Chapter 9 – Flashcard

TermDefinition
Political Partyan association of voters broad common interests who want to influence or control decision making in government by electing the party's candidates to public office
Two-Party Systema system of government in which two parties compete for power
Third Partya party that challenges the two major parties
Platforma series of statements expressing the party's principles, beliefs, and positions on election issues
Plankeach individual part of a political party's platform
National Committeerepresentatives from the 50 state party organizations who run a political party
Caucusa meeting of political party members to conduct party business
Precincta geographic area that contains a specific number of voters
Wardseveral adjoining precincts making up a larger election unit
Political Machinea strong party organization that can control political appointments and deliver votes
Direct Primaryan election in which voters choose candidates to represent each party in a general election
Closed Primaryan election in which only the declared members of a party are allowed to vote for that party's nominees
Open Primaryan election in which voters need not declare their party preference to vote for the party's nominees
Pluralitythe most votes among all those running for a political office
Majoritya number that is more than 50 percent of the total
Petitiona formal request for government action

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