Chapter 8, African Americans Today – Flashcards

question
Research has established that
answer
70% of all violent crimes against Whites are perpetrated by Whites.
question
The practice of placing students in specific curriculum groups based on test scores is called
answer
tracking.
question
Why do conflict theorists find the higher arrest rate of African Americans to be uprising?
answer
The group is stereotyped by police and society.
question
Blacks are more likely to suffer from _____ than Whites, perhaps due to racial tensions.
answer
hypertension
question
Only _____ percent of all doctorates awarded in 2008 were to African Americans.
answer
6.1%
question
The view that prejudice and discrimination contribute to health care problems is taken by which of the following perspectives?
answer
conflict
question
Which of the following describes a strength of the Black family, according to Robert Hill?
answer
Compared with working class Whites, they push their children to attend college; churches are often behind grassroots organizations; Black women are often self-reliant
question
Black family life has been observed to have all of the following EXCEPT
answer
a patriarchal structure
question
Crimes against African Americans are viewed as less meaningful due to
answer
victim discounting
question
The percent of violent crimes against Whites perpetrated by Whites is
answer
70%
question
According to _____ "Class has become more important than race in determining black life-chances in the modern world."
answer
William Julius Wilson
question
According to a 2003 Harvard University study, _____ Black students attend apartheid schools in the U.S.
answer
1 in 6
question
In general, housing for Blacks
answer
is of lower quality as measured by plumbing facilities; requires a higher percentage of income than Whites pay; is inferior in quality to White housing at all income levels
question
African Americans have
answer
higher unemployment rates; a greater rate of business failure; lower paying jobs
question
Rosie, a Latina student, is signed up for vocational classes beginning in middle school; her counselors steer her toward more vocational classes in high school instead of toward a college preparatory classes. This phenomenon is an example of
answer
tracking
question
Which of the following describes underemployment?
answer
Jerry received a Master's degree in engineering but worked as a technician when he couldn't find a job as an engineer.
question
Reasons identified as contributing to residential segregation in the United States include
answer
prejudiced policies of some real estate companies; ineffective enforcement of anti-bias legislation; private prejudice by home sellers
question
Which of the following statements about segregation in schools is FALSE?
answer
Brown v. Board of Education eradicated segregation for good.
question
Whites being dealt with more leniently than Blacks, whether at the time of the arrest, indictment, conviction, sentencing, or parole, is known as
answer
differential justice
question
Which of the following is typical of African American families?
answer
strong kinship bonds
question
Financial lenders designate minority and racially challenging neighborhoods as poor investments in a practice called
answer
redlining
question
Redlining is the practice in which financial lenders designate
answer
housing in minority and racially changing neighborhoods as a poor investment
question
In the future, African American housing will likely
answer
be primarily in all-Black neighborhoods
question
Data since the 1960's indicate that
answer
public schools are becoming increasingly segregated by race
question
Black sociologist Franklin Frazier viewed members of the Black middle class as
answer
preoccupied with becoming acceptable to White society
question
In 2008, the percentage of jail inmates who were Black was
answer
39%
question
The type of school segregation that results from residential patterns is
answer
de facto segregation
question
Unemployment among young Blacks is high because of
answer
increased competition from immigrants and illegal aliens; entry of White women into the labor force; depressed economy of the central cities
question
The term glass ceiling refers to
answer
artificial barriers to promoting qualified workers
question
Several of the educational inadequacies African American students face today could be addressed
answer
by better funding
question
If you have a job for which you are overqualified, you are
answer
underemployed
question
Attempts to measure crime rates by interviewing ordinary citizens are called
answer
victimization surveys
question
In the interval from 1981-2008, the percentage of doctorates awarded to African Americans
answer
reflected a modest increase
question
The most consistently documented strength of the Black family is the presence of
answer
an extended family household
question
Blacks progress in higher education has been inhibited by
answer
the negative publicity about affirmative action
question
In 2010, the approximate percentage of single mother households among Blacks was
answer
50%
question
Underemployment refers to
answer
involuntarily working part time; intermittent employment; working at a job for which one is overqualified
question
Compared with Whites, Black men have higher death rates from
answer
cancer; heart disease; stress
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question
Research has established that
answer
70% of all violent crimes against Whites are perpetrated by Whites.
question
The practice of placing students in specific curriculum groups based on test scores is called
answer
tracking.
question
Why do conflict theorists find the higher arrest rate of African Americans to be uprising?
answer
The group is stereotyped by police and society.
question
Blacks are more likely to suffer from _____ than Whites, perhaps due to racial tensions.
answer
hypertension
question
Only _____ percent of all doctorates awarded in 2008 were to African Americans.
answer
6.1%
question
The view that prejudice and discrimination contribute to health care problems is taken by which of the following perspectives?
answer
conflict
question
Which of the following describes a strength of the Black family, according to Robert Hill?
answer
Compared with working class Whites, they push their children to attend college; churches are often behind grassroots organizations; Black women are often self-reliant
question
Black family life has been observed to have all of the following EXCEPT
answer
a patriarchal structure
question
Crimes against African Americans are viewed as less meaningful due to
answer
victim discounting
question
The percent of violent crimes against Whites perpetrated by Whites is
answer
70%
question
According to _____ "Class has become more important than race in determining black life-chances in the modern world."
answer
William Julius Wilson
question
According to a 2003 Harvard University study, _____ Black students attend apartheid schools in the U.S.
answer
1 in 6
question
In general, housing for Blacks
answer
is of lower quality as measured by plumbing facilities; requires a higher percentage of income than Whites pay; is inferior in quality to White housing at all income levels
question
African Americans have
answer
higher unemployment rates; a greater rate of business failure; lower paying jobs
question
Rosie, a Latina student, is signed up for vocational classes beginning in middle school; her counselors steer her toward more vocational classes in high school instead of toward a college preparatory classes. This phenomenon is an example of
answer
tracking
question
Which of the following describes underemployment?
answer
Jerry received a Master's degree in engineering but worked as a technician when he couldn't find a job as an engineer.
question
Reasons identified as contributing to residential segregation in the United States include
answer
prejudiced policies of some real estate companies; ineffective enforcement of anti-bias legislation; private prejudice by home sellers
question
Which of the following statements about segregation in schools is FALSE?
answer
Brown v. Board of Education eradicated segregation for good.
question
Whites being dealt with more leniently than Blacks, whether at the time of the arrest, indictment, conviction, sentencing, or parole, is known as
answer
differential justice
question
Which of the following is typical of African American families?
answer
strong kinship bonds
question
Financial lenders designate minority and racially challenging neighborhoods as poor investments in a practice called
answer
redlining
question
Redlining is the practice in which financial lenders designate
answer
housing in minority and racially changing neighborhoods as a poor investment
question
In the future, African American housing will likely
answer
be primarily in all-Black neighborhoods
question
Data since the 1960's indicate that
answer
public schools are becoming increasingly segregated by race
question
Black sociologist Franklin Frazier viewed members of the Black middle class as
answer
preoccupied with becoming acceptable to White society
question
In 2008, the percentage of jail inmates who were Black was
answer
39%
question
The type of school segregation that results from residential patterns is
answer
de facto segregation
question
Unemployment among young Blacks is high because of
answer
increased competition from immigrants and illegal aliens; entry of White women into the labor force; depressed economy of the central cities
question
The term glass ceiling refers to
answer
artificial barriers to promoting qualified workers
question
Several of the educational inadequacies African American students face today could be addressed
answer
by better funding
question
If you have a job for which you are overqualified, you are
answer
underemployed
question
Attempts to measure crime rates by interviewing ordinary citizens are called
answer
victimization surveys
question
In the interval from 1981-2008, the percentage of doctorates awarded to African Americans
answer
reflected a modest increase
question
The most consistently documented strength of the Black family is the presence of
answer
an extended family household
question
Blacks progress in higher education has been inhibited by
answer
the negative publicity about affirmative action
question
In 2010, the approximate percentage of single mother households among Blacks was
answer
50%
question
Underemployment refers to
answer
involuntarily working part time; intermittent employment; working at a job for which one is overqualified
question
Compared with Whites, Black men have higher death rates from
answer
cancer; heart disease; stress
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