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Chapter 16 Test Essay

question

Cultural competence is a therapist’s understanding of, and attention to, ________.
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race, culture, and ethnicity in providing treatment
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Dr. Duncan is a therapist who works with men accused of domestic violence. Although it is difficult, she does her best to be non-judgmental during therapy sessions. Which aspect of client- centered therapy is this?
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unconditional positive regard
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Exposure therapy is a ________ technique.
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counterconditioning
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Which kind of therapy involves a therapeutic orientation that employs principles of learning to help clients change undesirable behaviors?
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behavior
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Which of the following explains why most psychiatric hospitals emphasize short-term care?
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Due to the very high cost of psychiatric hospitalization, insurance coverage often limits the length of time one can be hospitalized.
question

Lexi cannot control her impulses to pull out her hair. Her friend Paul suggests that she see a therapist and Lexi agrees. She gets a referral from her primary care physician for a therapist and begins seeing Dr. Clark four times a month. What kind of treatment does this describe?
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voluntary
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Lana is late for dinner with her parents. They don’t care, but she thinks this is a catastrophe-an inaccurate view of the situation that leads her to feel bad about herself. In this example, what represents the cognitive distortion?
answer

Lana thinking that being late for dinner is a catastrophe
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Kaz wants to stop biting his nails, so he rubs a strong bitter paste under his nails to make his nails taste bad. What technique is Kaz using to stop biting his nails?
answer

aversive conditioning
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Dr. Bronson treats anxiety disorders with Xanax, which exemplifies ________ therapy.
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biomedical
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What is the goal of humanistic therapy?
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helping people become more self-aware and accepting of themselves
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On the advice of her therapist, Thora decides to treat her fear of heights by exposing herself to heights using a stimulus hierarchy. Which form of therapy is she using?
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systematic desensitization
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What often happened to patients in the early years of using electroshock therapy?
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broke their backs
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According to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), in 2008, ________ of adults received treatment for a mental health issue.
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13.4%
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According to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, ________ of U.S. adults experienced mental illness in 2012.
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19%
question

Aversive conditioning is a ________.
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counterconditioning technique that pairs an unpleasant stimulant with an undesirable behavior
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Stavros is arrested for drunk driving. His prison sentence includes attending therapy sessions to treat alcohol addiction. He doesn’t want to attend these sessions, but his sentence will be extended if he doesn’t attend them. What kind of treatment does this describe?
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involuntary
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________ have over 85% of the l,669 federally designated mental health professional shortage areas.
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rural areas
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________ can increase the risk of obesity and diabetes as well as elevate cholesterol levels; it can also cause constipation, dry mouth, blurred vision, drowsiness, and dizziness.
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atypical antipsychotics
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The primary therapeutic orientation used in couples counseling is ________.
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cognitive-behavioral therapy
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What should be changed to make the following sentence true? In aversion therapy, a therapist seeks to treat clients’ fears or anxiety by presenting them with the object or situation that causes their problem, with the idea that they will eventually get used to it.
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The word “aversion” should be changed to the word “exposure.”
question

In order to overcome an eating disorder, Sevilla’s therapist works to change her cognitive distortions and self-defeating behaviors by helping her learn to identify such behaviors. What kind of psychotherapeutic orientation does this exemplify?
answer

cognitive-behavioral therapy
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Harlow is eight years old. She sees Dr. Gardener every Friday at 11:00 a.m. Their sessions involve Dr. Gardener watching Harlow interact with stuffed animals and other toys. What kind of psychotherapeutic orientation does this exemplify?
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play therapy
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Jarl makes several minor mistakes during his conversational French class. Instead of thinking, “everyone makes mistakes sometimes,” he thinks, “I am so stupid.” What kind of cognitive distortion is this?
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overgeneralization
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ECT stands for ________.
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electroconvulsive therapy
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What should be changed to make the following sentence true? Evidence-based practice in psychology is the integration of the best available research with clinical expertise in the context of therapist characteristics, culture, and preferences.
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The word “therapist” should be changed to the word “client.”
question

According to research, how does the public view children and teens with mental health disorders?
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Over 1,300 U.S. adults believe children with depression are prone to violence.
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Which mental disorder is least likely to be treated in children 8-15 years old?
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anxiety disorder
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Which institutional setting replaced asylums in caring for the mentally ill?
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psychiatric hospitals
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What does research show regarding race and ethnic differences in those who receive mental health services?
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Ethnic minorities tend to utilize mental health services less frequently than White, middle- class Americans.
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Who led the reform efforts for mental health care in the United States?
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Dorothea Dix