Chapter 38 HUSH

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John F. Kennedy’s strategy of flexible response
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called for a variety of military options
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When he became attorney general, Robert Kennedy sought to refocus the attention of the FBI on
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organized crime and civil rights
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President Kennedy chose to try to stimulate the sluggish economy through
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a tax cut
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JFK was often cautious in advancing social reform and civil rights legislation b/c
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southern democrats controlled key congressional committees
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President Kennedy’s most bitter confrontation with big business occurred when he
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forced steel industry to roll back steel price increases
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The purpose of Kennedy’s promise to land a man on the moon by the end of the 1960s was to
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restore American prestige in space race damaged by sputnik
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American military forces entered Vietnam in order to
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prevent Diem’s regime from falling to the communists
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Alliance for Progress, intended to improve economics and democratic reforms in L. America, was
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generally disappointing
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The Bay of Pigs invasion failed when
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the anti-Castro exiles were defeated by the Cuban military.
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When the Soviet Union attempted to install nuclear weapons in Cuba, President Kennedy ordered
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a naval quarantine of that island.
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The Cuban missile crisis resulted in all of the following except
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U.S. agreement to abandon the American base at Guantanamo.
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In 1963, Kennedy recommended the adoption of a policy toward the Soviet Union based on
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peaceful coexistence.
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At first, John F. Kennedy moved very slowly in the area of racial justice because he
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needed support of southern legislators to pass legislation.
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The Freedom Riders
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sought to end segregation in facilities serving bus passengers.
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JFK and RFK began to join hands with the civil rights movement when they
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sent federal marshals to protect the Freedom Riders.
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American and world public opinion turned strongly in favor of the civil rights movement when
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MLK’s peaceful demonstrators were attacked in Birmingham.
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The 1963 March on Washington led by Martin Luther King, Jr., provided critical support for
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the civil rights bill to end segregation.
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Martin Luther King, Jr. delivered his famous “I Have A Dream Speech,” in which he proclaimed
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children 1 day wouldn’t not be judged by their skin color
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At the time of his death, President John Kennedy’s civil rights bill
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was still bogged down in Congress.
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President Kennedy’s alleged assassin was
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Oswald
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Before he became VP and Pres, Lyndon Johnson had exercised great power as
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Majority Leader of the U.S. Senate
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President Johnson proved to be much more successful than President Kennedy at
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getting his legislation passed by Congress.
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Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 included a provision that
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prohibited sexual as well as racial discrimination.
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Opponents of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act calculated that
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liberals wouldn’t support law that ended giving women protections
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With the passage of the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
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Congress handed Johnson a blank check to use force in Vietnam
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Lyndon Johnson gained strong support for federal aid to education by
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channeling aid directly to students
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All of the following programs were created by Lyndon Johnson’s administration except
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the Peace Corps.
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In the final analysis, Lyndon Johnson’s Great Society programs
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won some noteworthy battles in education and health care.
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The landmark Civil Rights Act of 1964 accomplished all of the following except
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requiring affirmative action against discrimination.
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The common use of poll taxes to inhibit black voters in the South was outlawed by the
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Twenty-Fourth Amendment.
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After 1964, the chief goal of the black civil rights movement in the South became to
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secure the right to vote.
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As a result of the Voting Rights Act of 1965
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white southerners began to court black votes.
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The Watts riot in 1965 symbolized
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a confrontational phase of the civil rights movement.
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The militant Black leader who most directly challenged MLK’s goal of peaceful integration was
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Malcolm X
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By the late 1960s, Black Power advocates in the North focused their attention primarily on
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economic demands
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Some advocates of Black Power made the movement the basis for
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emphasizing African American distinctiveness and separatism supporting a movement “back to Africa.”
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By 1972, public schools in the South were
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integrated at higher rates than schools in the North.
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Latin Am nation where Johnson sent 25,000 troops to counteract alleged communist influence was
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Dominican Republic
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Aerial bombardment in Vietnam
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strengthened the communists’ will to resist.
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1967 6-Day War intensified the Arab-Israeli conflict by bringing into constant, direct conflict
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Israelis and Palestinians.
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The most serious blow to Lyndon Johnson’s Vietnam policy
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Tet Offensive
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During the Vietnam War, Johnson ordered the CIA, in clear violation of its charter, to
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spy on domestic antiwar protestors.
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attempt to nominate an antiwar Dem candidate for president in 1968 was critically hurt when
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Humphrey won Oregon and CA primaries
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The 1968 Democratic party convention witnessed
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a violent conflict outside the convention hall.
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The spoiler third-party candidate for president in 1968 was
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Wallace

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