chapter 22 history test

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Harry Truman
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Ordered the use of the atomic bombs
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“code talkers”
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Navajos
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Office of War Information
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mobilized American public opinion
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Black internationalism
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opposed to colonialism
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Yalta Conference
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Big Three meeting
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Nye Committee
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blamed businesspeople for WWI involvement
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Smith v. Allwright
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civil rights case
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FDR’s Four Freedoms include all of the following except
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freedom of enterprise
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The Four Freedoms
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were President Roosevelt’s statement of the Allied War aims
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The Four Freedoms show toured the country to persuade Americans to
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buy war bonds
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The Good Neighbor policy was directed at
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Latin America
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During the 1930s The Good Neighbor policy
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was a foreign policy based on the recognition of the autonomy of Latin American countries
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Who is considered the founder of fascism
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Benito Mussolini
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After a bitter Civil War, Francisco Franco established in 1939 a fascist government in
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Spain
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France and Britain’s policy toward Germany of giving concessions in hopes of avoiding War was called
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appeasement
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As fascism Rose in Europe and Asia during the 1930’s, most Americans
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supported US neutrality
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In 1940, the “cash and carry” plan
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allowed Great Britain to purchase US Army’s on a restricted basis
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In 1940, Franklin Roosevelt
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won an unprecedented third term as president
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The Lend-Lease Act
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authorized military aid to those fighting against Germany and Japan
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Freedom House was an organization that
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demanded American intervention in the European War
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December 7th 1941 is known as a date that will live in infamy referring to
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the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor
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After the United States entered World War II,
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Americans experienced a series of military losses
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D-Day refers to the
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Allied invasion of Europe at Normandy
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The Holocaust
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was the mass extermination of millions of Jews and others in Nazi death camps
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Which area of the United States witnessed the greatest growth during the war?
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West Coast
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Organized labor assisted in the war effort by
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agreeing to a no-strike pledge
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During the war, Americans
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experience the rationing of scarce consumer goods such as gasoline
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For most women workers, World War II
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allow them to make temporary gains
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Henry Luce’s the American Century
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hailed free economic Enterprise
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What does Henry Luce see the cure for America in his book The American Century?
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they both put forth a new conception of America’s role in the world based in part on internationalism and on the idea that the American Experience should serve as a model for all other nations
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The national resources planning board
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urge the expansion of the welfare state
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The GI Bill of Rights
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included scholarships for education for veterans
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The economic Bill of Rights was
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not passed by Congress
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The program that began in 1942 that allowed experienced Mexican agricultural workers to cross the border to work under government labor contracts was called the
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Bracero Program
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Under the Bracero Program
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Mexicans were encouraged to emigrate but they were denied the right of citizenship
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The Zoot Suit Riots of 1943
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highlighted the limits of racial tolerance during World War II
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The 1943 Texas Caucasian race equal privileges resolution
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allowed Mexicans equal treatment in public accommodations while still segregating blacks
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Which group is shoot its own declaration of war against Axis powers
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the Iroquois
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Executive Order 9066
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authorized the internment of Japanese-Americans
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Which statement about the Japanese-American internment is false?
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Once their loyalty was proven, they were free to leave.
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In Korematsu v. United States, the Supreme Court:
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upheld the legality of Japanese internment
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During World War II, African-Americans
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witness the birth of the modern Civil Rights Movement
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The Fair Employment Practices Commission
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was the first Federal agency since reconstruction to Advocate equal opportunity for blacks
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Philip Randolph
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pressured FDR into issuing executive order 8802
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According to Gunnar Myrdal, America’s dilemma was a conflict between
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American values and American racial policies
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The dropping of the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki
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remains controversial in the United States and the world
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At Yalta, The Big Three met for a summit. It was here that they finally agreed
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that the Soviet Union would enter the Pacific War
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At the Yalta Conference in 1945
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wartime American Soviet cooperation was at its peak
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In 1944, Conference of Dumbarton Oaks established the
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United Nations
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World War II
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produced a radical redistribution of world power
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The Atlantic Charter
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endorse the freedoms from want and fear

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