Reflection Essay on Chapter 16 World History Study Guide

Flashcard maker : Suzette Hendon
Taiwan
an island in southeastern Asia 100 miles off the coast of mainland China in the South China Sea
Great Leap Forward
Started by Mao Zedong, combined collective farms into People’s Communes, failed because there was no incentive to work harder, ended after 2 years
Communes
large collectivized farms, created by Mao
Cultural Revolution
a radical reform in China initiated by Mao Zedong in 1965 and carried out largely by the Red Guard
Mao Zedong
Chinese communist leader (1893-1976)
Chiang Kai-Shek
Leader of the Nationalist Party after 1925
Little Red Book
mao’s quotations of proper communist living; carried by the red guard
Deng Xioping
1977-1992 leader of China; increased trade, farmers own land, reduce police force
Four Modernizations
Deng Xiaoping’s plan to change China after the disaster of Cultural Revolution. Improve- agriculture, science/technology, defense and industry
One Child Policy
Act in China that allows people to have only 1 child in the city and 2 children in the countryside.
Korean War
a war between North and South Korea
38th Parallel
line of latitude that separated North and South Korea
DMZ
a zone from which military forces or operations or installations are prohibited
North Korea
a communist country in the northern half of the Korean Peninsula
Kim Jong II
N. Korea’s older president, died shortly after becoming president, son took his spot
Jawaharal Nehru
was a great Indian nationalist leader who worked for independence and social reform. He became first prime minister of independent India, a position he retained until his death. He initiated India’s nonalignment policy in foreign affairs.
Indira Gandhi
daughter of Nehru who served as prime minister of India from 1966 to 1977 (1917-1984)
Sikhs
Nonviolent religous group that blended Buddhism, Hinduism and Sufism
Kashmir
an area in southwestern Asia whose sovereignty is disputed between Pakistan and India
Pakistan
a Muslim republic that occupies the heartland of ancient south Asian civilization in the Indus River valley
Bangladesh
a Muslim republic in southern Asia bordered by India to the north and west and east and the Bay of Bengal to the south
Philippines
an archipelago in the southwestern Pacific including some 7000 islands
Sukarno
Indonesian statesman who obtained the independence of Indonesia from the Netherlands in 1949 and served as president until ousted by Suharto in a coup d’etat (1901-1970)
Vietminh
an organization of Vietnamese Communists and other nationalist groups that between 1946 and 1954 fought for Vietnamese independence from the French
Ho Chi Minh
Vietnamese communist statesman who fought the Japanese in World War II and the French until 1954 and South vietnam until 1975 (1890-1969)
Cambodia
a nation in southeastern Asia
Khmer Rouge
a communist organization formed in Cambodia in 1970
Ferdinand Marcos
Philippine politician; he was elected president of the Philippines in 1965, but soon became an authoritarian dictator. He imposed martial law, arrested his political opponents, and stole millions from his country’s treasury.
Discrimination
unfair treatment of a person or group on the basis of prejudice
Douglas MacArthur
United States general who served as chief of staff and commanded Allied forces in the South Pacific during World War II
State Capitalism
an economic system that is primarily capitalistic but there is some degree of government ownership of the means of production
Asian Tigers
Collective name for South Korea, Taiwan, Hong Kong, and Singapore-nations that became economic powers in the 1970s and 1980s.
Syngman Rhee
Korean leader who became president of South Korea after World War II and led Korea during Korean War.
Taipei
the capital of Nationalist China
Taiwan
an island in southeastern Asia 100 miles off the coast of mainland China in the South China Sea
Singapore
an island south of the Malay Peninsula
Hong Kong
formerly a Crown Colony on the coast of southern China in Guangdong province

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