Chapter 7-6 Nervous System

question

autonomic nervous system
answer

Nerves that control involuntary body functions of muscles, glands, and internal organs.
question

brain
answer

The part of the central nervous system that is located in the skull and controls most functions in the body
question

central nervous system
answer

brain and spinal cord
question

cerebellum
answer

the “little brain” attached to the rear of the brainstem; it helps coordinate voluntary movement and balance
question

cerebrospinal fluid
answer

the fluid in and around the brain and spinal cord
question

cerebrum
answer

large part of the brain that controls the senses and thinking
question

diencephalon
answer

the part of the brain containing both the thalamus and the hypothalamus
question

hypothalamus
answer

area of the brain that is part of the limbic system and regulates behaviors such as, eating, drinking, sexual behaviors, motivation; also body temperature
question

medulla oblongata
answer

part of the brain which controls living functions such as breathing, heart rate, blood pressure, body temperature
question

meninges
answer

A membrane (one of 3) that envelops the brain and spinal cord
question

midbrain
answer

the middle portion of the brain
question

nerves
answer

many nerve fibers located outside the brain and spinal cord
question

nervous system
answer

consists of brain, spinal cord, and nerves and regulates the body’s responses to internal and external stimuli
question

neuron
answer

a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
question

parasympathetic
answer

originates in the brain stem and lower part of the spinal cord
question

peripheral nervous system
answer

the section of the nervous system lying outside the brain and spinal cord
question

pons
answer

the section located below the midbrain and in the brainstem
question

somatic nervous system
answer

carries messages between th CNS
question

spinal cord
answer

Nerves that run up and down the length of the back and transmit most messages between the body and brain
question

sympathetic
answer

maintain a balance in the body
question

thalamus
answer

brain region that sorts and exerts some control over information going to and from the cerebral cortex
question

ventricles
answer

the two lower chambers of the heart, and they pump blood out to the lungs and body.

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member