Chapter 23 Study Guide: World War I

Trotsky
leader of the Petrograd soviet and the commisar of war

Kormisky
leader of the White Army in the Russian civil war

Communist leader who overthrew the Provisional Government
Lenin

Bolsheviks
political party in russian revolution that used small groups to overthrow the Provisional government, aka Communists

Lloyd George
prime minister of England at the end of WWI

Woodrow Wilson
president of the United States at the end of WWI

Georges Clemenceau
the premier of France at the end of WWI

Vittorio Orlando
prime minister of Italy at the end of WWI

Emperor William II
leader in Germany during WWI

The Western Front was characterized by
trench warfare
a stalemate
war of attrition

name of Germany’s two front war plan
Schlieffen Plan

trench warfare
warfare that prevented the front from moving very much

Black Hand
1. name of the group who planned the assassination of the Archduke Francis Ferdinand

2. terrorist group that wanted Bosnia to be free of Austria-Hungary

Gavrilo Princip
he assassinated the Archduke Francis Ferdinanad

Who signed the Entente Cordial with France?
Russia

the main supporter of Germany in WWWI
Austria-Hungary

members of the Triple Entente
France, Great Britain, Russia

members of the Triple Alliance
German, Austria-Hungary, Italy

members of the Central Powers
Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire, and Bulgaria

members of the Allies in WWI
Britain, France, Russia, Italy, Japan, United States

What territories did France want to reclaim after WWI?
Lorraine and Alsace

total war
complete mobilization of people and resources in WWI

mobilization
aggressive preparation for war

battle that stopped the Germans’ advance towards Paris was
First Battle of Marne (early in war)
Second Battle of Marne (end of war)

By attacking Austria-Hungary in May _____, Italy betrayed _______ & _________.
1915
Germany
Austria-Hungary

To end Russia’s part in WWI, Lenin signed _______
Treaty of Brest-Litovsk

the leader of the bolshevik’s was
Lenin

type of warfare that caused the U.S. to enter WWI
unrestricted submarine warfare

Who was the spokesman for the new world order based on democracy and international cooperation?
Woodrow Wilson

Which part of the Treat of Versailles declared Germany was to blame for WWI?
Article 231, the War Guilt Clause

After WWI, Britain ruled ______ and _______ countries as ______ for the League of Nations
Iraq and Palestine
mandates

Britain entered WWI after Germany violated the neutrality of
Belgium

Fourteen Points
President Wilson’s peace plan

two great battle the Germans defeated the Russians in
Battle of Mausurian Lakes
Battle of Tannenberg

France lost 700,000 men in a few months at the ____________
Battle of Verdun

war communism
Communist government’s control of the means of production, banks, and power to centralize the state

The March Revolution began in the city of ____
Petrograd

Nicholas II was forced to step down when he couldn’t dissolve the _____
Duma

American anger increased after the sinking of the _______
Lusitania

conscription
military draft

mandate
nation governed on behalf of the League of Nations

propaganda
spreading of ideas to influence public opinion

planned economies
government system used to mobilize resources in time of war

Lawrence of Arabia
led the Middle East revolts against the Ottoman Empire

name of the Bolsheviks after the gained power
Communists

mobilization
assembling troops and supplies for war

self-determination
right to have one’s own nation

League of Nations
world organization started after the Paris Peace Conference

Rasputin
Siberian peasant who influenced Alexandra

war of attrition
type of warfare used to outlast the opponent