Chapter 12/13 Questions

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What are fjords and where are they found?
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Steep U shaped valleys that connect with the sea and fill with water when the glaciers melt. Found in Norway.
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Examples of uplands?
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Kjolen Mountains of Scandinavia, the Scottish highlands,the low mountain areas of Brittany in France and the central plateau of Spain called MESETA.
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What is Frances’ highland area called?
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The pyrenees (not sure)
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How does the North Atlantic Drift influence climate?
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It is one the west coast of Europe and provides the moisture or rain to the majority of Europe.
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In what part of Europe would you find the mistral?
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The mediterran part of France
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How is peat used?
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Used in Ireland. Cut from large beds and used as fuel.
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What is a type of seaworks?
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Terpen and Zuider Zee
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How did Zuider Zee become Ijsselmeer?
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The dutch bulit dikes across the entreance to the Zuider Zee which did not allow salt water to flow into it which created the fresh water lake, Ijsslemeer.
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What are polders and where are they found?
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It is land that is reclaimed by diking and draining. Can be found in the Netherlands.
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What terms are associated with human-environment interaction?
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Polder, Sea Works, Terpen Zuider Zee
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How do the mountain ranges of Europe impact the lives of the people who live near them?
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They seperate groups of people, make it difficult for people to move from one place to another and it affects the climate.
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Why are the rivers of Europe an important aspect of its geography?
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To bring people and goods together. They also added the movement of ideas
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Where are the most important oil fields of Europe located, and which countries pump oil from them?
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Oils are found below the North Sea’s floor. United Kingdom and Nertherlands and Denmark.
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How do the prevailing westerlies affect the climate of Europe? Explain which part of Europe is most affected?
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Northern Spain across most of France and Germany to Western Polland. Also, the Brittish Isles and the costal areas of Scandanivia. They provide a milder climate.
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In which climate area of Europe would you find citrus fruits growing? Explain why?
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Mediteranian. Mild climate. Summers are hot and dry. Winters are moderate and wet.
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What types of vegation are found on the Scandinavian Peninsula?
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No vegitation. Only glaciers.
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Why did the Dutch build seaworks?
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to control the sea’s destructive impact on human life.
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In what ways have the people of the Netherlands changed the physical geography of their land?
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build dikes all the way across the entrance to the Zuider Zee.
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What kinds of pollutants are found in the Venice canals?
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industural waste, sewage, and salt water combining to eat away the foundations of buildings and damage the buildings themselves.
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Why were forests chopped down in Europe?
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forests provided wood to burn for fuel & to use as building material for ships and houses.
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What terms are names of regions?
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…Benelux, Nordic Countries,
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Would a supporter of nationalism want to adopt the euro? Explain.
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No. Because you would not be supporting your nations beliefs
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Which terms have to do with conflict?
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…Crusades
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In which part of Europe did the countries become satellite nations of the Soviet Union?
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Eastern Europe.
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How does the geopgraphic theme of movement relate to a cultural crossroads?
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…Movement is the travel of people, goods and ideas from one location to another or political events. This means that at a cultural crossroads many peoples and ideas will get transfered.
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Which ancient civilzation was organized into city-states and which was a republic?
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…Ancient Greece was the first civilization to organize into city-states, which in turn became a republic along with Rome
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In what part of Europe is Benelux found?
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…The Benelux is a union in Western Europe that comprises three neighboring countries, Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg.
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What is the origin of the term balkanization?
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…The term stems from the Balkan Peninsula, which was divided into several small nations in the early 20th century.
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What terms can be identifeld with the US? Explain.
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Which two major peninsuals are found in the Nordic countries?
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the Scandinavian Peninsula and the Jutland Peninsula
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What legacy did ancient Athens leave for modern governments?
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One of its biggest legacies is that ancient Athens led to the creation of democracy in modern governments.
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What effect did the empires of Spain and Protugal have on the rest of the world?
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They were both a part of European imperialism which altered the political, economic and social affairs of other countries.
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Why does Spain have a conflict with the Basque people?
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Basque Separatists want Navarra to be part of Basque land, as well as part of S France to create a homeland for 3 million Basques.
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How did the Reformation create new cultrual divisions?
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Catholic and Protestants grew to hate each other. Countries that had Catholic rulers discriminated against Protestants vice versa.
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How did nationalism lead to conflicts?
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Nationalism can lead to conflicts when individuals believe that their nation is supreme above all others and act on that belief.
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For what artistic legacy are Germany and Austria famous?
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Austria and Germany both had most of their works of art that looted by the Nazis so it is a legacy thatis being rebuilt.
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Who were the Vikings and what did they do?
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They were a historical society they followed a pagan religion at first but adopted Christianity into their religion quickly.
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What geographic advantages helped Great Britain build its empire?
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The British Empire had vast trade routes that helped it amass great wealth and they had the best navy of the time.
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Why did independent nation-states develp later in Eastern Europe than in Western Europe?
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Nations in Eastern Europe were controlled by the Soviet Union until the early 1990s and were not able to develop at the same rate.
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What problems existed in the Eastern European economy under Communist Rule?
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The CCP survived a series of annihilation campaigns by the Kuomintang, but in October 1934 the KMT army encircled the MORE.
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Which nations appear on the map of Europe today but don’t appear on the 1914 map?
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…Ireland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Belarus, Ukraine, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Turkey, Yugoslavia,Slovenia, Croatia
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Which nations existed in 1914 but no longer exist today?
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…Serbia Ottoman Empire
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Which nations are larger now than they were in 1914?
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