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Chapter 4 Speech Essay

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A thesis should be phrased as _______. a complete, declarative sentence a shortened paragraph a rhetorical question an infinitive phrase
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a complete, declarative sentence
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Even if they forget everything else, the one thing you want your listeners to remember from your speech is your ________. thesis general purpose context specific purpose
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thesis
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Another name for your central idea is your ______. thesis context general purpose specific purpose
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thesis
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When speaking to an audience that is opposed to your position, it is BEST to present your thesis explicitly and early. True False
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False
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In a persuasive speech, your thesis states what you want your audience to believe or accept. True False
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True
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Which of the following is an example of a specific purpose? To inform my audience on the education budget changes. There are four aspects to the increased education budget. The education budget must be increased. We should all consider voting against the new budget.
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To inform my audience on the education budget changes.
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Kayla’s speech on the four types of renewable energy was easy to divide into logical sections. This, in turn, made it easy for Kayla to determine her _______. organizational pattern specific purpose conclusion thesis
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organizational pattern
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A speech topic should be important enough to merit the time and attention of an audience. In other words, the topic should be ________. serious simplistic sensitive substantive
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substantive
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A ________ diagram helps you divide your speech topic repeatedly into its significant parts. Venn car bear tree
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tree
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You should avoid using websites that sell speeches and term papers for a fee. True False
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True
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Debbie has been around race horses all her life and plans to give her speech on the costs of having a race horse. What did Debbie use to find a speech topic? topic list herself a news item brainstorming
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herself
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Google and Yahoo! are helpful when determining a speech topic because they are ___________. modems software platforms search directories servers
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search directories
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Speakers would use topoi when __________. generating support materials defining the specific purpose writing a conclusion focusing their general topic
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focusing their general topic
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When using a diagram to divide your topic, you should start with your _______. thesis conclusion general topic transitions
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general topic
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When you brainstorm to find a speech topic, you try to generate as many ideas as possible. True False
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True
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How many ideas should be included in a specific purpose? three two four one
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one
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After listening to her speech, Michelle wants her audience to understand the function of the electoral college. Michelle has determined her _________. thesis general purpose transition specific purpose
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specific purpose
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Sienna is preparing an informative speech to give to the class. Since she knows that it is an informative speech, Sienna knows her _________. thesis general purpose specific purpose central idea
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general purpose
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There are ____ types of general purposes of public speeches. five three six four
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three
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In a persuasive speech you try to influence attitudes or behaviors of your audience. True False
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True
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Carmen is speaking to a small group consisting of people who are completely uninformed about her topic of environmental salvaging. How should Carmen present her thesis to this group? She should first provide her arguments and then state her thesis if necessary. She should state it very clearly and explicitly. She should ask her audience if they want to know her thesis. She does not need to state her thesis.
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She should state it very clearly and explicitly.
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In an informative speech, your thesis states what you want your audience to ____. teach value believe learn
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learn
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When you use the information found on the Gallup Organization website, you are relying on _____ to find a speech topic. topic lists news items surveys demographics
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surveys
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The text lists three important characteristics of a good public speaking topic. Which one of these is NOT one of those characteristics? demographic appropriate substantive culturally sensitive
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demographic
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Taboo topics refer to those speech topics which should _____. be discussed openly be considered first not be discussed overshadow any other topic selections
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not be discussed
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Michael’s professor suggested he look at topic lists in order to find a topic for his speech. Where would Michael find a topic list? news magazine Internet newspaper card catalog
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Internet
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In order to figure out what he should speak about, Nathan got out a piece of paper and wrote down every possible topic he could think of. What method is Nathan using to find a speech topic? self-talk actualization gunnysacking brainstorming
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brainstorming
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t would be appropriate for an American speaker to speak about religion and politics when visiting a Muslim country. True False
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False
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Colleen couldn’t believe that Jessie would choose to speak about living paycheck-to-paycheck when she knew Jessie could buy whatever she wanted at anytime ever since she inherited her grandmother’s fortune. Colleen is questioning whether Jessie’s speech is _________. demographic culturally sensitive substantive appropriate
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appropriate
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Which of the following explains the topic-selection technique known as topoi? interviewing sources finding statistics asking questions reviewing history
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asking questions
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Which of these methods for selecting a topic requires you to divide your topic repeatedly into its significant parts until making it manageable for a speech? topoi tree diagram search directory demographics
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tree diagram
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The “hot topics” found on search engines and browsers are those topics which should not be discussed in public and therefore are not good speech topics. True False
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False
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Yahoo! is a search directory and can be useful for finding a speech topic. True False
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True
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For her speech to the history class, Barbara plans to talk about World War II. She has found several maps and photographs which she plans to reference as she speaks. What aspect of the speech topic is Barbara failing to consider? Her topic is too broad. Her topic is not culturally sensitive. Her topic is not appropriate for her audience. Her support materials are too general.
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Her topic is too broad.
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The text lists five guidelines to use when creating your specific purpose. Which of the following is NOT one of those guidelines? limit it to what you can reasonably expect to achieve focus the purpose in terms of its impact on the audience use general terms limit it to one idea
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use general terms
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A specific purpose should contain only one idea. True False
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True
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Every speech is based on a general purpose and a _____ purpose. contextual informative specific individual
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specific
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Lynn has been asked to make a toast at her sister’s wedding reception. Which type of speech will Lynn make? special occasion persuasive manuscript informative
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special occasion
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A specific purpose should be written as an infinitive phrase. Which of the following is correctly written as an infinitive phrase? I will ask my audience to contribute money to the new wing of the children’s hospital. To persuade my audience to contribute money to the new wing of the children’s hospital. My audience will understand the importance of contributing to the children’s hospital. Audience members will see the need for contributing to the children’s hospital.
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To persuade my audience to contribute money to the new wing of the children’s hospital.
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In general, the specific purpose of your speech is NOT stated directly in your speech. True False
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True
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Carlos has been rock climbing his entire life and plans to talk to the class about how they can get started with this sport. What method of finding a speech topic did Carlos use? personal experience brainstorming topic generator survey
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personal experience
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Nigel told Roberto not to discuss anything regarding illegal aliens or illicit drugs when talking to the group of students from Mexico as they could be offended. These would be considered ______ topics. taboo hot contact substantive
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taboo
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According to the text, the most important criterion of a good topic is that it should deal with matters of substance. True False
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True
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Marcus will be speaking to a group of people who do NOT agree with his belief that year-round school will benefit every child. When should Marcus introduce his thesis to this group? Marcus should state his thesis early, clearly, and directly in order to get his points across. He should give his evidence and arguments first to help make the audience feel more positive and then introduce his thesis. He should avoid stating his thesis so as not to upset the audience. Marcus should state his thesis first and test the audience response.
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He should give his evidence and arguments first to help make the audience feel more positive and then introduce his thesis.
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A speaker would use a tree diagram when he or she ______. delivers the speech looks for reference material selects a topic rehearses the speech
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selects a topic
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Which of the following demonstrates a correctly written thesis? Support the college’s new recycling policy. It is important to recycle on campus because our earth has limited resources. Last year alone, students decreased waste by 21%. To demonstrate the importance of recycling on campus. Why recycle?
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Support the college’s new recycling policy.
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Which of the following describes the way a speaker would use topoi? Reggie knew there were certain topics he should avoid talking about during his semester of study in Argentina. Richard knew he wanted to give a speech on the discounted lunch program available to needy families. In order to narrow his topic, he asked himself questions such as “Who uses the program?” and “What schools have the most kids in the program?” Before starting her speech, Corinne paused and made eye contact with her audience. In order to come up with a topic for her speech, Kelly decided to write down all of her favorite childhood activities, divide the top three into subparts until the topics seem manageable, and then select one as her topic.
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Richard knew he wanted to give a speech on the discounted lunch program available to needy families. In order to narrow his topic, he asked himself questions such as “Who uses the program?” and “What schools have the most kids in the program?”
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Giving a toast at a friend’s anniversary party is an example of a special occasion speech. True False
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True
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If you want your speech to demonstrate how something works, you would prepare ______ speech. a persuasive an impromptu an informative a special occasion
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an informative
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The main idea of your speech is identified by the _____. general purpose specific purpose context thesis
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thesis
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You would use an infinitive phrase, such as “To inform my audience of the new watering policies” when writing your ________. specific purpose general purpose thesis central idea
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specific purpose
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You can use your thesis statement to help generate the main points of your speech. True False
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True
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Marilee is planning to speak to the high school graduating class about the benefits of opening a 401K account when they get their first job. Which of the aspects of selecting a speech topic did Marilee forget to consider? appropriateness feedback culturally sensitive context
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appropriateness
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When using the brainstorming technique, you should be as specific as possible and disregard any ideas that don’t apply. True False
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False
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While the specific purpose focuses on the message, the thesis focuses on the audience. True False
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False
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Jenna is from Chicago and studied abroad in Sweden for a semester. She was stunned when her psychology professor openly discussed sexual situations and she was the only one in the class who felt uncomfortable. Which aspect of selecting a speech topic is Jenna concerned with? substantive appropriate culturally sensitive context
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culturally sensitive
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Many educational websites contain _______ on which you can repeatedly press a button to reveal a wide variety of speech ideas. search engines “like” buttons topic generators modems
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topic generators
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After looking at the latest website polls from Issues in Science and Technology, Nancy decided to select an aspect of health-care reform as her speech topic. Which method for selecting a speech topic did she use? surveys newspaper stories brainstorming personal experience
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surveys
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In which type of speech would your thesis statement present a point of view or an opinion? persuasive special occasion impromptu informative
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persuasive
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Of the following, which do you need to identify first when developing a speech? specific purpose general purpose central idea thesis
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general purpose