Chapter 1 Intro

Which of the following is an expected role of a Respiratory Therapist?
1. Promoting lung health and wellness
2. Providing patient education
3. Assessing the patients cardiopulmonary health status
Where are the majority of respiratory therapist employed?
Hospitals or acute care settings
Who is considered the father of medicine?
Hippocrates
In 1662 A chemist published a book that described relationship between gas,volume, and pressure. What was the Chemist’s name?
Robert boyle
Who discovered O2 in 1774 and disproved it as “dephlogisticated air”?
Joseph Priestly
Who is credited with first describing the law of partial pressures for a gas mixture?
John Dalton
Who is the first scientist in 1865 to suggest that micro organisms cause many diseases?
Louis Pasteur
Who discovered the x-ray and opened the door for the modern field of radiology?
William Roentgen
What was the primary duty of the first inhalation therapists?
Support O2 therapy
When did the designation “respiratory therapist” become standard?
1974
Who was the first to develop the large-scale production of O2 in 1907?
Karl von Linde
When was the first Venti-mask introduced that allows the precise delivery of 24%, 28%, 35%, and 40% O2?
1960
When were aerosolized glucocorticoids for the maintenance of patients with moderate to severe asthma first introduced?
In the 1970s
Which of the following medications has never been delivered as an aerosol by a respiratory therapist?
Inotropes
Which two names are linked to the development of the iron lung, which was extensively used to treat the polio epidemic in the 1950s?
Drinker and Emerson
Which of the following was one of the first positive-pressure ventilators developed?
Drager Pulmotor
When was the positive end expiratory pressure (PEEP) first introduced to treat patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome?
1967
When was synchronized intermittent mandatory ventilation first introduced?
1975
Who introduced the first laryngoscope, in 1913?
Chevalier Jackson
Who introduced the use of soft rubber endotracheal tubes around 1930?
McGill
In 1846 who developed a water seal spirometer, which allowed accurate measurement of the patients vital capacity?
Hutchinson
What was the name of the first professional organization for the field of respiratory care?
Inhalation Therapy Association
In which year did the respiratory care professional organization American Association for Respiratory Therapy change its name to American Association for Respiratory Care?
1954
What organization has developed an examination to enable respiratory therapists to become licensed?
National Board for Respiratory Care
Today, respiratory care educational programs in the United States are accredited by what organization?
Committee on Accreditation for Respiratory Care (CoARC)
The majority of respiratory care education programs in the United States offer what degree?
Associates Degree
Which of the following are predicted to be a growing trend in respiratory care for the future?
1. Greater use of respiratory therapy protocols
2. Increased need for patient assessment skills
3. Increased involvement in smoking cessation programs
4. Clinical decisions will increasingly be data-driven
How is competency to practice Respiratory Care determined?
Obtaining a passing grade on a credentialing examination administered by the NBRC after graduation from a CoARC approved program
Due to the aging of the majority of the population, which of the following will be the focus of the Respiratory Therapist of the future?
2. Disease management and rehabilitation
3. Patient and family education
4. Tobacco education and smoking cessation
According to the AARC’s “2015 and Beyond” project, all of the following are included in the seven major competencies required by Respiratory Therapists by the year 2015 except:
Bronchoscopy
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