Chapter 9 Eating disorders correction

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A person who was receiving the best and most current treatment for an eating disorder would receive treatment designed to:
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deal first with changing the eating habits, then with what caused them
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The MOST realistic statement a person with anorexia would make following cognitive treatment is:
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I expect to feel fat because of my illness
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Research on the aftermath of anorexia nervosa shows that
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the death rate from anorexia appears to be declining.
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Which of the following is TRUE about recovery from anorexia?
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Anorectic behavior recurs in about one third of recovered patients
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What is a likely long term consequence of anorexia?
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continuing concern about weight and appearance
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For which of the following individuals is recovery from anorexia MOST likely?
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someone who is a teenager rather than a young adult
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Relapses of bulimia are MOST likely to occur following:
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life stresses
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Relase of ulimia is MORE likely, based on the person’s
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development of a pattern of frequent vomiting
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Hilde Bruch developed a psychodynamic theory for eating disorder. Using this theory, give three examples how an eating disorder may develop. Also, include a
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cognitive explanation of eating disorder
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The emphasis on female thinness helps create a strong predisposition toward eating disorders due to
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societal pressures
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According to Salvador Minuchin, A_ family patern is one in which membersare overinvolved in each other affairs
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enmeshed
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____ is a therapy program conducted in a hospital ward that emphasizes educating anoreic patients, encouraging them, and providing structured program for weight gain
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Supportive nursing care
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In the therapy approach called___, a therapist exposes a bulimic patient to binge-inducing stimuli and the prevents binge eating
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exposure and response prevention
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___ medication has been shown to be particularly effective with bulima nervosa
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Antidepressant
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The ritualistic behaviors surrounding food that are characterisitc of anorexia nervosa are similar to
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obsessive compulsive disorder
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The cessation of menstruation common to anorexic women is know as
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amemnorrhea
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Overeating and vomitting caracterize
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bulimia nervosa binge/purge anorexia nervosa
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Those that have bulimia nervosa may have between___ and binge episodes per week
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1;30
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Kidney disease and heart damage are possible medical complications of long term
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bulimia nervosa
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The function in the body of glucagonlike peptide 1 is to act as natural
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appetite suppressants
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The weight to which a persons body naturally returns after a diet s know as his or her
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If you wanted to supprt the company MOST known for combating eating disorders by using more typically
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Dove
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One difference betwwen the eating disorders and other disorders to:
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the recovered person often misses his or her symptoms
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The disorder characterized by low body weight and a disturbed body image is called___
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anorexia nervosa
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Anorexia nervosa that is characterized exclusivelly by controlling the intake of food is called___ anorexia nervosa
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restriciting type
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An emaciated woman who perceives herself as too fat illustrates
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distorted thinking
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A person who eats large amounts of food in a short period, repeatedly, with no other symptoms, would be said to have:
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a binge-eating disorder.
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Characteristics of anorexia nervosa include all the following EXCEPT
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a view that one is currently unattractively thin.
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Which of the following statements BEST reflects the relationship between gender and eating disorders?
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Most cases of eating disorders occur in females.
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The peak age range for the development of anorexia nervosa is
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14-18. (
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Which of the following is NOT true about anorexia nervosa?
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About 25 percent of people who experience anorexia nervosa are men
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Although most victims recover from eating disorders, between ______ and ______ of them become so seriously ill that they die from medical problems or from suicide.
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2 percent; 6 percent
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If a person says, ―I must be perfect in every way. I will be a better person if I deprive myself of food,‖ that person is engaging in:
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distorted thinking
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What is the MOST common outcome for individuals with anorexia nervosa?
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recovery
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In the 1940s, a group of volunteers was put on a semistarvation diet for six months. During the latter part of the study:
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the volunteers thought about food all the time
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People suffering from anorexia nervosa tend to:
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overestimate their body size.
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Which of these characteristics is MOST consistent with anorexia nervosa?
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body size overestimation
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Which one of the following would be LEAST likely to characterize the behavior of one experiencing anorexia nervosa?
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a hesitancy to think and talk about food
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Nonanorexic people who are placed on a starvation diet
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show many of the food preoccupations of anorexia nervosa
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Which of the following psychological problems is LEAST likely to be associated with anorexia nervosa?
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schizophrenia
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If a friend were experiencing anorexia nervosa, you wouldn’t be surprised to find that she was also experiencing all of the following EXCEPT:
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a personality disorder.
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The popular star whose death raised awareness of eating disorders was:
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Karen Carpenter
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Anorexic individuals often show which of the following personality chracteristics?
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obsessions
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Of the following, the psychological disorder that anorexia nervosa MOST resembles is:
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obsessive-compulsive disorder
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Consequences of anorexia nervosa include all of the following EXCEPT:
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fever and high blood pressure.
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Which of the following problems is common in anorexia nervosa?
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amenorrhea
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All of the following are compensatory behaviors for someone with bulimia EXCEPT:
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preoccupation with food.
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What appears to be the KEY factor in determining the types of food that are likely to be eaten in a binge?
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minimal chewing with soft texture
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People who binge:
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generally consume about 10,000 calories during a binge
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Why is bulimia nervosa such a concern on college campuses?
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Female college students are at high risk for developing bulimia
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Which of the following observations would NOT be consistent with what is usually characteristic of those diagnosed with bulimia nervosa?
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being 30 years old
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Regarding emotions, the pattern common in bulimia from prebinge, through binge, to postbinge is BEST described in sequence as:
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tension, powerlessness, shame.
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Vomiting as a compensatory behavior for those experiencing bulimia:
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ironically, leads to greater hunger and more frequent binges
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Which of the following statements BEST describes the effects of compensatory behaviors bulimics use in controlling weight?
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Repeated vomiting affects one’s ability to feel satiated.
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A person experiencing bulimia nervosa feels a sense of relief after a bingeing-vomiting session. The person’s behavior has been:
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negatively reinforced
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Following a very low-calorie weight-loss program, participants would be at MOST risk for:
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bingeing
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Immediately preceding the onset of an eating disorder, one would MOST likely find that the patient:
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had been successful in losing weight and had been praised by family
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Where would one be MOST likely to see the words, ―Nothing tastes as good as skinny feels‖?
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on a pro-anorexia Web site
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Which of the following statements would MOST likely be found on a pro-anorexia Web site?
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Nothing tastes as good as skinny feels
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Someone who is experiencing bulimia is MORE likely to ______ than someone experiencing anorexia.
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display characteristics of a personality disorder
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Which of the following is a medical condition MORE common in bulimia than anorexia?
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dental problems
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Biggest Loser‖ contestants, if they are like the majority of obese people, are MOST likely:
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to not display binge eating disorder.
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In which of the following disorders would you expect nearly equal numbers of men and women?
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binge eating disorder
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How does binge eating disorder differ from bulimia nervosa and anorexia nervosa? There is no body image dissatisfaction. People who have binge eating disorder tend to
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There is less gender difference in the incidence rates
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If a therapist thought that eating disorders were BEST explained by an interaction of sociocultural, psychological, and biological factors, that therapist would be taking a(n
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multidimensional perspective
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According to Hilde Bruch, which of the following would characterize ineffective parents whose children are prone to eating disorders?
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They decide when the child is hungry and misinterpret the actual condition of their children
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What does Hilde Bruch believe ineffective parents do that puts their children at risk for eating disorders?
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incorrectly interpret their children’s needs
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Parents who feed their children when they are anxious and comfort them when they are tired rather than letting them nap, run the risk of producing children who:
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can’t assess their own needs.
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People with alexithymia are NOT readily able to:
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put descriptive labels on what they are feeling.
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Compared to a person who is happy and self-confident, a person who is bored and depressed:
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is more likely to eat junk food
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Which of the following is the BEST example of alexithymia?
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inability to describe one’s feelings accurately
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I have this vague sense that something isn’t right, but I just can’t describe it,‖ is a statement MOST likely said by someone experiencing:
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alexithymia.
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People are MOST likely to eat junk food when they are experiencing:
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boredom.
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In general, which of the following statements about feelings that trigger eating is TRUE?
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Positive emotions are less likely than negative emotions to trigger the eating of junk food.
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Compared to the general public, people with eating disorders are MORE likely to:
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be depressed
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The concordance rate for anorexia nervosa in identical twins is 70 percent. This means that:
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if your identical twin has anorexia, your chances of having it are 70 percent
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―Depression and eating disorders are correlated.‖ What does this statement mean?
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People with eating disorders also tend to be depressed.
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In which of the following cases are you MOST likely to develop an eating disorder?
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if you have an identical twin with anorexia
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Serotonin levels are low in those with eating disorders and in those with obsessive-compulsive disorder and depression. This means that
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there is a relationship, but no evidence of causation.
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If you are overweight, the development of which of the following is MOST likely to appeal to you?
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a way to safely increase GLP-1 in humans
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Which of the following is the MOST accurate biological explanation for people who gain weight after losing it?
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The brain is trying to restore one to a weight set point
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People’s ―weight set point‖ is:
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the weight they are predisposed to maintain.
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GLP-1:
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suppresses appetite.
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Which professions put one MOST at risk for an eating disorder?
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actors and certain athletes
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Which of the following is MOST at risk for an eating disorder?
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a gymnast
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If you are an overweight female teenager with an eating disorder, you are MORE likely than your peers to do all of the following EXCEPT spend more time:
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playing video games
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Almost two-thirds of women athletes engage in self-destructive ways of controlling their weight. Which of
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taking diet pills
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A recent study showed a positive correlation between the time spent on Facebook and the likelihood of experiencing an eating disorder among adolescent girls. This result showed that:
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exposure to media might be related to an increase in eating disorders
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Which of the following conclusions about family patterns and eating disorders is MOST supported by systematic research?
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Families of those with bulimia nervosa and anorexia nervosa vary widely
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Current research on eating disorders is MOST consistent with which of the following statements?
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The rates of eating disorders are increasing in minority women—approaching rates found in white American women.
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Changes in body image among African American women and among women in non-Westernized cultures support the idea that ______ has/have a strong influence on body image.
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exposure to white U.S. culture
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A study of college men showed that they describe the ideal male as ______ and the ideal female as ______.
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muscular; thin
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Which of the following behaviors would be MOST likely to lead to a diagnosis of muscle dysmorphobia?
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A man who is muscular but does not see himself as he is and so continues to strive for a perfect body
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Of the following, the MOST appropriate diagnosis for a man who is strong and fit yet does not see himself that way is:
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muscle dysmorphobia
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Which of these disorders is LEAST likely to be found in women?
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muscle dysmorphia
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A man with muscle dysmorphobia is MOST likely to:
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feel that he is scrawny, despite the fact that he is not
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The major disadvantage of using forced tube-feeding for patients with eating disorders who refuse to eat is that the patients:
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may become distrustful of the therapist and uncooperative with further treatment

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