Chapter 10 Study Guide

Caus/o
burning, burn
Cerebr/o
cerebrum, brain
Concuss/o
shaken together, violently agitated
Contus/o
bruise
Encephal/o
brain
-esthesia
sensation, feeling
Esthet/o
feeling, nervous sensation, sense of perception
-graphy
The process of producing a picture or record
Mening/o
membranes, meninges
Myel/o
spinal cord, bone marrow
Neur/i, Neur/o
nerve, nerve tissue
Phobia
abnormal fear
Psych/o
mind
Radicul/o
root or nerve root
Tropic
having an affinity for
Acrophobia
Excessive fear of heights
Delusion
a false personal belief that is maintained despite obvious proof or evidence to the contrary
Claustrophobia
an abnormal fear of being in narrow or enclosed spaces
Coma
a state of profound unconsciousness
Concussion
a violent shaking up or jarring of the brain
Hydrocephalus
condition in which excess cerebrospinal fluid accumulates in the ventricles of the brain
Hyperesthesia
a condition of abnormal and excessive sensitivity to touch, pain, or other sensory stimuli
Hypochondriasis
a disorder characterized by an unreasonable fear that one has a serious disease
Delirium
an acute condition of confusion, disorientation, disordered thinking and memory, agitation, and hallucinations
Dyslexia
a learning disability characterized by substandard reading achievement due to the inability of the brain to process symbols; also known as a developmental reading disorder
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
An anxiety disorder characterized by unwanted repetitive thoughts (obsession) and/ or actions (compulsions).
Panic Attack
An unexpected, sudden experience of fear in the absence of danger, accompanied by physical symptoms such as shortness of breath and chest pain.
Anesthetic
the medication used to induce anesthesia
Anesthetist
a medical professional who specializes in administering anesthesia, but is not a physician
Meningitis
inflammation of the meninges of the brain and spinal cord
Meningocele
the congenital herniation of the meninges through a defect in the skull or spinal column
Myelitis
inflammation of the spinal cord
Shaken Baby Syndrome
the results of a child being violently shaken by someone
Anxiety Disorders
mental conditions characterized by excessive, irrational dread of everyday situations, or fear that is out of proportion to the real danger in a situation
Syncope
A spontaneous loss of consciousness caused by insufficient blood to the brain
Neurotransmitters
chemical substances that make it possible for messages to cross from the synapse of a neuron to the target receptor
Lethargy
a lowered level of consciousness marked by listlessness, drowsiness, and apathy
Cerebrovascular Accident
damage to the brain that occurs when the blood flow to the brain is disrupted; also known as a stroke
Alzheimer’s Disease
a group of disorders involving the parts of the brain that control thought, memory, and language