Chapter 4 the nursing process and critical thinking

question

Critical thinking
answer

Directed, purposeful mental activity by which ideas are created and evaluated, plans are constructed, and desired outcomes ate are decided
question

Outcomes
answer

Result of actions
question

Priority
answer

Something taking precedence over other things at a particular time because of greater importance
question

Clinical judgment
answer

The outcome or results of clinical reasoning
question

When formulating a nursing care plan, what factors contribute to the success of the plan ?
answer

-patient input – collaboration with other health care team members -thorough assessment – prioritization of needs/ concerns – critical thinking
question

In order to solve a problem, one should use the following steps ?
answer

– define the problem clearly -consider all possible alternatives as solutions to the problem -consider possible outcomes for each alternative -predict the likelihood of each outcome occurring -choose the alternative with the best chance of success and fewest undesirable outcomes.
question

Explain how critical thinking differs from ordinary thinking. Explain the difference between critical thinking and clinical reasoning ?
answer

Rather than thinking about something at random, critical thinking is directed and purposeful & requires skills such as effective reading, writing, attentive listening, and effective communicating. Critical thinking involves keeping an open mind and looking at an issue from different perspectives. Clinical reasoning is critical thinking in a clinical setting.
question

Aspects of effective communication include:
answer

Speaking clearly & concisely, considering what has been said and thinking before speaking, attentively listening before responding.
question

How might you improve ur critical thinking skills and clinical reasoning skills?
answer

Critical thinking skills can be improved by focusing on main ideas and relevant data while reading. Clinical reasoning came be improved by discussing patient care scenarios and prioritization with ur clinical instructor.
question

How are patients problems usually prioritized
answer

Maslow hierarchy of basic needs.
question

When prioritizing nursing tasks, you should consider ?
answer

What will happen if task is not done
question

Define KSAs and explain why evidence based practice KSAs are important for nursing students to acquire?
answer

Knowledge , skills, attitudes .
question

The nursing process
answer

Is an organized method of delivering patient care. Provides a framework for planning, implementing, evaluating nursing care.
question

The 3rd step in the problem solving process is to
answer

Consider the possible outcomes for each alternative
question

Concept mapping helps promote critical thinking. It assist students to
answer

Gather data in a logical order and group it in a meaningful way
question

When setting priorities for nursing care, problems that threaten health are considered
answer

High priority
question

When all tasks have relatively high priority and if is not possible to accomplish them all, you must ..
answer

Delegate some tasks to others to complete
question

Assessment
answer

Collecting, organizing, documenting, and validating a patients health data
question

Nursing diagnosis
answer

Sorting and analyzing the assessment dats to identify potential health problems
question

What are the components of the nursing process
answer

Assessment Diagnosis Planning Implementation Evaluation
question

Planning
answer

a series of steps in which the nurse and the patient set priorities and goals to eliminate diminish or control identified problems
question

Implementation
answer

Carrying out nursing interventions prioritized during the planning process
question

Evaluation
answer

Assessing the patient to valuate his or her response to the nursing interventions. Responses compared with expected outcomes to evaluate whether outcomes have been met.
question

Clinical judgment
answer

Is the outcome of clinical reasoning, the conclusion or decision you arrive at as a result of exercising your clinical reasoning skills
question

Concept mapping
answer

Helps students learn to synthesize pertinent assessment data, develop a comprehensive care plans, link nursing interventions with health problems and nursing diagnosis, and effectively implement the care plans
question

Priority setting
answer

Placing nursing diagnoses/interventions in order of importance
question

High priority
answer

Life-threatening problems such as breathing, chest pains
question

Medium priority
answer

Problems that threaten health or coping ability such as constipation
question

Low priority
answer

Problems that do not have major effect on the person if not attended to that day or week known as knowledge deficit was

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member