Chapter 11 – Attraction & Intimacy

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gateways to attraction
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proximity, similarity, physical attractiveness, willingness, reciprocity, and absence of exclusion criteria
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proximity
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being geographically near another, predict liking
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interaction
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crossing paths with another, can discover similarities with another
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anticipation
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expecting to meet another increases the liking
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mere exposure
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stimuli liked more after repeated exposure
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likeness increases liking
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the more similar we see another, the more we like them ex – best friends
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dissimilarity increases dislike
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more dissimilar we see another, the more we dislike them ex – enemies
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complementarity
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when one partner completes what is missing from the other
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physical attractiveness
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good looks are a great asset
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matching principle
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we choose partners who match us in attractiveness and other traits
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passionate love
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state of intense longing for union with the other, absorbed with the other, ecstatic at obtaining love
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two-factor theory of emotion
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arousal + label = emotion
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satisfaction
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perception of a relationship
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alternatives
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perception of quality of the alternatives
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secure attachment
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distressed when parent leaves, happy when one parent returns
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avoidant attachment
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little distress when parent leaves, not happy when parent returns – dismissive and fearful – can occur if the parent is busy/doesn’t engage with their child often
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ambivalent attachment
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distressed when parent leaves, indifferent or hostile when the parent returns – preoccupied – parent is inconsistent with parenting, leaving the child confused/not knowing when their parent will be around
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You are a regular contributor to an Internet chat room. One day the other participants seem to ignore every comment you make. Research suggests you will likely:
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experience stress and a depressed mood.
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Social ostracism evokes a brain response similar to that triggered by:
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physical pain.
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The fact that people prefer letters appearing in their own name illustrates the:
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mere exposure effect.
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Rosalinda, who is attractive, very intelligent, and high in social status, marries Jorge, who is also attractive, very intelligent, and high in social status. Their relationship is best understood as an example of:
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the matching phenomenon.
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Roszell and her colleagues (1990) found that in a national sample of Canadians, those that others rated as more attractive earned, on average:
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around $2,000 more annually.
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Studies on computer composites of faces show that:
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perfectly average is quite attractive.
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The affection we feel for those with whom our lives are deeply intertwined is called:
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companionate love.
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When benefits are proportional to contributions in a relationship,
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equity exists
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The tendency for one person’s intimacy of self-disclosure to match that of a conversational partner is referred to as:
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disclosure reciprocity.
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Jim’s friends set him up on a blind date. He goes to pick up his date at her apartment. She is pretty and Jim is open to the possibility of liking her. As they pull out, a semi-truck loses control and nearly hits Jim’s car. Jim’s palms became sweaty and his heart rate increases. He now thinks his date is incredibly attractive and really likes her.
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example of the two-factor theory
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In terms of adult attachment styles, _____ individuals seem to be possessive and jealous, whereas _______ individuals are less invested in relationships and more likely to leave them
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ambivalent, avoidant

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