Chapter 19 – Fifteen-Century Art in Northern Europe

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What Renaissance interest led northern European artist t create illusionistic images
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Curiosity about the natural world
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Northern Renaissance painters create the illusion of three-dimensional forums using
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modelling, intuitive perspective, and atmospheric perspective
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Northern Renaissance art is known for its
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surface description
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The three powers behind Northern Renaissance art are courts, the Catholic Church, and
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merchants
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What development in the fifteen-century paralleled by the increasing practice of artist to sign their work?
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the rising popularity of portraiture
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The International Gothic style is known for its
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elegant figures and minuet details
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In the painted altarpiece by Melchior Broederlam and other examples of northern European fifteen-century art, a pot of lilies represent
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Mary’s virginity
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Claus Sluter’s Well of Moses retains the International Gothic styles’s
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rich color
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Which formal characteristic of the Tres Riches Heures does NOT reflect the desire to render the world as the eye sees it?
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cutaway architectural view
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Who might the unicorn represent in the Unicorn tapestries
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Christ
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What evidence leads to the conclusion that the central panel of the Merode Altarpeice depicts the Annunciation?
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the angel Gabriel and Christ descending on a ray of light
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The Northern Renaissance art, the enclosed garden is a symbol of
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Mary’s Virginity
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How was personal devotion pictured in fifteen-century Flemish paintings?
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depictions of meditating patrons within holy scenes
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What does your text mean when it says that the fifteenth-century Flemish paintings employ a consistent light source?
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The light is painted as if it came from a single location
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Based on what you read in this section, what theme appears with new frequency in fifteenth-century Flemish art?
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self-portraits
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French fifteenth-century art is influenced most significantly by
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Flanders
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Jean Fouquet’s painting of Etienne Chevalier and St. Stephen, Virgin and Child reveals Italian influence in its
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setting
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In Jean Fouquet’s painting of Etienne Chevalier and St. Stephen, Virgin and Child, what detail reference St. Stephen’s role as the first Christian martyr?
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the rock sitting on the closed book
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Which aspect of Flamboyant style architecture is similar to fifteenth-century Northern European painting?
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references to nature
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How does Konrad Witz’s painting typify fifteenth-century Northern Renaissance art?
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the accurate depiction of nature
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Typical to many devotional images sold to pilgrims in the fifteenth-century, The Buxhiem St. Christopher
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is a woodblock print
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Which answer correctly descries a polychrome sculpture
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multicolored
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Woodblock printing was first used for
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textile designs
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Engraved prints are made using
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sheets of metal
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The International Gothic style of painting is known for its
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rich colors
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The Tres Riches Heures includes daily prayer and
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a religious calender
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Fifteenth-century Christians are suppose to use illuminated manuscripts as
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a means to imagine themselves in the biblical stories
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What is an advantage to tapestries for fifteenth-century patrons
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they are portable
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How is the representation of the natural world in the Unicorn tapestries typical of northern European fifteenth-century art?
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plants and animals have symbolic meaning
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Unlike Italian artist, Flemish painters use oil instead of tempera paint because oil is
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luminous and allows for easy change
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The trompe l’oiel that is a visual hallmark of Flemish fifteenth-century paintings fools the eyes with its
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realism
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What evidence leads your text to conclude that Jan van Eyck’s paintings are “firmly grounded in the terrestrial world”?
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descriptive details and consistent light source
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The Double Portrait of Giovanni Arnolfini’s and His Wife represents the significance of ______________ in the fifteenth-century European art.
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economics
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What religious symbol appears in the Double Portrait of Giovanni Arnolfini’s and His Wife?
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mirror
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What fifteenth-century social issue may be referenced in Rogier van der Weyden’s painting of St. Luke Drawing the Virgin ad Child?
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the stats of the painter’s preofession
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As opposed to the first generation of Flemish painters, the second generation created works that were
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less complex
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Hans Memling’s Diptych of Maarten van Nieuwenhove is typical of fifteenth-century Flemish painting for its
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domestic setting
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Jean Hey’s Portrait of Margret of Austria reveals Flemish influence in its
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delicacy and surface description
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French Flamboyant architecture is known for
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flame-like motifs
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Common in Flamboyant architecture, the small, knobby, leaf like ornaments that line gables and buttresses are known as
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crockets
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Which part of Europe were altarpieces filled with carved, polychromed sculpture popular in the fifteenth-century?
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Germany

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