Chapter 17:7 providing first aid for heat exposure

question

What occurs when the body is overexposed to heat?
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It can cause a chemical imbalance in the body that can eventually lead to death
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What are heat cramps?
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They are muscles pains and spasms that result from the loss of water and salt through perspiration
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List 3 first aid treatments for heat cramps
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Rest, move to a cooler area, small sips of water or an electrolyte solution
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List 6 S&S of heat exhaustion
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Pale and clammy skin, profuse perspiration, fatigue or tiredness, weakness, headache, muscle cramps, nausea and/or vomiting
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List 3 first aid treatments for heat exhaustion
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Moving the victim to a cooler environment when possible, loosen or remove extra clothing, applying cool, wet cloths
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How does internal body temperature differ in heat exhaustion and heat stroke?
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Heat exhaustion: temp is slightly elevated or normal Heat stroke: temp raised to 105 degrees F or higher
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List 3 S&S of heat stroke
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Red, hot, and dry skin, victim may lose consciousness, pulse is usually rapid and may remain strong
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High body temperatures can cause ( ) and/or ( ) in a very short period of time
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Convulsions, death
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List 3 first aid treatments for heat stroke
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Place in a tub of cool water, ice or cold packs can be placed on the wrists, armpits, ankles, and in the groin, skin sponged w/cool water
question

Identify 2 precautions a victim should take after recovering from any condition caused by exposure to heat
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Must avoid abnormally warm or hot temperatures for several days, should drink sufficient amounts of water and/or electrolyte solutions

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