Chemistry Semester Fill in the blank review

question

Forest fire releases energy in the form of what?
answer

heat and light
question

A chemical reaction in which two or more substances react to produce a single product is called what?
answer

synthesis
question

A chemical reaction in which oxygen combines with a substance and releases energy in the form of heat and light is called what?
answer

combustion
question

In an aqueous solution, the solvent is always what?
answer

in water
question

A real-life example of a decomposition reaction is what?
answer

air bags deploy
question

A real-life example of a synthesis reaction is what?
answer

formation of salt
question

A real-life example of a combustion reaction is what?
answer

fireworks
question

A real-life example of a double replacement reaction is what?
answer

neutralization of acids
question

The amount of product formed during a reaction depends on the what?
answer

limiting reactant
question

A chemical equation rarely produces the what of the product?
answer

theorectical yield
question

Chemists sometimes use what to speed up a chemical reaction?
answer

catalysts
question

When particles are emitted from a radioactive substance it is said to what?
answer

decay
question

What decay occurs when an alpha particle is emitted from a nucleus?
answer

alpha
question

What decay is redistribution of the energy within the nucleus?
answer

gamma
question

What is the device that is used to detect and measure radioactivity?
answer

Geiger counter
question

The surface tension of water is greater than the surface tension of cooking oil because the attractive forces between the molecules of cooking oils is what than the attractive forces between the molecules of water?
answer

weaker
question

Paper towels can absorb water to a large extent because what forces between the molecules of paper and water are greater than the what forces among water molecules?
answer

adhesion and cohesive
question

The smallest, repetitive of crystals such as fluorite and corundum are called what?
answer

unit cells
question

When a liquid is insoluble in another liquid, the liquids are said to be what?
answer

immiscible
question

A substance that does not dissolve in a solvent is said to be what in that solvent?
answer

insoluble
question

The maximum amount of solute that can dissolve in a given amount of solvent at a specific temperature and pressure is called what?
answer

saturated solution
question

A measure of the amount of solute dissolved in a specific amount of solvent or solution is called the what of the solution?
answer

solubility
question

When an ionic solid completely dissolves in water, the process is called what?
answer

dissociation

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