Chapter 15&16 Test

question

what provoked the formation of the national federation of Afro-American Women?
answer

Black women’s anger over racism toward them by a white journalist
question

What is true about the early NAACP?
answer

White leaders dominated it and financed it
question

What did many of the race riots of the early twentieth century have in common?
answer

All of these answers are correct
question

Why were some people critical of Washington’s approach with the Tuskegee institute?
answer

All of these are correct
question

What methods did the NAACP use to try to gain black Civil and political rights?
answer

They worked within the court and legislative system, chipping away at discrimination, racism, and the Plessy v. Ferguson decision
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What was the result of Washington’s scheming to destroy the NAACP?
answer

The NAACP eventually triumphed, in goals and tactics
question

what event caused uproar in the south, as a breach of racial etiquette by the president himself
answer

Roosevelt invited Washington to dinner
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In what were most early black women’s clubs interested when they formed during the 1870s and 1880s?
answer

Generally, cultural, religious, and social matters
question

What was the “White man’s burden”?
answer

the duty of superior, more civilized white countries to educate and bring culture to the backward, inferior races
question

How did Booker T. Washington react to the new Niagara Movement?
answer

All of the above
question

Which of the following was not an element of Booker T. Washington’s famous speech at the Atlanta Cotton States Exposition in 1895?
answer

He thought that blacks should work for voting rights at the same time they were trying to impress whites with their hard work, cleanliness, and good morals
question

what skills were stressed for blacks and Native Americans at the Hampton Normal and Agricultural Institute?
answer

learning hard work in trade, Christian morality, and middle-class values
question

How did Du Bois differ form Washington in her approach to improving the condition of black men?
answer

All of the above
question

Who was the most prominent black person associated with the NAACP in the early twentieth century?
answer

W.E.B Du Bois
question

What types of political activities was Washington supporting behind the scenes?
answer

He tried to both improve conditions for blacks on segregated railroad cars and get the grandfather clause overturned in the courts
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What was true about the NAACP publication, The Crisis?
answer

Edited by Du Bois, it generally contained strident language denouncing racism and demanding that blacks stand up for their rights
question

The Niagara Movement leaders stated “We repudiate the monstrous doctrine that the oppressor should be the sole authority as to the rights of the oppressed” what does this mean?
answer

Blacks wanted to have an active role in determining what they wanted, rather than leaving it all up to whites
question

What man was very important in greatly expanding the membership of the NAACP through the 1920s?
answer

James Weldon Johnson
question

What role did police play in many of the race riots, including those of Chicago, Elaine, and Houston?
answer

They were often either the cause of the trouble, or helped the rioters
question

How did the typical Progressive reformer feel about racism?
answer

Most were racist themselves. They showed little interest in altering white supremacy
question

What was not a belief of Booker T Washington about opportunities for blacks?
answer

Washington believed that blacks should work for the right to vote while they worked for economic success
question

What did the Niagara Movement demand in 1905?
answer

That blacks should protest vigorously for their rights, better schools, housing, and an end to racial prejudice
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What reaction did the NAACP have to the violence of the East St. Louis riot?
answer

It sent member in to investigate, publicized the issues, and organized a silent march in New York City as a protest
question

What is true about black women’s support for women’s suffrage?
answer

They had long supported the issue, and understood that political power was needed to change discrimination in America
question

How did Booker T Washington feel about the NAACP?
answer

All of these answers are correct
question

How did men like William Monroe Trotter feel about Booker T Washington’s efforts and views?
answer

They became vocal, intense critics of Washington’s. They felt he was yielding too much to whites
question

What is true about violence against blacks in America around the time of World War 1?
answer

The violence expanded form the South to include the North as well
question

What was social Darwinism?
answer

a theory that applied Darwin’s theory of “survival of the fittest” to human society, white English and Germans were biologically superior to blacks
question

What type of political influence did Booker T Washington have?
answer

Washington actually had tremendous influence for a black man at the time. President Teddy Roosevelt respected him, and consulted with him regularly on political appointments
question

What black college did Booker T Washington found in 1872?
answer

Tuskegee Institute in Alabama
question

What was the “talented tenth”?
answer

the top ten percent of black society leaders like DuBois felt that this group should lead blacks to greater social and political equality
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How did white people react to Washington’s speech?
answer

Since it was so non-threatening they thought it was sensible and praiseworthy. Many whites supported Washington’s leadership
question

How did Du Bois’s background shape his views, just as Washington’s shaped his?
answer

Du Bois was born free in the North, encountered little racism during his early years, and was incredibly intelligent and allowed to obtain a superior education
question

What was Washington’s nickname?
answer

the Wizard of Tuskegee
question

What was the role of the “Talented Tenth”, according to DuBois?
answer

The top ten percent of blacks were to be responsible for working to achieve the civil and political rights of African Americans
question

What was the goal of the Urban League
answer

to help blacks as they moved into cities, with housing, discrimination issues, and medical care
question

how was Booker T Washington’s message received by whites?
answer

Whites embraced his non-threatening acceptance of white superiority, and many supported him finanically
question

What provoked the 1906 race riot in Atlanta, Georgia?
answer

All of these are correct
question

What did the Springfield Riot of 1908 lead to?
answer

The creation of the NCCAP
question

What was the significance of the Guinn v United States case in 1915?
answer

it overturned the grandfather clause in Oklahoma
question

Which of the following was not an element of Booker T Washington’s famous speech at the Atlanta Cotton States Exposition in 1895?
answer

He thought that blacks should work for voting rights at the same time they were trying to impress whites with their hard work, cleanliness, and good morals
question

what prompted the Houston Riot in 1917?
answer

Black soldiers were disgusted over the racist treatment they received at the hands of the police in the segregated city
question

How did the Morrill Act of 1862 assist with education for blacks?
answer

It did not. Southern states refused to allow blacks entry into the schools created until a second act was passed in 1890
question

Who was described by one critic as the “Benedict Arnold of the Negro Race”?
answer

Booker T. Washington
question

What was the main role of many Phillis Wheatley homes?`
answer

They provided housing for single, black working women who were refused admittance to the YWCA

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