Chapter 10 & 11

A poor beginning may ____________ listeners.
distract
A good beginning is vital to the speaker’s __________________.
self-confidence
4 objectives of the introduction:
1. Get the attention and interest of your audience
2. Revel the topic of your speech
3. Establish your credibility and goodwill
4. Preview the body of the speech
Methods used to gain attention and interest:
1. Relate the topic to the audience
2. State the importance of your topic
3. Startle the audience
4. Arouse the curiosity of the audience
5. Question the audience
6. Begin with a question
7. Tell a story
In the process of gaining attention, be sure to state clearly the ___________.
topic
Restate it ____________ and ______________
clearly; consistently
Credibility
the audience’s perception of whether a speaker is qualified to speak on a given topic
Goodwill
the audience’s perception of whether the speaker has the best interest of the audience in hand
Preview statement
identifies the main points to be discussed in the body
What is the percentage of the introduction in your speech?
10-20%
Don’t worry about the exact wording of your introduction until you finish preparing the ________ of your speech.
body
The 2 functions of the conclusion:
1. Let the audience know that you are ending the speech
2. To reinforce the audience’s understanding of, or commitment to, the central idea
Crescendo
ending builds to a zenith of power and intensity
Dissolve
ending fades step by step to a dramatic final statement
Ways to reinforce the central idea:
1. Summarize your speech
2. End with a quotation
3. Make a dramatic statement
4. Refer to the introduction
Summarizing the main points is the __________ way to end a speech.
easiest
Referring to the introduction is an excellent way to give your speech __________________ unity
psychological
What is the percentage of the conclusion in your speech?
5-10%
Preperation outline
a developed outline developed during the process of speech preparation
The preparation outline:
1. States the specific purpose of your speech before outline itself
2. Identifies the central idea
3. Labels the intro, body, and conclusion
4. Uses a consistent pattern of symbolization and indentation
5. States main points and sub points in full sentences
6. Labels transitions, internal summaries and internal previews
7. Has a bibliography, or a list of all the sources used in the preparing the speech
8. You do not need a title unless your teacher requires one
Speaking outline
a brief outline used to jog a speaker’s memory during the presentation of the speech
The speaking outline is a _________________ version of your preparation outline.
condensed
You should write out essential _______________ and __________________
statistics and quotations
The speaking outline:
1. Should follow the visual framework used in the preparation outline
2. Should be legible
3. Should be brief as possible
4. Gives yourself delivery cues for delivering the speech
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