Chapter 27 Narrative Essay

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Which of the following describes President Dwight D. Eisenhower’s \”middle way\” politics in the early 1950s?
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His domestic agenda were guided by moderation
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What did anti-Communist zealot Senator Joseph McCarthy do that led to this condemnation by the US sentate?
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McCarthy conducted televised hearings in which he charged that the US army was full of communists
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What was the Eisenhower administration’s approach to social welfare programs?
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It allowed the welfare state to grow and the federal government to take on new projects
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What was President Eisenhower’s most important and far-reaching domestic initiative?
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The passage of the Interstate highway and defense system act of 1956
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President Eisenhower believed that the development of nuclear power for domestic purposes should
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be left in the hands of private enterprise
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The three-part program for compensating, \”terminating\”, and relocating Native Americans reflected the Eisenhower administration’s commitment to
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limiting the scope of federal government activity
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In the context of President Eisenhower’s policy toward Native Americans, termination meant
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ending the federal government’s special relationship with the Indians by transferring jurisdiction over tribal lands to state and local governments
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What was one unintended consequence of the federal government’s program to relocate Native Americans?
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The emergence of a militant pan-Indian movement two decades later.
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In what direction did Eisenhower, the first Republican to serve as president after the New Deal, take the federal government during his second term?
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He left the size and functions of the Federal Government intact
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What was the key to President Eisenhower’s New Look in foreign policy?
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A smaller conventional army bolstered by strength in air power and nuclear weapons
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Secretary of State John Foster Dulles supported a foreign policy strategy of
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going to the brink of war to halt the Soviet’s efforts to extend their territory any further.
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When Hungarian freedom fighters mounted a revolt against the Soviet-controlled government of their country in 1956, the Eisenhower administration
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did nothing, because Eisenhower was unwilling to risk American soldiers or possible nuclear war
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President Eisenhower viewed communism in Vietnam as
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a force that had to be stopped before it spread to Japan, Taiwan and the Philippians
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Between 1955 and 1961, the United States spent $800 million in South Vietnam, most of it to
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fund the South Vietnamese army
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In the 1950s, the CIA intervened in the internal affairs of which of the following countries?
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Iran, Guatemala and Cuba
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Why did many Cuban people support the uprising led by Fidel Castro against Fulgencio Batista in 1959?
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Many Cuban people had a strong desire for political and economic autonomy
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Which Egyptian leader seized the Suez Canal in July 1956?
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Gamal Abdel Nasser
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What was the purpose of the Eisenhower Doctrine?
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And any Middle Eastern nation requesting assistance against armed aggression from any country controlled by international communism
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How did the United States react to the Soviet Union’s successful launch of Sputnik in 1957?
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By a feeling of inferiority about US scientific and technological development
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What was the military-industrial complex Eisenhower warned Americans about before he left office?
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An association between the military and defense contractors to spend more money on increasingly powerful weapons systems
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The output of American farms increased between 1940 and 1960, while the number of farm workers
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decreased by nearly one third
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How did union membership as a percentage of the labor force in the United States change during the 1950s?
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peaked at just over 27% in 1957
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What impact did technological advances have on American industry in the 1950s?
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They chipped away at the number of jobs in the steel, copper and aluminum industries
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In the 1950s, most employed American women worked in
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clerical, service and domestic jobs
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What was Levittown, New York?
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An example of the assembly-line approach to producing affordable housing
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In most cities during the 1950s, the black population
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increased by 50% as African Americans sought economic opportunities
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What was one reason many Americans moved to the Sun Belt in the 1950s?
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automobiles and air conditioning
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Why were the South and West sometimes refereed to as the Gun Belt?
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The regions had captured the lion’s share of Cold War spending for research and for the production of bombers and missiles.
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What caused the smog that plagued Los Angeles in the 1950s?
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Sprawling urban and Suburban settlements without efficient public transportation
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What did \”Operation Wetback\” reveal about most white Americans?
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That most white Americans generally opposed the permanent immigration of Mexicans
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Which of the following describes the higher education in the United States between 1940 and 1960?
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It became increasingly available to Veterans, the middle class and African Americans
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What was one cause of the unparalleled material abundance of the United States in the 1950s?
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A population increase of about 30 million
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In her 1963 book The feminine Mystique, Betty Friedan argued that
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women were restricted their energies to caring for their husbands and children
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Some critics suggested that the reason for renewed interest in religion during the 1950s was
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American’s need for conformity and social outlets
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Between 1950 and 1960, the percentage of American families with television sets grew from less than 10 percent to
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almost 90%
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In which of the following ways did television affect US politics in the 1950s?
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It allowed candidates to appeal directly to voters in their homes which elevated the importance of politicians personal attractiveness
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What did Federal Communications Commission chairman Newton Minow call television after he surveyed what it offered to Americans in 1961?
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A vast wasteland
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What was sociologist David Riesman’s criticism of American society in his 1950 book The lonely Crowd?
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Riesman lamented the growing conformity in American society
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How did rock and roll challenge American social and cultural norms in the 1950s?
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It was sexually suggestive
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Who wrote the best selling books Sexual Behavior in the Human Male and Human Female?
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Alfred Kinsey
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The work of 1950s authors Allen Ginsberg and Jack Kerouac was known for
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rejecting almost every aspect of the mainstream culture
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The revolution in the visual arts that began in New York City in the 1950s
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stressed energy and spontaneity over recognizable forms
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The Supreme Court’s decision in Brown v. Board of Education overturned which of the following precedents?
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Separate but equal established in Plessy vs Ferguson
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Why did whites in Mississippi murder fourteen year old Emmett Till
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for whistling at a white woman
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How did President Eisenhower ultimately respond to the Arkansas National Guard’s attempts to black the enrollment of nine black students in Little Rock’s central high school in 1957?
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He sent army troops to little rock to oversee the integration of the school
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The Civil Rights Acts of 1957 and 1960 can be characterized as
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symbolic
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In what way did the civil rights movement of the 1950s and early 1960s differ from previous efforts to end racial segregation and discrimination in the United States?
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It involved masses of people who used civil disobedience to bring about chance
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Why did the Montgomery, Alabama, police arrest Rosa Parks on December 1, 1955?
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She refused to give up her seat on the bus to a white man
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The Montgomery bus boycott of 1955-56 persisted until
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the US Supreme Court overturned Alabama’s state and local laws requiring segregation on buses
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Which new civil rights organization chose Martin Luther King Jr. as its leader in January of 1957?
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The Southern Christian leadership Conference

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