunkiness may be evident after a few minutes.
4. Clear glass offers no protection against skunking. Development of skunky flavor occurs in minutes

What should never be used instead of CO2 or a CO2-nitrogen mix in a draft dispense system?
Compressed air

How long does a party pump limit the flavor stability of beer and why?
Less than one day, because oxygen is put in contact with the beer

What are the key elements of a draft system?
1. Keg
2. Coupler
3. FOB (Foam-on-beer)
4. Faucet

What is the standard temperature of a draft system?
38 F

How long should kegs be in the cooler in order to prevent foaming?
24 hours prior to service

Who can set/adjust gas pressure applied to a keg?
A draft-trained professional

How often is cleaning of draft system required?
Every 14 days

Why do draft systems need to be cleaned?
To prevent development of off-flavors in beer and to ensure proper operation of the draft system

Why not pour beer prior to full completion of draft system cleaning?
the hazardous nature of cleaning solutions

What new tastes has recent research identified?
Fat and Carbonation