Chapter 10 Study Guide

Caus/o
burning, burn

Cerebr/o
cerebrum, brain

Concuss/o
shaken together, violently agitated

Contus/o
bruise

Encephal/o
brain

-esthesia
sensation, feeling

Esthet/o
feeling, nervous sensation, sense of perception

-graphy
The process of producing a picture or record

Mening/o
membranes, meninges

Myel/o
spinal cord, bone marrow

Neur/i, Neur/o
nerve, nerve tissue

Phobia
abnormal fear

Psych/o
mind

Radicul/o
root or nerve root

Tropic
having an affinity for

Acrophobia
Excessive fear of heights

Delusion
a false personal belief that is maintained despite obvious proof or evidence to the contrary

Claustrophobia
an abnormal fear of being in narrow or enclosed spaces

Coma
a state of profound unconsciousness

Concussion
a violent shaking up or jarring of the brain

Hydrocephalus
condition in which excess cerebrospinal fluid accumulates in the ventricles of the brain

Hyperesthesia
a condition of abnormal and excessive sensitivity to touch, pain, or other sensory stimuli

Hypochondriasis
a disorder characterized by an unreasonable fear that one has a serious disease

Delirium
an acute condition of confusion, disorientation, disordered thinking and memory, agitation, and hallucinations

Dyslexia
a learning disability characterized by substandard reading achievement due to the inability of the brain to process symbols; also known as a developmental reading disorder

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
An anxiety disorder characterized by unwanted repetitive thoughts (obsession) and/ or actions (compulsions).

Panic Attack
An unexpected, sudden experience of fear in the absence of danger, accompanied by physical symptoms such as shortness of breath and chest pain.

Anesthetic
the medication used to induce anesthesia

Anesthetist
a medical professional who specializes in administering anesthesia, but is not a physician

Meningitis
inflammation of the meninges of the brain and spinal cord

Meningocele
the congenital herniation of the meninges through a defect in the skull or spinal column

Myelitis
inflammation of the spinal cord

Shaken Baby Syndrome
the results of a child being violently shaken by someone

Anxiety Disorders
mental conditions characterized by excessive, irrational dread of everyday situations, or fear that is out of proportion to the real danger in a situation

Syncope
A spontaneous loss of consciousness caused by insufficient blood to the brain

Neurotransmitters
chemical substances that make it possible for messages to cross from the synapse of a neuron to the target receptor

Lethargy
a lowered level of consciousness marked by listlessness, drowsiness, and apathy

Cerebrovascular Accident
damage to the brain that occurs when the blood flow to the brain is disrupted; also known as a stroke

Alzheimer’s Disease
a group of disorders involving the parts of the brain that control thought, memory, and language