Chapter 21: The Progressive Era, 1900-1917

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In the early 20th century, nearly ____ workers were injured at work
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500,000
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Which of the following was part of the group known as new immigrants?
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Polish
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Proponents of the Social Gospel believed
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religious ethics should be introduced into industrial relations
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Theodore Roosevelt’s reform philosophy was closest to that of
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gospel of efficiency
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Progressive reformers looked to __________ to gain ideas.
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europe
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Most settlement houses were staffed by __________.
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middle class women
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Between 1900 and 1920, protective legislation for __________ workers was virtually nonexistent
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adult
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Jacob Riis was a key activist in the move to make progressive reforms __________.
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in public education
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What year did prohibition go into effect?
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1920
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Which of the following forms of entertainment did some progressives want to prohibit
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movie theatres
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Suffragists won their first victories in the __________.
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west
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The __________ Amendment extended the right to vote to women
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19th
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Reformers who called for use of the Australian ballot secured
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right of voters to have privacy in voting process
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Use of the initiative allowed reformers to __________.
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propose legislation directly to electorate
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The Seventeenth Amendment
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provided for direct popular election of US senators
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Theodore Roosevelt modified the executive branch by __________.
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institutionalizing administrative procedures
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When mine owners refused to meet with coal workers at the White House, Roosevelt __________.
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made it clear that he would not use his influence to break the union
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Which of the following was a major focus of Theodore Roosevelt’s presidency?
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suing “bad trusts” taht he believed were guilty of misconduct
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During the presidency of William Howard Taft, __________.
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republican party split into two factions
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Supporters of Theodore Roosevelt formed the __________ Party and nominated the former president to run against President Taft.
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progressive
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Which of the following was the Socialist Party candidate for president in 1912?
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Debs
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Jane Addams supported the __________ Party in the 1912 election.
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progressive
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The first income tax enacted after the ratification of the Sixteenth Amendment had a top tax rate of __________ percent.
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7
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Woodrow Wilson sought to reform banking primarily through the
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federal reserve act
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The __________ Act was designed to decrease child labor
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keating-owen
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The “progressive movement” was driven by
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a general belief that moderate reforms were needed for social order and improved socio-economic conditions
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. Native-born Americans often disliked new immigrants because __________.
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viewd catholics and jews as threats to social stability
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main goal of muckrakers
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raise the public’s awareness of social problems
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The International Workers of the World differed from the AFL by
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organizing all types of workers from a wide variety of ethnic groups
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An accomplishment of the Women’s Trade Union League was that it
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united working class and middle class women in one group
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How did settlement workers differ from earlier reformers
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They viewed the “evils” of poverty as the product of social environment
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Reformers who focused on ending child labor faced resistance from big business and __________.
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parents of the children
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. In general, American reforms that addressed awful working and living conditions were __________.
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far less effective than social reforms passed in western europe
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Many progressive reformers supported prohibition legislation because ___
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they believed alcohol was a cause of poverty and many other social problems
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Which of the following was generally ignored by progressive reformers?
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racial inequality
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Changes in the strategy of suffragettes in the early 1900s included __________.
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adopting activist tactics such as rallies and political lobbying
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Which of the following tactics increased public support for women’s suffrage
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appealing to the view that women possessed special moral instincts
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Which of the following reforms gave special interest groups increased power in electoral politics?
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direct primaries
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The initiative and referendum were designed to thwart the power of __________ in state government.
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legislators
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. A major difference between Theodore Roosevelt and the presidents of the Gilded Era was __________.
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Roosevelt was much more aggressive in his use of presidential power
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. Regarding how humans should deal with the natural world, Theodore Roosevelt can best be classified a(n
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conservationist
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How did Theodore Roosevelt establish a regulatory role for government?
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by bringing multiple anti-trust suits against business combinations
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William Howard Taft’s support for the Sixteenth Amendment opened a period when __________.
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the federal government expanded its activities and responsibilities
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Which statement best describes Woodrow Wilson’s style as president?
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He built upon Roosevelt’s model of strong executive authority.
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Which of the following improved access to credit for many Americans?
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Federal Reserve Act
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What was the goal of Woodrow Wilson’s New Freedom program?
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a rejection of Roosevelt’s “regulated monopoly” system
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Conservatives opposed Wilson’s nomination of Louis Brandeis to the Supreme Court __________.
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because Brandeis was Jewish and had issued pro-labor opinions
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What social changes during the progressive era enabled women to demand equal rights?
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the increased number of women in the workforce
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Which of the following would be most likely to agree with the political views of Eugene Debs?
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a member of the Women’s Trade Union League
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. Which of the following would be most likely to support the Underwood-Simmons Tariff Act?
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a middle-class merchant and member of the Democratic Party

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