Chapter 5 Music Appreciation

Composer who damaged his hands
Robert Schumann
Johannes Brahms
was a close friend of Clara and Robert Schumann
Composer who wrote an opera that included a love triangle and being sealed in a tomb while still alive
Guiseppe Verdi
Western World’s musical capital
Paris
Practice that evolved throughout the late Romantic Period was an attempt to add realism and somehow make operatic presentation true to life, is called
verismo
Composer who helped revive performance of the music of Bach?
Felix Mendelssohn
The piano’s relentless rhythm in The Erlking unifies the episodes of the song and suggests
a galloping horse
The practice of composers providing written notes for their audiences to enhance understand of instrumental music is called _______.
program music
A Romantic period composer of German decent wrote large, lived large, and was constantly in debt.
Richard Wagner
Had a short life but composed over 600 songs.
Franz Schubert
Trepak, Russian Dance, is an example of
nationalism
Created in the Romantic Period
Dracula
Frederic Chopin was
shy and reserved
Romantic composer who earned his living as a touring piano performing virtuoso was
Franz Liszt
Romantic Period composer and performer who was considered a pop star at his prime.
Franz Liszt
Perhaps the most well-known and widely published composer in America during the 1800s was
Stephen Foster
A significant musical event in America during the Romantic period, was development and preservation of the
spirituals
Best known wind instrument maker of the Romantic period
Adolph Sax
A Romantic period art song is a musical composition for
solo voice and piano
Composer that was the son of a medical doctor
Hector Berlioz
When a composer writes new music for each stanza in a poem, the form is called
through-composed
Erlking’s four main characters: the narrator, father, Erlking and
child
Form uses the same music under words that change for each verse
Strophic
Robert Schumann died
in an asylum
Berlioz’s Fantastic Symphony is unified by the recurrence of a theme known as the
idee fixe
Felix Mendolsshon was a child prodigy much like
Wolfgang Motzart
Resulted in factories and jobs during the Romantic Period
Industrial Revolution
Drawing creative inspiration from cultures of lands foreign to the composer
exoticism
Wrote a handbook on orchestration that became the guidebook for composers for almost a century.
Hector Berlioz
“Music that most people pay to hear.”
Popular
Clara Wieck
all of the above
Nationalism in the arts
is the tendency of composers to insert fold music, folk-lore, historical events, or descriptions of their country into their works.
Three of the most important opera composers of the Romantic period were Richard Wagner, Giacomo Puccini and _____.
Giuseppe Verdi
One significant American musical events was the development and preservation of the _____.
Negro Spiritual
A musical device that assigns melodies to specific characters and events.
Leit motif
Main music center was located in
Paris
Which word translates as “real?”
Verismo
What was the first machine capable recording and playing back sound?
Phonograph
Mendelssohn wrote a concerto especially for a friend featuring the
violin
A group of art songs organized around a single topic
song cycle
Erlking by Franz Schubert is an example of an
art song
Trumpets could play melodies that were previously impossible to play because of ______
valves
New genre of literature came into being during the Romantic period
horror
Instrument that was never truly accepted as an orchestral instrument
Saxophone
Wrote a symphony about a person while under the influence of opium
Hector Berlioz
During the Romantic period, musical instruments began to be _______.
Manufactured in factories
Wagner used leitmotifs. They were
signature melodies that represent characters, places, and things in the opera.
During the Romantic period, the concept of the ____ arose.
Starving Artist
Most famous early pioneer in the field of psychotherapy
Sigmund Freud
Clara Wieck Schumann was
a virtuoso pianist
The number of significant composers in the Romantic period
was much larger than in any previous period
Dynamic indications in the Romantic period expanded to include
pppp and ffff
Symphony From the New World is an example of ______.
exoticism
New group in society was formed during the Romantic period
Working middle class
Another name for Spirtuals
jubilee
A study piece, designed to help a performer master specific technical difficulties.
etude
Frederic Chopin had a long love affair with the author _____.
Aurore Dudevant
The Romantic period lasted from
1820-1900
Two groups of people suffered during the Romantic Period
American Indians and slaves
The Erlking character represents ____.
death
As one of the first great _______, Berlioz influenced a whole generation of musicians.
orchestral conductors